316: Hosea 13:14


365 Prophecies: Prophecy 316

The Messiah shall defeat death by His resurrection from the dead.

Old Testament Prediction:

Hosea 13:14 “I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death. O Death, I will be your plagues! O Grave, I will be your destruction! Pity is hidden from My eyes.”

New Testament Fulfillment:

1 Corinthians 15:3-4 For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures…

1 Corinthians 15:22-26 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive. But each one in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, afterward those who are Christ’s at His coming. Then comes the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when He puts an end to all rule and all authority and power. For He must reign till He has put all enemies under His feet. The last enemy that will be destroyed is death.

1 Corinthians 15:54-55 So when this corruptible has put on incorruption, and this mortal has put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written: “Death is swallowed up in victory.” “O Death, where is your sting? O Hades, where is your victory?”

Application:

Hosea writes that the Lord will “ransom them from the power of the grace… and redeem them from death…”

One of the most important accomplishments of the Messiah is to defeat death forever.

Up until Jesus died and rose again on the third day, no one had ever risen from the dead, never to die again. Because Jesus as the Messiah has power over death, all those who believe in Him and trust Him for their eternal life shall also have power over death.

In response to the death of Lazarus, Jesus told Mary and Martha, that all those who put their complete trust in Him will never die.

John 11:25 Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shall live. 26 And whoever lives and believes in Me shall never die. Do you believe this?”

This is not to say that a person may not suffer physical death from an accident, sickness, or disease. Jesus is speaking of eternal death, the separation of the human soul and spirit from God—forever. There are far worse things that can happen to a person than death.

The Bible describes a “second death” that will occur when a person has rejected Jesus as his Savior and thereby has made his salvation from sin and death impossible.

If I tell you that the road ahead is washed out by a great flood and that you must take a bridge just up the road if you want to be saved. You have a choice to make: Either you can trust me and take the bridge, which is the only way across the raging river, or you can choose a road that will lead to your ultimate death.

Matthew 7:13-14 (Jesus speaking) Enter by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and there are many who go in by it. 14 Because narrow is the gate and difficult is the way which leads to life, and there are few who find it.

Certain people often become very angry when they are told that there is only one way to heaven. They do not understand that this is not a fact that Christians have established, but an absolute fact that God has set forth. God has chosen one way that He will forgive all of our sins and grant us eternal life: through the death and resurrection of His Son.

John 14:6 Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.”

Acts 4:12 Nor is there salvation in any other (than Jesus), for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.

Our Creator has made one way, so that it would be very easy for us to understand what He requires. The sacrifice required for our sins had to be perfect. Only Jesus lived a perfect and sinless life. Only Jesus possessed both the eternal Spirit of the Living God and the life of a human being, qualifying Him to be the Savior of all mankind.

The God of the universe does not require us to join an institution of man or follow a philosophy of men. He requires that we do what He said: “Believe on the one whom He sent.”

John 6:29 Jesus answered and said to them, “This is what God requires, that you believe in Him whom He sent.”[1]

God set forth these 365 prophecies, to confirm specifically—how we could know for certain that Jesus is the One whom He promised us.

Hosea’s prophecy describes the Messiah as having the power to defeat death, forever. The Bible has testified to us that when Jesus was crucified, three days later, he was resurrected from the dead and seen over a period of 40 days, by more than 500 eyewitnesses.

1 Corinthians 15:6 After that He was seen by over five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remain to the present, but some have fallen asleep.

Jesus predicts His death and resurrection.

Matthew 16:21 From that time Jesus began to show to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day.

Eyewitnesses testify of His resurrection:

Matthew 28:6 He is not here; for He is risen, as He said.

The resurrection of the Messiah is a well-established principle of the Old Testament, being predicted at least 11 times:

Prophecy 64:
Psalms 2:7-8 The Messiah will be killed and Resurrected.

Prophecy 69:
Psalms 16:9-11 The Messiah, though He will be killed, His body will be Resurrected.

Prophecy 85
Psalms 22:22 It will be by the death and resurrection of the Messiah that the whole world will learn of the Grace and Love of God.

Prophecy 91
Psalms 30:3 The Messiah will not be left in the grave; He will be resurrected to life.

Prophecy 100
Psalms 40:2-5 Although the Messiah will go into the lower parts of the earth at His death, He will be raised to life again with great joy over all those who will know Him after His resurrection.

Prophecy 109
Psalms 49:15 The Promise of Resurrection given to the Messiah.

Prophecy 147
Psalms 117:17-18 The Messiah shall be resurrected from the dead.

Prophecy 190
Isaiah 26:17-20 The Messiah’s Rapture and Resurrection of those who believe in Him, predicted.

Prophecy 260
Isaiah 53:10 The Messiah will look forward and see those to whom He shall redeem by His sacrifice.

Prophecy 272
Isaiah 53:3 The Messiah is given the promise of resurrection by God, called “The sure mercies of David.”

Prophecy 293
Jeremiah 30:9 For my people will serve the Lord their God and their king descended from David—the king I will raise up for them. (NLT)

The foundation of the Christian faith is the resurrection. If Jesus did not raise from the dead, then we are all still in our sins, and we have no hope of eternal life. All of the claims that Jesus made and every good work that He has done—rest on the confidence of His resurrection. Jesus claimed to be God and the Creator of all things. Everything that He said and did are contingent on whether or not He actually rose from the dead on the third day after He was crucified.

This is why God made absolutely sure that we would have not only a solid New Testament basis for the facts of the resurrection but also a foundation from the Old Testament, where He told us by many prophecies that the Messiah would rise.

There is no other religion, or religious leader, who can prove that they rose from the dead and never died again. There are a few examples of people who are documented by medical experts to have risen from the dead.[2] In every case where a person is describes a coming back from the dead, at some point in the future, they died once again.[3] Only Jesus rose, never to die again, having defeated death forever.

Today, some critics of the authenticity of the gospel accounts of Jesus resurrection, claim that scholars today know for certain that the events of the resurrection did not happen. They base their claims on diaphanous evidence that cannot be fully proven. Of course people claim that the resurrection did not happen, if it did, then the whole world has a serious dilemma. Does any reasonable person really believe that critical judgements by scholars today carry greater weight or credibility than the testimony of men who witnessed and recorded the actual events which took place during Jesus death and resurrection? What more would anyone expect if a man had been crucified and then three days later He was seen walking in the midst of those who watched Him die, eating, and conversing with people—while discussing His death and resurrection? Of course people scrambled to write down what they had witnessed, so that every generation after Jesus rose from the dead would know the truth.

Jesus rose from the dead, this is a settled matter of the historical record and no scholar has ever been able to successfully impeach the testimony of the writers of the New Testament.

According to scholars today, Jesus’ resurrection from the dead is a historical fact.[4]

“Accordingly, if all the evidence is weighed carefully and fairly, it is indeed justifiable, according to the canons of historical research, to conclude that the sepulcher of Joseph of Arimathea, in which Jesus was buried, was actually empty on the morning of the first Easter. And no thread of evidence has yet been discovered in literary sources, epigraphy, or archaeology that would disprove this statement.”[5]

The Christian Gospels testifying of Jesus’ resurrection are considered by the most credible scholars of all ages to be the most authenticated event in all of ancient history.[6] We must remember that the four Gospels are not merely religious documents, but authentic testimony by those who later gave their lives in defense of what they had seen—with their own eyes. One of the world’s greatest and most proficient experts in examining the testimony of those who are said to be eyewitnesses, has carefully scrutinized the four Gospels and found them absolutely reliable and authentic. Dr. Simon Greenleaf, one of the greatest legal minds the world has ever known, has written a preeminent treatise on how evidence should correctly be evaluated. Dr. Greenleaf begins his estimation of the four gospels by using the same rules for evidence that is used in a court of law, in determining the authenticity of the gospel accounts.

First of all, because the testimony of the four gospels is known to have been used by the Christian church for the past 2,000 years and was found under their stewardship during this entire period of time, it is certain that from the beginning, the Church that Jesus established has continued to believe that His resurrection was an actual event. Certainly, the early church was in a far better position to refute this foundational claim, 2,000 years ago, than we are able today. Those who criticize and cast doubt on the reliability of the four gospels are themselves under the microscope, first and foremost. It is the critics of the Bible who must prove beyond a reasonable doubt, that the testimony of the four gospels about Jesus resurrection did not happen.

Dr. Greenleaf establishes this principle:

“In trials of fact, by oral testimony, the proper inquiry is not whether it is possible that the testimony may be false, but whether there is sufficient probability that it is true.”[7]

The testimony of Jesus’ resurrection was written and copied vigorously by thousands of facsimiles while the writers of the four gospels were still alive.

One of the most stunning discoveries in the field of New Testament reliability came from an Egyptologist in the late 19th century, by the name of Charles B. Huleatt.[8] Three small fragments of papyrus from upper Egypt, found at Magdalen College, Oxford in 1901, contained twenty four lines from the gospel of Matthew Chapter 26:23 and 31. Dr. Carsten Peter Thiede, the director of the Institute of Basic Epistemological Research in Paderborn, Germany, discovered by a scanning laser microscope that these fragments were certainly from the original gospel of Matthew that was written while Matthew was still alive, about 60 A.D.[9]

Dr. Thiede concluded that these three papyrus fragments must have been written between the time of the crucifixion, at about 32 A.D., and the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus is 70 A. D. This places the date of the writing for Matthew’s gospel at the time he was alive and witnessed the events that are recorded in his gospel account.

The resurrection and Josephus

If any of the events that Matthew recorded concerning the death and resurrection of Jesus were reported as untrue, Jewish historian, Josephus, would have certainly rebutted these statements in his writings. Josephus was not a Christian nor sympathetic to the Christian church. The fact of his silence regarding what the disciples wrote concerning Jesus is, in my opinion, substantial as confirmation, that Josephus did not have any facts in evidence to discredit the claim that Jesus was not only crucified but also resurrected three days later.

We must remember that the resurrection was just as much a part of the historical record of Jesus Christ as was His crucifixion. We have non-biblical confirmation that the crucifixion took place; and there being no testimony that the Gospel record of the resurrection was a hoax, it is reasonable as evidence, in fact, that the resurrection also took place, as the writers of the New Testament testified.

Based solely on the above evidence, we could reasonably conclude that the testimony of Jesus’ resurrection is both credible and reliable. Dr. Greenleaf further validates these points:

“A proposition of fact is proved, when its truth is established by competent and satisfactory evidence.”[10]

According to the same rules for evidence that have long been established for the courts of justice in the United States and throughout the world, the testimony that we have in our possession today regarding the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead is as certain as any other event of history that rests on far less evidence.


[1] Author’s Translation
[2] 1.Hornby K, Hornby L, Shemie SD (May 2010). “A systematic review of autoresuscitation after cardiac arrest”. Crit. Care Med. 38 (5): 1246–53. doi:10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181d8caaa. PMID 20228683.
2.66-year-old man suffering from a suspected abdominal aneurysm who, during treatment for this condition, suffered cardiac arrest and received chest compressions and defibrillation shocks for 17 minutes. Vital signs did not return; the patient was declared dead and resuscitation efforts ended. Ten minutes later, the surgeon felt a pulse. The aneurysm was successfully treated and the patient fully recovered with no lasting physical or neurological problems. Ben-David M.D., Bruce; et al. (2001). “Survival After Failed Intraoperative Resuscitation: A Case of “Lazarus Syndrome””. Anesth Analg 92 (3): 690–692. doi:10.1213/00000539-200103000-00027. PMID 11226103. Retrieved 2008-10-14.
3 A 61-year-old woman from Delaware, USA was given “multiple medicines and synchronized shocks”, but never regained a pulse. She was declared dead but was discovered in the morgue to be alive and breathing. She sued the medical center where it happened for damages due to physical and neurological problems stemming from the event. ””Woman Declared Dead, Still Breathing in Morgue”. Fox News. 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
4.A 27-year-old man in the UK went into cardiac arrest after overdosing on heroin and cocaine. After 25 minutes of resuscitation efforts, the patient was verbally declared dead. About a minute after resuscitation ended, a nurse noticed a rhythm on the heart monitor and resuscitation was resumed. The patient recovered fully. Walker, A.; H. McClelland, J. Brenchley (2001). “The Lazarus phenomenon following recreational drug use”. Emerg Med J 18 (1): 74–75. doi:10.1136/emj.18.1.74
5.45-year-old woman in Colombia was pronounced dead, as there were no vital signs showing she was alive. Later, a funeral worker noticed the woman moving and alerted his co-worker that the woman should go back to the hospital. http://uk.news.yahoo.com/4/20100219/twl-dead-woman-comes-back-to-life-41f21e0.html.%5Bdead link] Retrieved 19 Feb 2010 Salazar, Hernando. “¿Colombiana experimentó Síndrome de Lázaro?”. BBC Online (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 December 2010
6.A 65-year-old man in Malaysia came back to life two-and-a-half hours after doctors at Seberang Jaya Hospital, Penang pronounced him dead. He died three weeks later. Resurrection man dies, The Star, 26 Apr 2011
7.A 49-year-old woman came back to life at Edinburgh Royal Infirmary after being dead for 45 minutes. McKim, Claire. “Dead’ grandmother comes back to life after 45 minutes when grieving husband tells heart attack victim ‘I love you”. Daily Mail (London)
8.A 37-year old man in Bellbrook, Ohio, USA coded for 45 minutes and was pronounced dead in the early morning hours of Aug 5, 2013. Several minutes later his heart started after his son, Lawerence, saw him laying on the table and said “Dad, you’re not going to die today.” http://abcnews.go.com/Health/ohio-man-declared-dead-back-life/story?id=20027401. All examples came from Wikipedia: “The Lazarus Syndrome,” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lazarus_syndrome.
[3] Ibid
[4] 1.Grant, M., Jesus: An Historian’s Review of the Gospels New York: Scribner’s, 1977, Page 176
2.Van Daalen, D. H., The Real Resurrection, London: Collins, 1972, Page 41
3.Kremer, Jakob, Die Osterevangelien — Geschichten um Geschichte, Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 1977, Pages 49-50
[5] Maier, P. L., “The Empty Tomb as History” in Christianity Today, March 1975, Page 5
[6] Ibid.
[7] Simon Greenleaf. The Testimony of the Evangelists: The Gospels Examined by the Rules of Evidence (Kindle Locations 270-271). Kindle Edition.
[8] Thiede, Carsten Peter & D’Ancona, Matthew, The Jesus Papyrus, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1996.
[9] Thiede, Carsten Peter & D’Ancona, Matthew, The Jesus Papyrus, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1996
[10] Simon Greenleaf. The Testimony of the Evangelists: The Gospels Examined by the Rules of Evidence (Kindle Locations 279-280). Kindle Edition.

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