138: Psalms 102:25-27


365 Prophecies: Prophecy 138

The Messiah will be the eternal Son of God who created the heavens and the earth.

Old Testament Prediction:

Psalms 102:25-27 (God) Of old You laid the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the work of Your hands. They will perish, but You will endure; Yes, they will all grow old like a garment; Like a cloak You will change them, And they will be changed. But You are the same, And Your years will have no end.

New Testament Fulfillment:

Hebrews 1:8-12 But to the Son He says: “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of gladness more than Your companions.” And: “You, LORD, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the work of Your hands. They will perish, but You remain;And they will all grow old like a garment; Like a cloak You will fold them up, And they will be changed. But You are the same, And Your years will not fail.”


The fact that this 138th prophecy from Psalms 102:25-27 is speaking of Jesus as the Messiah is confirmed by Paul’s commentary from Hebrews 1:8-12. Paul quotes from this Psalm almost verbatim in ascribing to Jesus the creative powers of God, who spoke the universe into existence “of old.”

The term of old is a description of the original creation of the universe and the foundations of the earth. This is a time that is unknown to us. The Bible speaks only of the fact that God created the universe, in the beginning.

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

The Bible does not tell us when “in the beginning” occurred. If modern Cosmology can correctly calculate the age of the expanding universe by Cosmic Background Radiation and determine that it is about 13.7 billion years old, this certainly does not conflict with Genesis Chapter 1, Verse 1.

Although I have written extensively on this subject, in the chapter “The Beginning of the Universe: Reconciling 6 days with 13.7 Billion years“, I will include some of the notes from that chapter in this prophecy.

We notice in the first chapter of Genesis—there is a stunning break between verse 1 (the creation of the universe) and verse 2 (the earth being without form and void).

Genesis 1:2 The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

There is a possible clarification here in the text of Genesis 1:1-2 that reveal that the traditional view of a young earth may not be accurate.

In 1964, two American radio astronomers, Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, accidentally discovered the fingerprints of the universe, called “Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation” (CMBR, or CMB). When the universe began its initial expansion of gases, it left evidence of its conception in the form of Cosmic Radiation. By measuring the Residual evidence of this Radiation, scientists are able to determine the time when the universe began, at about 13.7 billion years ago. In the words of Dr. Torsten Enblin:

“The CMB is a snapshot of the oldest light in our Universe, imprinted on the sky when the Universe was just 380,000 years old. It shows tiny temperature fluctuations that correspond to regions of slightly different densities, representing the seeds of all future structure: the stars and galaxies of today.”[1]

From the evidence of the CMBR, teamed with the words of Genesis 1:1, we can deduce a reasonable and accurate age of the universe and the earth itself.

It is important at this point, to define the important points that will be made in the remaining portion of this chapter.

1. God is the source of the universe.
2. According to the text of the Bible, Jesus is the agent of all creation.
3. If scientists are correct in their estimate in the age of the universe, at 13.7 billion years—this does not diminish the active involvement of God in every pico-second of its development.
4. According to scientists, it is clear in the expansion of energy from the initial moment the universe came into existence, that extreme control of the expansion was initiated—from the beginning.
5. In no way does 13.7 billion years—imply “cosmic evolution,” anymore that all other processes of time in the history of man, implies an evolutionary process, apart from God.

The original Hebrew reveals what God is saying

When we conduct a serious study in the correct usage of the Hebrew language, we find that Genesis Chapter 1 Verse 1 is not written as a collection of verses which describe the original creation of God. The sentence, “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth,” is an ending to God’s description of the creation of the universe. If it was intended as a part of God’s summary of the entire creation, then the second verse—The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters—would have been the beginning of the description of this creation. It is not. Verse 2 is a completely separate and distinct subject. We see a clear example of this in Genesis Chapter 5:

Genesis 5:1 This is the book of the genealogy of Adam. In the day that God created man, He made him in the likeness of God.

Genesis 5:2 He created them male and female, and blessed them and called them Mankind in the day they were created.

Notice that the first verse of Genesis 5, “This is the book of the genealogy of Adam,” is immediately followed by the connecting words: “In the day that God created man, He made him in the likeness of God.” Notice that the second verse does not give us any details for the preceding verse, but is a separate and distinct event: “He created them male and female, and blessed them and called them Mankind in the day they were created.”

We do not see this as clearly in the English translation of Genesis 1:1-2 as it is apparent in the original Hebrew translation.

In the beginning Elohim
Hebrew text 01

created the heavens and the earth.”
Hebrew text 02
Hebrew text 03

Hebrew reads from right to left. Starting with the preposition “In,” which is always attached to the feminine noun “beginning.” This tells us that this is the original creation of the heavens and the earth, that is being spoken here as a separate and distinct event from all that follows. Also, it is worth noting that the word “Elohim” is plural, a compound unity of God. This is to say that God is One, but made up of more than one person.

The second verse is clearly intended as a separate and distinct statement about an event which took place at great distance from the original creation.

“The earth was or became without form, and void;
Hebrew text 04
Hebrew text 05

The term “without form, and void” is preceded by the Hebrew word ha-ye-ta, which has been translate “was.” There is some evidence that ha-ye-ta could also be correctly translated as “became.”

It is interesting that those who have an agenda to prove that verse 2 of Genesis Chapter 1 is a part of the first verse—always translate Hayeta as “was.” While at the same time they translate Genesis 19:26—where Lot’s wife turns back to look at Sodom—is translated as: Hayeta, “became” (a pillar of salt). Both Genesis 1:2 and Genesis 19:6 use the same Hebrew word: Hayeta; yet, one is translated was and the other, became.

This appears to be solely for the sake of convenience in proving that Genesis 1:2 is stating that the earth was in a state of formlessness, rather than something occurred which caused it to become formless and void.

Genesis 1:2 The earth was (hayeta) without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

Genesis 19:26 But his wife looked back behind him, and she became (hayeta) a pillar of salt.

A point certain—since the Hebrew word hayeta may be translated as became in the context of Lot’s wife; it can also certainly be translated as became, in Genesis 1:2. You will read from some scholars that the Hebrew language does not allow for the translation “became formless and void,” but this is simply not true. There are just as many Hebrew scholars who will adamantly declare that the Hebrew demands the translation “became.”[2]

Since the points of Genesis 1:1-2 have been written about extensively by other scholars, I will not make a great effort to restate what has already been said. I will instead present my arguments for the Genesis narrative, in favor of an old universe, old earth.

Formless and void confirmed by Hebrew Scholars

One of the primary areas of disagreement between those who observe a catastrophic event having occurred at Genesis 1:2 and those who do not hold this view, is the use of the Hebrew text contained in verse 2.

The term: “waste and void”, was translated from the Hebrew text, Tohu wa bohu (תֹ֙הוּ֙ וָבֹ֔הוּ).

This Hebrew phrase describes the condition of the earth before God began the six days of restoration depicted in Genesis chapter 1:3-31. There is great evidence here to conclude that the term “the earth was without form and void” (tohu v’bohu), is not simply speaking of the earth in a primitive state before God formed it for habitation. Many Hebrew scholars have written that this phrase is describing a judgment of God whereby everything on the earth was destroyed. The is indicated by many of the original ancient versions of this text, such as the Aramaic Version, the Chaldee Version, and the Septuagint Version of Genesis 1:2.

The Chaldee Version:“But the earth had become desert and empty.”[3]
The Aramaic Version: “And the earth had become ruined and uninhabited.”[4]
The Septuagint Version: “But the earth had become unfurnished and empty.”[5]

Tohu is utilized on 20 occasions in the Hebrew Scriptures and is translated as “vain” or “waste.[6]

Bohu is used three times in the Hebrew Scriptures: (Genesis 1:2—without form and void; Isaiah. 34:11—confusion; Jeremiah. 4:23—without form and void) Bohu is always placed together with Tohu, in consistently quoting the event that occurred in Genesis 1:2.[7]

The view that Genesis 1:2 is speaking of a catastrophic event of destruction orchestrated by God, is confirmed by one is Israel’s greatest Rabbi’s: Akiva ben Joseph.

Rabbi Judah taught that Akiva ben Joseph said:

“Tohu is a green line encompassing the world from which darkness emanates.”[8]

In other words, the text of Genesis 1:2, in the opinion of Akiva: God is indicating that the darkness which is described by this verse is indicative of a judgement of God which caused the darkness and desolation of the earth.[9]

Akiva ben Joseph, was leading contributor to the writing of the Mishnah and Midrash Halakha. Akiva is referred to in the Talmud as “Rosh la-Chachamim” (The Head of all Sages).[10] Rabbi Akiva was instrumental as one of the architects for the canon of the Tanakh. Akiva became a devoted follower and friend of Rabbi Gamaliel, who was Paul’s chief teacher in the Hebrew Scriptures.[11]

The following is a description of Rabbi Akiva from one of his contemporaries:

“A worker who goes out with his basket. He finds wheat – he puts it in, barley – he puts it in, spelt – he puts it in, beans – he puts it in, lentils – he puts it in. When he arrives home he sorts out the wheat by itself, barley by itself, spelt by itself, beans by themselves, lentils by themselves. So did Rabbi Akiva; he arranged the Torah rings by rings.”[12]

It is clear that those who were originally responsible for the correct interpretation of the Hebrew Scriptures, believed that the text of Genesis 1:2 is describing the total destruction of the earth which occurred prior to the re-creative days of verses 3-31.

The opinions of Biblical Scholars

In the highly regarded “Pulpit Commentary,” on Genesis, chapter one, it is noted that “In the beginning: “Bershith (created),” is neither from eternity,” nor at a time specific. The Hebrew text simply states that it was at the commencement of time, without indicating when the beginning was.” The reference to the “first day, points to verse 3 as its proper terminus a quo (“A point of origin, or a first limiting point in time.”[13]), In which the beginning may have been antedated by an indefinite period.”[14]

In other words; the original creation of the Universe is not specifically stated by the Hebrew language, only that it took place “in the beginning, Bershith.” The reference to the beginning of God’s six days of work on the earth, is not a part of this original creation, but uniquely linked to verses 3-31 only.

A verse of contention

One of the verses from the Bible which has been used to make the case that the entire universe was “created” in six days, is found in Exodus 31:17.

Exodus 31:17 It is a sign between Me and the children of Israel forever; for in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.’ ”

Notice that there is a different word used here (made) in reference to the six days of creation. Genesis 1:1 describes God as “creating” the heavens and the earth. The English word “create” came from the Hebrew word “bara,” which mean to make from nothing.

The Hebrew word used in Exodus 31:17 for made, is “mad,” which is correctly translated as “measure,” not to create from nothing as Genesis 1:1 indicates.

It is clear that Exodus 31:17 is not referring to the original creation of the universe in Genesis 1:1, but to the time afterwards when God “measured” the heavens and the earth to bring the earth out of it’s destruction as described in Genesis 1:2. It was then that God utilized the six days of restoration of the earth in Genesis 1:3-31.

The age of the earth

The earth did not exist at the precise moment that the universe began. This is clear from the text of Genesis 1:1-2 and confirmed by science. It would take more than 9 billion years before our galaxy, star, and solar system would form, out of the matter that existed from the initial expansion of the universe.[15] We notice that the first, second, and third verses of Genesis chapter 1 are all separated by periods, not commas. In the original Hebrew language in which these three verses were written, they are described as three separate events that were linked to each other in the description of God’s creation of the universe. We find that verse 1 is the original creation of the matter that began suddenly in a massive expansion of gasses. Verse 2 is a description of earth about 9 billion years later, just prior to God forming it for life. Verses 3-31 are a vivid description of how God separated the land from the water and then created an atmosphere, plants, animals, and finally human life on the earth.

The original creation of the universe from Genesis 1:1, which took place about 13.7 billion years ago, is referred to by Cosmologists as “the Big Bang.”

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

The condition of the earth just prior to God making it suitable for life is seen in Genesis 1:2, about 4.56 billion years ago:

Genesis 1:2 The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

Finally, in Genesis 1:3-31, in six literal 24-hour days, God brings order to the earth, making it suitable for life.

Genesis 1:3 Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light..

The following is my personal theory for when God created the universe and then brought the earth into a state where life could be sustained upon it.

The original creation, from the moment of the Big Bang:

• Creation begins: 13.7 billion years ago, Genesis 1:1 “in the beginning…”
• The first stars form: after 100 million years.
• Our sun begins to form: after 9.10 billion years.
• Earth begins to form: after 9.14 billion years.

The formation of our solar system in years, looking back:

• Our sun formed: 4.6 billion years ago.
• Earth is formed: 4.56 billion years ago.
• First life created on earth: 1 billion years ago.
• Dinosaurs first appeared: 230 million years ago, died after 135 million years.
• Humanoid beings appeared (not homo sapiens, not apes): 5 million years ago. Possibly under the rulership of the pre-fallen Lucifer on the earth (see the chapter: The Moment of Creation).
• Fall of Lucifer: Time unknown, likely between 1 billion and 6,000 years ago. Genesis 1:2 “The earth became without form and void…” The fall of Lucifer may be the reason that the earth became formless and void and is seen in this state, just prior to God bringing it out of judgement in verse 3.
• Forming and/or the Restoration of the earth: 6,000 years ago, the six days of Genesis 1:3-31

Day 1: Genesis 1:3-5, God causes the light that is already in existence by our Sun, to be seen on the surface of the earth (no land yet).
Day 2: Genesis 1:6-8, dividing the thick atmosphere of the earth from the water that covered the earth.
Day 3: Genesis 1:9-13, dividing the seas from the land so that land appears, seeds begins to grow (seeds were already present); grass, herbs, and trees begin to grow.
Day 4: Genesis 1:14-19, the stars, moon, and sun are fully visible on the land of earth (they already existed but were unseen on the surface of the earth).
Day 5: Genesis 1:20-23, creation of fish, birds, and the larger sea creatures. Each created according to their own kind, not evolved.
Day 6: Genesis 1:24-31, creation of land animals, creation of man and woman, dominion over the earth given to man, command to reproduce; all plants, herbs, and trees given to mankind for food.
Day 7: God ends His work of creation on the earth.

A need-to-know basis

We should remember that the Bible is not the complete story of everything that God has done in eternity. The purpose of the scriptures is to inform human beings of their story. The events that are spoken of in Genesis are for the purpose of revealing what God has done for us, not for any other creation that He has made. We know very little of the creation of the angels—only what God has determined that we should know at this time, and what is necessary for us to understand regarding our salvation story. We know very little of any other creation that God has made, either on the earth or anywhere else in the universe.

The above timeline fits both the Biblical description of creation, as well as the scientific timeline for creation. There is no compromise made here, nor intrinsic need to seek to reconcile science and the Bible. This timeline simply works—as is, because this is obviously what actually took place.

It is certain that over the process of time and the accumulation of additional knowledge, science will adjust the time estimated for the origin of the universe, and Biblical scholars will adjust their current long-held tradition of a six-day duration for the entire creation of the universe. Genesis chapter one describes the earth as it is brought out of its state of—formless and void, during a period of six days that are re-creative, not an original creation.

At the present time, a young earth and young universe is unprovable and insupportable, by any evidence that is available.

It is certain that the above theorem is the only reasonable explanation for why the residual radiation of the universe, defines it as almost 14 billion years old—in tandem with the geological and paleontological record of the earth which demand that our planet is billions of years old.

When Christians insist on a six-day timeline for the creation of the universe and date the earth at 6-10,000 years, contrary to the evidence, we make ourselves fools. This is one of the reasons that many intelligent people do not take the Bible seriously or honestly consider the Christian faith as valid.

Is it reasonable that we as the Christian church, who base our conviction on facts; that God exists, and that He has revealed Himself to us—through the person of Jesus Christ—would deny the evidence which proves that the universe is billions of years old?

Contrary to popular belief, our faith in the Bible and Jesus Christ is not based on faith alone. We believe these things because of the facts of the Bible, fulfilled prophecy, and the record of history—which support our faith. Why then would we find it difficult to believe the age of the universe—is billions of years in duration, when these conclusions are supported by empirical evidence?

The only point which has led Theologians to conclude that the universe is about 10,000 years old, is a misinterpretation of the text from Genesis chapter one—regarding the creation of the heavens and the earth, in six days. The language of the first verse of Genesis does not state that God made the heavens and the earth in just six days; it declares that God created both, in the beginning.

We must be honest in this regard. The reason that the Christian church has held tightly to the conviction that the universe is young—is due to the traditions of the church, which existed before Cosmologist had the ability to understand the true age of the universe.

Past traditions were in error

The Christian church, has in the past, also held the tradition that the Sun revolved around the earth—for centuries before science was able to determine earth revolved around the Sun.[16]

The Christian church, as well as the scientific community, held this view of our solar system, despite the fact that the Bible described the earth as rotating around the Sun.

The Sun follows a circuit

Three thousand years ago, the writer of Psalm 19 described the Sun as following a circuit or circular course through the universe.

Psalms 19:4-6 He has set a tabernacle for the sun, Which is like a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, 5 And rejoices like a strong man to run its race. 6 Its rising is from one end of heaven, And its circuit to the other end; And there is nothing hidden from its heat.

Three thousand years ago, scientists also believed that the sun rotated around the earth. They had no idea that the opposite was true—the earth was in fact part of system of planets in which the sun was at the center. During the earlier history of mankind, the concept of our sun moving through a universe of other stars and planets in a circuit was incomprehensible. The sun was first spoken of as the center of the solar system by the Greek Aristarchus in the third century. It was not until the 17th century when Copernicus invented the telescope, that he was able to observe other planets passing between earth and the sun.[17]

Facts of science known in the Bible

God told us, in His word (Psalms 19:4-6), that the sun moved through the universe in a circuit, thousands of years before any man knew this was true.

Today, through the use of powerful telescopes, we know that the sun is part of an enormous spiral galaxy called the Milky Way. The sun moves in a circuit or circular course through the universe at speeds of more than 251 kilometers per second or 561,471.009 miles per hour.[18] It will take our solar system 225-230 million years to complete one circuit or orbit through the Milky Way Galaxy.[19]

How did David know these facts 3,000 years ago when he wrote Psalms 19:4-6? Jesus identifies David as a prophet who was given advanced knowledge of details otherwise unknown to men (Mt. 22:43, Mk. 12:36, Lk. 20:42). David also accurately predicted the entire death and crucifixion of Jesus in Psalm 22 almost 1,000 years before Jesus was born. The Bible claims that God gave transcendent knowledge of the heavens, the earth, and Himself, to certain individuals—by His Spirit.

2 Peter 1:21 for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.

What does the evidence reveal?

What is certain is that the earth is not 6-10,000 years old. Our planet appears as; billions of years old, because it is. It took a very long duration of time for the naturally occurring events, required to form a planet, were completed. When the earth was first formed from gases that spun off from our sun, there was no atmosphere, water, or land. It took the process of millions of years for these necessary elements to form on the earth that would allow for life much later.

Many of the young earth creationists today would have us believe that God simply created the earth already formed in its present state, and made it appear to be billions of years old.

I reject this premise based on the words of scripture which adamantly state that “what can be known about God, even His eternal power and Godhead, are understood by the things that He has made (Romans 1:20).”

Romans 1:20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead...

If God made the earth “look” billion of years old when in fact it is really only 10,000 years old, what does this say about the character of God? Of course it wrongly implies that God is a deceiver, which is not true. Since God can be known by the things that He has made, this would include the earth. If scientists can accurately measure the true age of our planet today at about 4.56 billion years, by the physical evidence, then we should have reasonable cause to conclude that the age of our planet is much older than 10,000 years.

I would personally reject the entire theory of a young earth based solely on this verse of scripture from Romans 1:20, as well as the other overwhelming evidence from science that confirms that the age of the Earth is billions of years, not thousands.

How the age of the Earth was determined

In 1956, Dr. Clair Cameron Patterson (June 2, 1922–December 5, 1995), a Geochemist, published his findings on certain meteorites that came from the Barringer Crater, also called “Meteor Crater,” near Winslow Arizona. Using uranium-lead isotope dating for several of these meteorites, the true age of the earth was estimated at 4.56 billion years.[20]

It is interesting that scientists consider that most other geological samples from Earth cannot give us a true age for the earth, because our planet has undergone so many changes in the mixing of material from the core, mantle, and crust. The problem with Radio Isotope dating is that any sample that is tested, which came from a source where the material was not from a closed system—protected from outside influences; the dating of those samples will be unreliable.

The oldest material that has been examined on the Earth at the present time, came from the Jack Hills of Western Australia. Testing reveals that these samples reveal an age for the Earth at about 4.4 billion years.[21]

Further evidence for Earth’s age

When scientists compare the luminosity of our Sun to those of other similar stars in the Milky Way Galaxy, our solar system could not be much older than 4.4 billion years.[22]

For this reason, scientists for the past 50 years have functioned under the assumption that meteorites contain material that has been left over from the creation of our Solar System. By measuring the age of the material from these meteorites, the age of the Earth can be known.[23]

Of course you can see where problems might arise in relying on samples from extraterrestrial sources, in determining the age of our planet. Until scientists can confirm the age of the Earth from data that actually came from our planet, we should accept the current data that has determined the age of Earth by meteorites—with a bit of skepticism. This being said, we still know that our planet is much, much older than 10,000 years old. The likelihood that our planet is billions of years old, considering the known age of our Sun and solar system, is great.[24]

I have stated my position extensively in this book. After examining all of the evidence from the Bible and the vast and conclusive record of geology, paleontology, and archeology, it is impossible that the earth is only 6-10,000 years old, as young earth creationists claim.

Evidence of humanoid beings on the earth before Adam (speculative).

Since it is certain that the earth is billion of years old, it is possible that there were other beings on this planet before Adam was created.

There are millions of fossil remains of non-human beings who lived on the earth millions of years ago. Who are they? When exactly did they live here? Scientists confirm that they are not human beings, and they are not apes. Experts have dated these fossils remains at millions of years ago, demanding a conclusion that they were here on our planet before Adam was created. Scientists have wrongly concluded that these humanoids were the early ancestors of human beings, although they are an entirely different genus. Genetic testing of the DNA of these beings reveals that they are only similar to current Homo Sapiens in about 6% of their Genome.[25] Human beings did not evolve from these earlier life forms; they are different species altogether.

Clearly, the Bible reveals that human beings, in their present form, have only been on the earth for about 6,000 years.[26] There is an extensive list of skeletal remains that have been dated as far back as 5 million years, yet not one of these ancient remains is described as being “Homo Sapiens” which have lived on the earth for the past 6,000 years.

“Most of the fossils shown are not considered direct ancestors to Homo sapiens but are closely related to direct ancestors and are therefore important to the study of the lineage.”[27]

What caused the earth to become formless and void?

We notice that there is a stunning break between verse 1 (the creation of the universe) and verse 2 (the earth being without form and void).

It is possible that something occurred at an indeterminate time in the past history of the earth, which caused its destruction—most likely the fall of Lucifer. From the text of Genesis 1:2, it certainly is possible that some catastrophic event caused the earth to become formless and void, as confirmed by Hebrew scholars. Without the existence of a great duration of time in the past history of earth before Adam, we have no understanding for when Lucifer fell and why the earth appears billions of years old.

Many intelligent people do not believe that God destroyed the world and placed it in a deep freeze for an indeterminate period of time, at Genesis 1:2, failing to remember that the Lord also destroyed the world at the great global flood of Noah.

2 Peter Chapter 3 describes men who forget that it was “by the word of the Lord that the heavens were created, then the earth was standing out of water, then it was covered again with water.”

2 Peter 3:5-6 For this they willfully forget: that by the word of God the heavens were of old (Genesis 1:1 at creation), and the earth standing out of water and (then again in Genesis 1:2) in the water, by which the world that then existed perished, being flooded with water.

Scholars have assumed that this verse is speaking of the great flood of Noah. The problem with this assumption is that these verses of scripture do not specify that particular flood. There is not a single inference to Noah or the flood that occurred at that time in the entire context of Peter’s description of the judgment of God that destroyed the earth by water.

Therefore, it is completely reasonable that these verses from 2 Peter 3:5-6 could be describing the heavens of old (the dateless past), being formed by the word of God (13.7 billion years ago); and the earth being ready for habitation, having advanced life forms which were destroyed (at the fall of Lucifer), during a cataclysmic event when the earth was destroyed by God and covered with water. Finally, about 6,000 years ago, the waters that covered the earth were receded to allow land to reappear a second time, during the six days of Earth’s restoration, which are described in the Book of Genesis chapter 1, verses 3-31.

Peter’s words are a fitting description for what may have occurred in Genesis 1:2.

Genesis 1:2 The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

2 Peter 3:5-6 …the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of water and in the water, by which the world that then existed perished, being flooded with water.

The term deep, in Genesis 1:2, is a reference to the deep water that covered the earth, which prevented light and life from being present.

The prophet Isaiah wrote that the Lord said that He did not create the earth in vain. He formed it to be inhabited.

Isaiah 45:18 For thus says the LORD, Who created the heavens, Who is God, Who formed the earth and made it, Who has established it, Who did not create it in vain, Who formed it to be inhabited

Since this statement by God that He created the earth to be inhabited, as a part of the original creation of the earth, how did it become formless and void, as described in Genesis 1:2? According to Isaiah 45:18 above, when God first created the earth, it was ready to be inhabited.

As David describes the heavens and the earth as created of old here in this 138th prophecy, we should understand that this is a point in the dateless past when the Lord created all that exists.

The church has fallen into a deep well of trouble by insisting that the earth is only 6-10,000 years old and that man walked on the earth with the dinosaurs. This position is not only unnecessary; it is not taught in the Bible.

The scriptures make it possible for us to understand that the heavens were created about 13.7 billion years ago, as the evidence from science indicates. The earth, being formed much later, could easily be billions of years old. When Adam was placed on the earth, it was after a re-creative state where God receded the waters that covered the land, removed the thick atmosphere from obscuring the sunlight, brought forth life from the seeds which were already present on the earth; and then created man, woman, and all of the animals that we have today. As far as the dinosaurs, they were obviously a part of an earlier creation that existed on the earth millions of years before Adam was created.

Sin and death before Adam

The greatest objection to the theory of an old earth by young earth creationists, finds its source of contention in certain statements that have been made by those who view the presence of sin and death before Adam, as a threat to the sacrifice that Jesus has made for us on the cross. In their words, if we accept that an earlier creation existed on the earth before Adam, we would have to accept that sin and death also existed on the earth before Adam’s sin brought death to all men.

Bodie Hodge, Answers in Genesis:

“The Bible tells us very clearly that there was no death before sin from many passages. In fact, there are no Bible verses indicating there was death prior to sin.”[28]

According to the book of Ezekiel 28:15-18, this is not true. Lucifer sinned before Adam was created and God killed his physical body:

Ezekiel 28:15-18 You were perfect in your ways from the day you were created, Till iniquity was found in you. 16 By the abundance of your trading You became filled with violence within, And you sinned; Therefore I cast you as a profane thing Out of the mountain of God; And I destroyed you, O covering cherub, From the midst of the fiery stones. 17 Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty; You corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor; I cast you to the ground, I laid you before kings, That they might gaze at you. 18 You defiled your sanctuaries By the multitude of your iniquities, By the iniquity of your trading; Therefore I brought fire from your midst; It devoured you, And I turned you to ashes upon the earth In the sight of all who saw you.

The Hebrew word used here for destroy is wā·’ab·beḏ·ḵā, to kill or make perish.[29] The text here is clear that God killed Lucifer’s physical body upon his fall and subsequent judgement. Retaining his spirit, we see him present as satan in the Garden of Eden, having possessed the body of a serpent—speaking to Eve. Much in the same way that the angels who sinned, were also killed—their spirits being chained in hell where they are held until the final judgement.[30]

2 Peter 2:4 For if God did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast them down to hell and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment.

Jude 6 And the angels who did not keep their proper domain, but left their own abode, He has reserved in everlasting chains under darkness for the judgment of the great day.

According to John D. Morris, Ph.d, Institute for Creation Research, if we embrace sin and death before Adam, we invalidate the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross:

“But here is the problem. If death existed before Adam, then death is not the penalty for sin. How, then, did Christ’s death pay the penalty for our sin? If death is not tied to Adam’s sin, then life is not tied to Christ’s death and resurrection, and the Christian faith is all in vain.”[31]

When did Lucifer fall?

If the Universe was created by God about 13.7 billion years ago and the earth had a former creation that was destroyed at the fall of Lucifer, then this would give greater clarity to when Lucifer’s fall took place and what happened during that fall. I see no danger to the Christian gospel which declares that Jesus died to redeem the descendants of Adam, if there was a former creation that also fell into sin before Adam was created by God. In fact, this would define the salvation work of Jesus for the descendants of Adam as even more unique and amazing—for no other creation is ever described as having the Son of God die for their sins.

If there were other beings on the earth prior to Adam, it is certain that none of these other fallen beings had a plan of salvation offered to them—only Adam and his descendants. We know that when the angels fell, there was no offer of redemption presented to them by God. If there were other beings who also lived on the earth before man, who fell into sin and were destroyed—without being offered a plan of redemption, this would define the salvation offered to us by Jesus’ death and resurrection as even more wonderful and distinctive than it would have been, if we were the only beings who have ever lived on the earth.

Once again: no other creation has been given the Son of God to die for their sins, except the descendants of Adam.

The sacrifice that Jesus made on the cross was for the descendants of Adam, not for angels, or any other creation that may have lived on the earth prior to Adam. Jesus sacrifice fully paid for the sins of all human beings by His death upon the cross. Whatever may have happened on the earth in the past could not possibly invalidate or diminish the great sacrifice which Jesus made for all of us.

The fact that sin and death existed before Adam should be obvious since Lucifer fell into sin and was killed physically by God (destroyed) long before Adam was created.

The angels existed long before Adam

Job describes the angels being present at the original creation of the earth, before God created Adam—this would include Lucifer.

Job 38:4 Job, Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding. … When the angels sang together, And all the sons of God shouted for joy?

Even if we placed Lucifer in the garden on the first day of Genesis 1:3, he sinned and died before Adam is created on the sixth day. Therefore, sin and death existed before Adam was created. Verse 16 of Ezekiel 28 describes God as destroying Lucifer at his fall.[32]

Obviously, sin had occurred in Lucifer before Adam was created. All of the scriptures from the books of 1 Corinthians and Romans that speak of Adam’s sin, bringing death to all men, are applicable to Adam only. They do not speak of any creation that may have been present before Adam.

What is important to note in regards to this 138th prophecy is that David is writing about the Messiah who is the source of the universe. The singularity referred to as the Big Bang was an act of Jesus as the Creator, described in Genesis 1:1, Romans Chapter 1, Hebrews Chapter 1, and Colossians Chapter 1. See also Prophecy 1 for a discussion on the creation of the universe.

Both David (in Psalms 102:25-27) and Paul (in Hebrews Chapter 1) refer to the Messiah as being the Creator of the heavens and the earth.

David calls Jesus “God;” Paul calls Him “The Son.”

When Paul wrote to the church at Colosse, he taught the believers there that Jesus is the One who created, sustained, and holds all things together in the universe.

Colossians 1:16-17 For by Jesus all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist.

We therefore should understand that the “God” spoken of in Psalms 102:25-27, who created the universe and who is also the topic of this 138th prophecy, is the Son of God, Jesus Christ.

At the beginning of time, space, and matter, Jesus created all these things in order to bring forth an advanced creation who would be made in the image of God. Paul uses nearly identical language in describing Jesus in Hebrews 1:8-12 that David also uses in speaking of God in Psalms 102:25-27. The persons described by both writers are one and the same.

[1] Dr. Torsten Enblin, “Planck reveals an almost perfect Universe”. Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. Retrieved 3 June 2013
[2] Thomas O. Lambdin. (1971). Introduction to Biblical Hebrew. Darton,Longman and Todd Ltd. ISBN 978-0-232-51369-1.
[3] 1.Rotherham’s Emphasized Bible translates the passage “Now the earth had become waste…” The Authorized Version says, “without form and void”; the American Revised, “waste and void”; the Chaldee Version, “But the earth had become desert and empty”; the Aramaic Version, “And the earth had become ruined and uninhabited”; and the Septuagint Version, “But the earth had become unfurnished and empty.”
2.Translations from the Septuagint and Chaldee.
There are three stages of Jerome’s work of Scripture Translation. The first is during his stay at Rome, a.d. 382-385, when he translated only from the Greek-the New Testament from the Greek mss., and the Book of Psalms from the LXX. The second is the period immediately after his settlement at Bethlehem, when he translated still from the LXX., but marked with obeli and asterisks the passages in which that version differed from the Hebrew: the third from a.d. 390-404, in which he translated directly from the Hebrew. The work of the second period is that which is now before us. The whole of the Old Testament was translated from the LXX. (see his Apology, book ii. c. 24), but most of it was lost during his lifetime (see Letters CXXXIV. (end) and CXVI. 34 (in Augustin Letter, 62)).
[4] Ibid.
[5] Ibid.
[6] The Blue Letter Bible Lexicon
[7] Ibid.
[8] Chagigah 12a
[9] Ibid.
[10] Louis Finkelstein, “Akiba: Scholar, Saint, and Martyr.” New York: Covici, Friede, 1936.
[11] Tosef., Ber. iv. 12.
[12] Avot deRabbi Natan chapter 18
[13] Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary; the definition of the Latin term: “terminus a quo,” circa, 1555.
[14] From the Pulpit Commentary, Verse 1. – In the beginning, Bereshith, is neither “from eternity,” as in John 1:1; nor “in wisdom” (Chaldee paraphrase), as if parallel with Proverbs 3:19 and Psalm 104:24; nor “by Christ,” who, in Colossians 1:18, is denominated ἀρχὴ; but “at the commencement of time.” Without indicating when the beginning was, the expression intimates that the beginning was. Exodus 20:11 seems to imply that this was the initiation of the first day’s work. The formula, “And God said,” with which each day opens, rather points to ver. 3 as its proper terminus a quo, which the beginning absolute may have antedated by an indefinite period.
[15] Audrey Bouvier, Meenakshi Wadhwa (2010). “The age of the solar system redefined by the oldest Pb-Pb age of a meteoritic inclusion”. Nature Geoscience 3: 637–641
[16] Lawson, Russell M. (2004). Science in the Ancient World: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 29–30. ISBN 1851095349
[17] Galileo Galilei (1564–1642). BBC. Retrieved 2006-03-22.
[18] Croswell, K. (2008). “Milky Way keeps tight grip on its neighbor”. New Scientist (2669): 8
[19] Leong, S. (2002). “Period of the Sun’s Orbit around the Galaxy (Cosmic Year)”. The Physics Factbook. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
[20] Claire Cameron Patterson (1956). “Age of meteorites and the earth”. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 10 (4): 230–237.
[21] 1. Wilde, S. A.; Valley, J. W.; Peck, W. H.; Graham C. M. (2001-01-11). “Evidence from detrital zircons for the existence of continental crust and oceans on the Earth 4.4 Gyr ago”. Nature 409 (6817): 175–178. doi:10.1038/35051550. PMID 11196637.
2. Valley, John W.; Peck, William H.; Kin, Elizabeth M. (1999). “Zircons Are Forever”. The Outcrop, Geology Alumni Newsletter. University of Wisconsin-Madison. pp. 34–35. Retrieved 2008-12-22.
3. Wyche, S.; Nelson, D. R.; Riganti, A. (2004). “4350–3130 Ma detrital zircons in the Southern Cross Granite–Greenstone Terrane, Western Australia: implications for the early evolution of the Yilgarn Craton”. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 51 (1): 31–45. doi:10.1046/j.1400-0952.2003.01042.x
[22] 1. A. Bonanno; H. Schlattl; I. Paternò, (2008). “The age of the Sun and the relativistic corrections in the EOS”. Astronomy and Astrophysics 390 (3): 1115–1118.
2. J. Baker; M. Bizzarro; N. Wittig, N; J. Connelly; H. Haack (2005-08-25). “Early planetesimal melting from an age of 4.5662 for differentiated meteorites”. Nature 436 (7054): 1127–1131.
[23] 1. Y. Melin; A. Krot; I. Hutcheon; A. Ulyanov (Sep 2002). “Lead isotopic ages of chondrules and calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions”. Science 297 (5587): 1678–83. Bibcode:2002Sci…297.1678A. doi:10.1126/science.1073950. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 12215641.
2. J. Baker; M. Bizzarro; N. Wittig, N; J. Connelly; H. Haack (2005-08-25). “Early planetesimal melting from an age of 4.5662 for differentiated meteorites”. Nature 436 (7054): 1127–1131
[24] Ibid, S. Wilde, John W. Valley, S. Nelson Wyche.
[25] 1. Noonan J. P (May 2010). “Neanderthal genomics and the evolution of modern humans”. Genome Res. 20 (5): 547–53. doi:10.1101/gr.076000.108. PMC 2860157. PMID 20439435.
2. Reich D, Green RE, Kircher M, et al. (December 2010). “Genetic history of an archaic hominin group from Denisova Cave in Siberia”. Nature 468 (7327): 1053–60. Bibcode:2010Natur.468.1053R. doi:10.1038/nature09710. PMID 21179161.
3. Abi-Rached, L; Jobin, M. J.; Kulkarni, S.; McWhinnie, A.; Dalva, K.; Gragert, L.; Babrzadeh, F.; Gharizadeh, B. et al. (2011-08-25.
[26] As determined by the Genealogies that are listed in the Bible.
[27] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_human_evolution_fossils
[28] Answers in Genesis, Bodie Hodge, March 2, 2010: http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/2010/03/02/satan-the-fall-good-evil-could-death-exist-before-sin
[29] Strong’s Hebrew #6, to Destroy, cause the death or perish.
[30] Expositor’s Bible Commentary, 2 Peter 2:4, “The most common interpretation is to relate the judgment Peter speaks of with the mention of angels in Genesis 6:1- 4 (where “sons of God” apparently means “fallen angels”; cf. Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:7).”
[31] Institute For Creation Research, John D. Morris: Article, “Death Before Sin.” http://www.icr.org/article/18303/
[32] Ezekiel 28:16, The Hebrew word used here is wā·’ab·beḏ·ḵā, to kill or make perish. Strong’s Hebrew #6, to Destroy, cause the death or perish.

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