152: Psalms 132:13-18


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365 Prophecies: Prophecy 152

Jerusalem will be the dwelling place of the Messiah, from where He shall reign upon David’s throne over the whole earth forever.

Old Testament Prediction:

Psalms 132:13-18 For the LORD has chosen Zion; He has desired it for His dwelling place: “This is My resting place forever; Here I will dwell, for I have desired it. I will abundantly bless her provision; I will satisfy her poor with bread. I will also clothe her priests with salvation, And her saints shall shout aloud for joy. There I will make the horn of David grow; I will prepare a lamp for My Anointed. His enemies I will clothe with shame, But upon Himself His crown shall flourish.”

New Testament Fulfillment:

Luke 1:30-33 Then the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bring forth a Son, and shall call His name JESUS. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end.”

Matthew 22:41-45 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?” They said to Him, “The Son of David.” He said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying: “The LORD said to my Lord, ‘Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool’ ”? If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his Son?”

Romans 1:3-4 concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh, and declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.

Revelation 22:16 “I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, the Bright and Morning Star.”

Application:

The prophecy of Psalms 132:13-18, describes a future descendant of David who will be the Messiah. He will rule the world from Zion (Jerusalem) as He is anointed (consecrated) by God through the horn (power) of David. This prediction is fulfilled in the New Testament as Jesus is designated as the object of David’s prophecy who receives the throne of His father David, reigning over a kingdom with no end.

Luke 1:32-33 “… the Lord God will give Jesus the throne of His father David. And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end.”

The Lord has made it a point on sixteen occasions, to describe the Messiah as the Son of David. The objective of this repeated emphasis, is to make His identity certain for the leaders of Israel once He arrives in Jerusalem.

The primary manner in which Messiah could be recognized was through His genealogy. Any person who would claim to be the Savior would have to prove that He is descended from David. For this reason, God was careful to make sure that the genealogies of Jesus were detailed and specific.

Matthew 1:1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David…

For a detailed list of the prophecies that speak of the Messiah as a descendant of David, read the chapter in this book: The Messiah will be the Son of David.

The importance of genealogies

It is well known in the study of antiquity that the Jews kept impeccable records for the genealogies of their citizens. Unless a man could prove by his lineage that he was of pure Jewish descent, he forfeited his right to be called a Jew and a member of God’s chosen people. We see an indication of this importance in the autobiography of Flavius Josephus, the most famous of all Jewish historians. In establishing himself as an authority in the history of the Jews, Josephus first confirms his genealogy.

“Thus have I set down the genealogy of my family as I have found in the public records.”[1]

In matters of the priesthood, before any man could be approved to serve in the Temple, he had to provide proof of his genealogy all the way back to Aaron. If he was married, his wife would also have to prove that she was a Jew by genealogy, back five generations.

When the Jews were released from Babylon to return to Jerusalem, Ezra records that upon a search of the genealogies of the Jews, there were certain men who were unable to prove their descendancy from Aaron and were therefore, excluded from serving as priests in the Temple

Ezra 2:1 Now these are the people of the province who came back from the captivity, of those who had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away to Babylon, and who returned to Jerusalem and Judah, everyone to his own city.

Habaiah, the children of Koz, and the sons of Barzillai, were disqualified because their names could not be found in the registration of those of Israel

Ezra 2:59-62 And these were the ones who came up from Tel Melah, Tel Harsha, Cherub, Addan, and Immer; but they could not identify their father’s house or their genealogy, whether they were of Israel: 60 the sons of Delaiah, the sons of Tobiah, and the sons of Nekoda, six hundred and fifty-two; 61 and of the sons of the priests: the sons of Habaiah, the sons of Koz, and the sons of Barzillai, who took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called by their name.62 These sought their listing among those who were registered by genealogy, but they were not found; therefore they were excluded from the priesthood as defiled.

It is possible to miss the subtlety of an extremely important point when looking at the genealogy of Jesus. After the Jews returned from 70 years of captivity in Babylon, many men had great difficulty in proving their ancestry. It is impressive and quite remarkable that Jesus was able to validate His genealogy all the way back to Adam, through David, and Abraham.[2]

No man could possibly establish himself as the Messiah, without a valid lineal record that could be found in the Temple archives. God made specific predictions in the Old Testament that emphatically set forth requirements for the Savior to be a descendant of certain key men who exemplified the characteristics that He required of the Redeemer.

Since salvation is by grace through faith, the Messiah must come from Abraham. Because God was searching for a man after His own heart, the Savior must be a descendant of David. In as much as the Messiah would come as the second Adam to remove the sting of sin and death for all people, He must be a human being like us, who came from Adam.

Any serious candidate for Messiah had to prove His ancestry from these three men or it was impossible that He could be the “Mashiach ben David” (The Messiah, a descendant of David).[3]

The 365 Prophecies of the Messiah found in this book, specifically describe a human descendant of Adam, Abraham and David. The New Testament narrative of Jesus, documented by the men who were witnesses of His words and deeds, prove that He has fulfilled all the requirements established by God.

The astounding fact that Jesus can trace His lineage all the way back to Adam is sufficient proof to demonstrate that He was dying for every human being.

Proven the Messiah, by history

A detail of antiquity which demonstrates that only Jesus could meet these strict requirements established by correct genealogy, is found in the account of Flavius Josephus in describing Israel’s history.

Josephus records that when the Roman General, Titus, came to take Jerusalem in 70 A.D., he gave the leaders of the Sanhedrin the opportunity to surrender peacefully. Upon their stubborn refusal, Titus announced that once he had taken the city, he would show them no mercy.

“That he would henceforth spare nobody, but fight them with his whole army; and that they must save themselves as well as they could; for that he would from henceforth treat them according to the laws of war. So he gave orders to the soldiers both to burn and to plunder the city; who did nothing indeed that day; but on the next day they set fire to the repository of the archives, to Acra, to the council house, and to the place called Ophlas…”[4]

Josephus notes that Titus ordered the repository of the archives to be burned, which contained all of the birth records of the Jews. Since that day in 70 A.D., no man could prove that He was qualified to be the Messiah by the correct genealogy. Just 35 years earlier, Jesus had already proven by His lineage described in Prophecy 151, that He was descended from the men that God required in order for Him to be qualified as the Savior.

The sovereignty of God in controlling history

It is apparent that the Lord moved Titus to order the burning of every genealogical record of the Jews for the sole purpose of demonstrating to Israel and the world, that the Messiah He had promised had already arrived, no others need apply.

Titus stated that he believed his victory over the Jews was not due to his own strength, but that God had designated him as an instrument of His judgement against Israel.[5]

“After [Vespasian’s son] Titus had taken Jerusalem, and when the country all round was filled with corpses, the neighboring races offered him a crown; but he disclaimed any such honor to himself, saying that it was not himself that had accomplished this exploit, but that he had merely lent his arms to God, who had so manifested his wrath.”[6]

This is an astonishing declaration by one of the prominent Generals of the Roman Empire. At some point in the taking of Jerusalem, Titus became impressed that his victory was being directed by a power greater than his own. This is a validation from the words of secular history that even the leader of nations who did not believe in or serve the God of Israel, were aware of His great power and ability to fulfill all His prophetic word.

We remember that Jesus had warned the leaders of of Israel that because they had rejected Him as their Messiah, their nation would be left a desolation. This prediction of Jesus was later fulfilled to the letter, as detailed in his 12th prophecy.

The words of Jesus fulfilled

It is interesting that Jesus pronounced judgment on the Jews, because they had failed to recognize the day of visitation by the Messiah.

Luke 19:41-44 Now as Jesus drew near Jerusalem, He saw the city and wept over it,42 saying, “If you had known, even you, especially in this your day, the things that make for your peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes. 43 For days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment around you, surround you and close you in on every side, 44 and level you, and your children within you, to the ground; and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not know the time of your visitation.”

Their house will be left desolate:

Matthew 23:37-38 “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing! 38 See! Your house is left to you desolate…”

Only 38 years after Jesus declared that Jerusalem would be left in utter desolation, Titus came and destroyed the city, the Temple, and all the records that could prove that anyone was qualified to be the Messiah.

In Jesus 13th Prediction He told the leaders of Israel that during the taking of Jerusalem, the Jews will be scattered over the face of the earth.

Luke 21:24 And they (those in Jerusalem and Judea, vs 20-21) will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.

The Siege of Jerusalem by Titus

Josephus, describes the destruction of Jerusalem, in which 1.1 million Jews were killed by the Roman soldiers under Titus leadership. Another 97,000 were taken as captives of war. Thousands more were sold as slaves, with million of Jews being dispersed all over the world. This entire event is recorded in Josephus’ record of Israel from that period of history called, The Wars of the Jews, Book 5 Chapter 22 Sections 1-3.[7]

Jesus warned His disciples ahead of time to flee Jerusalem before the siege began. He told them to watch for this sign:

“When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is near. Then let those in Judea flee to the mountains, let those who are in the midst of her depart, and let not those who are in the country enter her. For these are the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled… There will be great distress in the land and wrath upon this people. And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled” (Luke 21:20-24).

The Jews who had believed in Jesus as their Messiah evacuated Jerusalem after its first siege in 66 A.D. and ahead of the final Roman siege of 70 A.D. Just as Jesus had predicted, there was a massive slaughter of those who remained in Jerusalem and did not believe what He had said. [8]

Titus, who later became the Emperor, came with his second in command, Tiberius Julius Alexander. Titus brought his army to the western side of Jerusalem: Three legions of soldier from 5th Macedonica, 12th Fulminata, and 15th Apollinaris. On the east side of Jerusalem, he brought 10th Fretenis, near the Mount of Olives.[9]

The strategy was simple:

Titus cut off the food and water supplies to Jerusalem and starved the people into submission.

Many people died of extreme hunger during this siege, as food supplies of the Jews inside the city of Jerusalem were depleted. Some people resorted to eating the flesh of their dead in order to survive. This was in fulfillment of the prophecy of Zechariah 11:9, “Let those that are left eat each other’s flesh.”

During Passover, Titus allowed the pilgrims to enter the city to celebrate Passover, but then refused to allow them to depart. A few attacks by the Jews on the Roman soldiers killed some of Titus’ men. In an insightful move by Titus, he dispatched his men to bring the Jewish historian Josephus to the city, to try and reason with the Jews to surrender peacefully. Instead the Jews put an arrow into Josephus, viewing him as a traitor for seeking the surrender of Jerusalem to the Romans.[10]

In one of the attacks by the Jews, Titus was nearly killed.

About the middle of May, 70 A.D., Titus ordered the construction of a siege wall all around the city of Jerusalem and destroyed the newly built third wall with a battering ram. The Antonia Fortress of Herod was taken just north of the Temple Mount. As fighting ensued inside Jerusalem, the Jews were forced into the Temple, as a second attempt at negotiating a cease fire failed.[11]

One of the Roman soldiers threw a burning spear into the wall of the Temple, setting it on fire. Titus did not plan to destroy the temple, but we should remember that Jesus had predicted that not one stone of the temple would be left upon another, when He pronounced judgement on the Jews for their rejection of Him as the Messiah. Titus had planned to take the Temple and turn it into a Roman temple, dedicated to the Roman emperor. The fire spread throughout the Temple building and quickly destroyed the entire structure.[12]

As the fire accelerated into an intense heat, the Jews trapped inside the Holy Place were burned alive. The gold that lined the entire inner structure of the Holy Place melted and ran into the cracks of the foundation stones. In their greed, the Roman soldiers—seeing the melted gold now cooled, and laying between the stones of the temple—pried up one stone after another until the Temple was obliterated. In this way, the literal words of Jesus, “not one stone shall be left upon another,” was fulfilled.

[13]
Stones cast down from Titus destruction of the Temple

On “Tisha B’Av, August 9th of 70 A.D., the Temple was destroyed. By September 7th, 70 A.D., Jerusalem was completely under control of the Romans. History records that the first temple was also destroyed by the Babylonians on the same date, August 9th of 586 B.C.[14]

Although this prophecy was fulfilled in 70 A.D. by the Roman siege on Jerusalem and the burning of the temple, there appears to also be a later fulfillment of this same prophecy. During the midway point of the seven-year Tribulation, the antichrist will come against Jerusalem to destroy the Jews, and they will also flee the city for what many believe to be—Petra. See Prophecy 312.

For more information, see the chapter in this book: The Predictions of Jesus.


[1] Flavius Josephus, The Life of Flavius Josephus, p. 1
[2] William Barclay, The Gospel of Matthew, Vol. 1, p. 12.
[3] John Lightfoot, A Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica, Vol. 2, pp. 8–9
[4] Flavius Josephus, The Wars of the Jews, Book 6, Chap. 6, Sec. 3
[5] Philostratus, The Life of Apollonius of Tyana 6.29, Translated by F.C. Conybeare. http://www.livius.org/ap-ark/apollonius/life/va_6_26.html#%A729.
[6] Ibid.
[7] 1. Flavius Josephus. The Wars of the Jews or History of the Destruction of Jerusalem. Containing The Interval Of About Three Years. From The Taking Of Jerusalem By Titus To The Sedition At Cyrene. Book V Chapter 22, sections 1-3.
2. Flavius Josephus. The Wars of the Jews or History of the Destruction of Jerusalem. BOOK VI. Containing The Interval Of About One Month. From The Great Extremity To Which The Jews Were Reduced To The Taking Of Jerusalem By Titus.. Book VI. Chapter 1.1.
[8] Levick, Barbara (1999). Vespasian. London: Routledge, pp. 116–119. ISBN 0-415-16618-7
[9] Ibid.
[10] Flavius Josephus. The Wars of the Jews or History of the Destruction of Jerusalem. BOOK VI. Containing The Interval Of About One Month. From The Great Extremity To Which The Jews Were Reduced To The Taking Of Jerusalem By Titus.. Book VI. Chapter 1.1.
[11] Ibid.
[12] Ibid.
[13] Released by Author into Public Domain: This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. Information from its description page there is shown below. Commons is a freely licensed media file repository Stones from the Western Wall of the Temple Mount (Jerusalem) thrown onto the street by Roman soldiers on the Ninth of Av, 70 C.E. Source=Own work by uploader |Author=Wilson44691 |Date=2009-05-27 |P
[14] Ibid.

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