Son Of God
In preparing the material for this book, and in doing the research necessary to compile these hundreds of prophecies into one comprehensive story, I was confronted with many of the difficulties that people have with Jesus. First, among many Jews; is their objection that Jesus claimed to be the Son of God. This surprised me since I discovered that the Hebrew scriptures contain no less than seven prophecies which described the Messiah as the Son of God.
This first prophecy, from 2 Samuel 7:14, is one that is well known amongst many Jews. There are varying differences of opinion related to whether or not this verse is actually about the Messiah or David describing his son, Solomon.
2 Samuel 7:14 “I will be his Father, and he shall be My son.”
New Testament Fulfillment:
The narrative of Luke describes the conception of Jesus by the Holy Spirit and calls Him the Son of the Highest, literally—the Son of God.
Luke 1:31-32 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bring forth a Son, and shall call His name JESUS. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David.
Hebrews 1:5 For to which of the angels did He ever say: “You are My Son, Today I have begotten You”? And again: “I will be to Him a Father, And He shall be to Me a Son”?
I Will Build You A House
Chapter 7 of 2 Samuel, begins with David at rest in his own house. He realizes that while he lives in a beautiful home, the Lord dwells in a tent. David determines that He will build a house for God. Instead, the Lord tells David, “I will build you a house.”
This chapter of 2 Samuel is widely accepted by many scholars, the Midrash and the Qumran, as Messianic. With this in mind, it is certain that the house that God is going to build for David is a line of descendants that will result in the arrival of the Messiah. We see an indication of this from the New Testament, Gospel of Luke:
Luke 2:4 Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David…
God promised Abraham that his future descendant would be the Son that was promised to David in this prophecy from 2 Samuel chapter 7:14. Jesus is revealed to us as the intended fulfillment of this promise in Luke chapter 2:4.
In the four gospels, Jesus used the term My Father on 51 occasions as He described His unique relationship with God. At the same time, Jesus defined our relationship with God by the phrase, your Father. We see this difference in designation as He speaks to Mary Magdalene in John chapter 20.
John 20:17 Jesus said to her, … “I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My God and your God.”
Jesus did not say that He was ascending to our Father; He said your Father. Then He said that He was ascending to My God and your God. In this statement, we can see that Jesus believed that His relationship with God was different from ours; His was that of a Son—who is equal to God.
Matthew 10:32-33 “Therefore whoever confesses Me before men, him I will also confess before My Father who is in heaven. 33 But whoever denies Me before men, him I will also deny before My Father who is in heaven.”
John 10:30 “I and My Father are one.”
John 14:11 “Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father in Me.”
From the moment that Jesus was announced as the Messiah at Jerusalem, He taught His disciples to refer to God as our Father—clearly making a distinction between His own unique relationship with God as His Son—equal to God, and our relationship to Him, as His children.
The Jews were offended by Jesus’ statement that God was His Father. They understood that Jesus was claiming equality with God. This fact should have come as no surprise to the chief Priests and Pharisees since the Book of 2 Samuel 7:14 makes it clear that when the Messiah comes into the world, He will be the Son of God.
“I will be his Father, and he shall be My son.”
If God Were to Speak To Us, What Would He Say?
Chapter 1 of Hebrews declares that God has Spoken. Unfortunately, man for the most part, has not been listening.
Hebrews 1:1 Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. (ESV)
The problem for man has always been that God has not spoken to him in a way that he wants to hear. Instead of just listening to the voice of God, as He has already revealed Himself, mankind is constantly trying to define God by human terms and by human understanding. Man has created literally hundreds of religions to try and speak for God.
The Book of Hebrews declares that God Has Spoken. He doesn’t need man’s help to speak for Him. Of the estimated 4,200 religions of the world, only one does not try to speak for God. Instead, this group allows God to speak for Himself. This single company of people base their entire existence on what God has already declared in the Bible. They follow and serve the person known as Jesus, because the Bible declares Him to be the Son of God and only Savior of the world.
Within the thousands of religions, only one reveals God in the way that He has described Himself. The Bible is the revelation of God to man. Holy men were called by God to record His words, which reveals who He is and how every person can have a relationship with Him. The Bible reveals, through predictive and fulfilled prophecy, that a Messiah will come to the earth who will make this personal relationship with God possible. Those who follow the Messiah or Christ are called Christians.
The Book of Hebrews claims that only one man is qualified to speak for God. Of all the men and women who have claimed to reveal God, only one man has successfully revealed God in the same way that He has revealed Himself in the Bible.
One day, Phillip made a request of Jesus: Show us the Father. In other words: “Show us what God is like.”
John 14:9 Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you so long, and yet you have not known Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; so how can you say, ‘Show us the Father’?”
Jesus claimed that He and God were one and the same. Jesus said: He who has seen me, has seen the Father.
In just 33 1/2 years, Jesus proved that He is the only one qualified to speak for God. He demonstrated this by fulfilling all of the Old Testament prophecies which reveal who the Messiah is. Only Jesus showed us what God is like; what God has to say; what He has done; and what He will do in the future. Jesus proved that He is the only one qualified to speak on behalf of God by demonstrating that He is Himself, God. Jesus proved His identity—beyond a doubt, when He rose from the dead; three days after He was crucified.
Jesus As Creator
Jesus is described by the Bible as the One who created the heavens and the earth at the beginning, in Genesis 1:1.
Colossians 1:16-17 For by Jesus all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth…
This prophecy from 2 Samuel 7:14, describes the Messiah—with God as His Father. This means that the Messiah will Himself be God. The Book of Hebrews establishes the certainty that Jesus is God and that He is the Son of God.
Hebrews 1:3 (Jesus), who being the 1. brightness of His glory and 2. the express image of His person, and 3. upholding all things by the word of His power, when 4. He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high…
1. Jesus is the “the Brightness of His Glory.”
From the Greek words: Apaugasma tees Doxees, – The Outshining of the Glory of God. This is the same expression that would be used to describe the shining of the sun. Jesus is the literal Glory of God Himself in all of His outshining Glory.
1 Timothy 6:15-16 …the King of kings and Lord of lords, who alone has immortality, dwelling in unapproachable light, whom no man has seen or can see, to whom be honor and everlasting power.
2. Jesus is the “Express Image of God.”
In Greek: “The Hupostaseoos” – the Character of God’s Substance which makes God who He is. Jesus has the exact character, nature, and image of God. Jesus is a perfect representation of what God is like. The idea behind this Greek word, Hupostaseoos, comes from the imprint that a seal would leave after being pressed into wax. Jesus is an exact imprint of God. He is the exact image and essence of what the Father is. Even so, Jesus is Himself a totally separate and distinct person.
3. Jesus is upholding all things by the Word of His Power.
Jesus spoke: In the Beginning God Created the Heavens and the Earth, and all things were created from nothing. Jesus speaks and everything in the universe is sustained and held together by His Words. (Can He not also, hold your life together?)
4. Jesus had, by Himself, purged our sins.
The English word: Purged in the Bible, was translated from the original Greek words di autou. In the Old Testament, when an animal was brought as a sacrifice for sins, those sins were only covered, or kofar, in the Hebrew language. When Jesus made His one sacrifice for the sins of every person who has been born on the earth, He purged (di autou) those sins; caused them to cease to exist forever. Jesus’ death and resurrection allows those who believe in His sacrifice for their sins, to be viewed by God as perfect—as if they had never sinned.
The true Identity Of Jesus Christ
The Bible explicitly defines Jesus as the Eternal God who created all things. Jesus made His life a sacrifice for our sins, by His death on the cross, and then raised Himself from the dead, three days later.
The Father calls Jesus “God”
Hebrews 1:8 But to the Son He says: “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom.”
Here, the Father describes his Son as “God.” If there was ever any doubt as to whether the Bible defines Jesus as an ordinary man or as God—dwelling in the body of a man, this is one of the most compelling verses of scripture.
Many Bible critics claim that “Jesus, Himself, never claimed to be God.” The following are a few of the verses of scripture found in the Bible where Jesus is clearly described as God.
The Sunday morning after Jesus has risen from the Dead, Thomas declares that Jesus is “Lord and God.” Jesus does not dispute this declaration, He receives the title of Lord and God from Thomas without correcting Him. If Jesus was not both Lord and God and He allowed men to worship Him with these titles, He would be committing blasphemy and make Himself worthy of death.
John 20:19-29 Then, the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and said to them, “Peace be with you.” When He had said this, He showed them His hands and His side. Then the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord. Now Thomas, called the Twin, one of the twelve, was not with them when Jesus came. The other disciples therefore said to him, “We have seen the Lord.” So he said to them, “Unless I see in His hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe.” And after eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, “Peace to you!” Then He said to Thomas, “Reach your finger here, and look at My hands; and reach your hand here, and put it into My side. Do not be unbelieving, but believing.” And Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God!” Jesus said to him, “Thomas, because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.”
The prophecy of Isaiah 9:6, describes a Son (who) will be given and His name will be called; Mighty God.
Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Titus encourages every believer to be waiting and watching for the appearing of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ.
Titus 2:13 looking for the blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ…
The Jews picked up stones to kill Jesus because He had claimed to be God.
John 10:32-33 Jesus answered them, “Many good works I have shown you from My Father. For which of those works do you stone Me?” The Jews answered Him, saying, “For a good work we do not stone You, but for blasphemy, and because You, being a Man, make Yourself God.”
Paul declares that all things were made by Jesus Christ and that He existed forever, before all things.
Colossians 1:16 For by Jesus all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist.
Since Jesus is the source of all creation, it is He that Moses is describing in the first chapter and verse of the Bible.
Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
The Origin Of Jesus
Before time began, before the earth was created, before anything was made; Jesus was already in existence.
John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
If all things were created by Jesus, then He cannot be Created; He is therefore, God.
It is important to understand, preeminently; that Jesus is God and the Creator of the universe. Without a correct understanding of Jesus true identity as God, it is impossible to understand what He has said and done in the New Testament scriptures. In order to make it possible for us to obtain the forgiveness of our sins and have eternal life, Jesus had to do something that is absolutely amazing:
The Son Became A Servant
The eternal God who is Spirit, who has no beginning and no end, in order to make our salvation possible; would have to permanently take the body of a human being and become one of us. For Jesus to become a man, He had to set aside some of His rights and privileges as God and make Himself a servant to the Father. Although Jesus is God and equal to the Father; He chose to allow evil men to brutalize Him and put Him to death, in order to take the penalty for all sins, for all time. In this way, God could offer to every person, the right to have all their moral failures expunged from their record. Literally, Jesus took our sins and became sin for us.
According to the word of God, everyone who believes this is given the right to become the Children of God.
There are many examples of Jesus, as a servant, throughout the four gospels. The most vivid description of this principle, is seen in Paul’s letter to the church at Philippi. See the chapter: Coming as a Servant, for an in-depth discussion of this subject.
Philippians 2:6-8 Jesus, who, being in the form of God, did not consider it something to be retained, to be equal with God, but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men. And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross. (RCR)
John 5:30 (Jesus Speaking) I can of Myself do nothing. As I hear, I judge; and My judgment is righteous, because I do not seek My own will but the will of the Father who sent Me.
Hebrews 10:5-7 Therefore, when Jesus came into the world, He said: “Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, But a body You have prepared for Me. In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You had no pleasure.” Then I said, “Behold, I have come—In the volume of the book it is written of Me— To do Your will, O God.”
One of the biggest stumbling points for the Jews today in believing that Jesus is the promised Messiah, is His claim to be the Son of God. It is their closely guarded belief that when the Messiah comes, He will be just a man like Moses. It would certainly be acceptable to believe this if the entire Bible had not clearly defined the Messiah as the Son of God, long before He ever came to earth as Jesus (the) Christ.
A Valid Conclusion
The body of scriptures found in the Old and New testaments, prove that the Messiah will be God in human flesh. He is clearly identified as Jesus Christ, by the things that He has said and done—which fulfill over 400 Prophecies of the Hebrew Scriptures.
The fulfillment of this prophecy from 2 Samuel 7:14 is observed by the titles and descriptions of Jesus that He ascribes to Himself—as well as those given to Him by the many witnesses who recorded His words and actions in the narrative of the New Testament.
A Preeminent Proof For Jesus As The Son Of God
The balance of this chapter is dedicated to the prophecies from the Hebrew scriptures that define the Messiah as the “Son of God.”
The Messiah will call God His Father and be known as The Son of God by the Father.
Old Testament Prediction:
1 Chronicles 17:13 “I will be his Father, and he shall be My son…”
New Testament Fulfillment
Matthew 3:17 “And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”
Hebrews 1:1-2 God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son…
Hebrews 1:5 For to which of the angels did He ever say: “You are My Son…”
Hebrews 1:8 But to the Son He says: “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever…”
The Son Of God
Forty-nine times in the Gospels, Jesus calls God: “My Father.”
Matthew 26:53 Or do you think that I cannot now pray to My Father, and He will provide Me with more than twelve legions of angels?
Jesus did not call God His Father in the same way that we would call Him “Father.” When we refer to God as our “Heavenly Father,” we understand that we are speaking as one of His created beings who love, worship, and adore God.
When Jesus calls God, My Father, He means that He and the Father are one and the same. By referring to God as My Father, Jesus meant that He came from the Father, being equal to Him. Jesus did not have His beginning at Bethlehem, He came out of eternity and has existed forever. Throughout the Bible, Jesus is referred to as the eternal Son of God. It was only at Bethlehem that He took the body of a human being, when a Body was prepared for Him.
Hebrews 10:5 Therefore, when He came into the world, He said: “Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, But a body You have prepared for Me.”
It is clear that Jesus claimed to be the eternal God, by His use of the title: Son of God. When the leaders of Israel accused Jesus of blasphemy, it was because He had claimed to be equal with God.
John 10:32 Jesus answered them, I have shown you many good works from the Father; for which of them are you going to stone me? 33 The Jews answered him, It is not for a good work that we are going to stone you but for blasphemy, because you, being a man, make yourself God. (ESV)
There are seven Old Testament prophecies which either state or allude to the fact that the Messiah will be the Son of God. The seventh, although not referring directly to the “Son,” is generally understood as a Messianic prophecy, describing the coming of God’s Son and those who are waiting for Him.
1. 2 Samuel 7:14 “I will be his Father, and he shall be My son.”
2. 1 Chronicles 17:13 “I will be his Father, and he shall be My son…”
3. Psalms 2:7 “I will declare the decree: The LORD has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have begotten You.’ ”
4. Psalms 89:26 “He shall cry to Me, ‘You are my Father, My God, and the rock of my salvation.’ ”
5. Proverbs 30:4 Who has ascended into heaven, or descended? Who has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has bound the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name, and what is His Son’s name, If you know?
6. Isaiah 9:6-7 For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God.
7. Isaiah 33:2 O LORD, be gracious to us; We have waited for You.
With such a great witness from the Hebrew scriptures that the Messiah will be the Son of God, why do so many Jews today find it impossible to believe that Jesus is the Messiah?
Clearly, it was the intention of the Old Testament scriptures to inform us that the Messiah would be God’s Son. When Jesus referred to Himself as The Son of God, He was firmly stating that He was the one to whom the Old Testament prophecies of the Bible were speaking. Which Son was Isaiah referring to in chapter 9:6-7 if not God’s Son? In the context of this verse, Isaiah writes that this Son is the Mighty God.
Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
How amazing that the eternal God, who made the heavens and the earth, cared enough for all of us that He would send His Son from heaven to come to earth and be born as a human being. The Son of God gave up everything so that we could all become the sons and daughters of God by His sacrifice and Resurrection.
Luke 20:34-36 Jesus answered and said to them, “The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage. But those who are counted worthy to attain that age, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage; nor can they die anymore, for they are equal to the angels and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection.”
1 John 3:1 Behold what manner of love the Father has bestowed on us, that we should be called children of God! Therefore the world does not know us, because it did not know Him.
Use Of The Term: “sons of God.”
The angels are a direct creation of God and therefore, they are referred to as “sons of God.” Because we have been born again by the Spirit of God, we are also a direct creation of God. For this reason, we will also be known, in all of the ages to come, as the sons and daughters of God.
There is a common error in the world today, that all human beings are the children of God. According to the Bible this is not true; only those who come to God through Jesus Christ and are born again by His Holy Spirit are designated: sons of God. There is an invitation today to every person to become one of God’s children. This is His desire and the reason that He allowed His Son to come to earth and die for our sins. Everyone who will take Jesus as their Lord and Savior will have the right to be called: the children of God.
The Messiah Will Be the Son Of God
Psalms 2:7 “I will declare the decree: The LORD has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have begotten You.’ ”
New Testament Fulfillment:
Matthew 3:16-17 When He had been baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting upon Him. And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”
Matthew 26:62-64 And the high priest arose and said to Him, “Do You answer nothing? What is it these men testify against You?” But Jesus kept silent. And the high priest answered and said to Him, “I put You under oath by the living God: Tell us if You are the Christ, the Son of God!” Jesus said to him, “It is as you said. Nevertheless, I say to you, hereafter you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven.”
Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God.”
John 3:18 “He who believes in Him is not condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.”
The Messiah Must Be The Son of God
It is a curious question why the Jewish leadership in Jerusalem at the time of Jesus’ appearance, missed the fact that their own scriptures foretold that the coming Messiah would claim to be the Son of God. When Jesus confirms that He is in fact God’s Son, the Scribes and Pharisees are both shocked and offended. If they had simply read their own scriptures and reviewed those passages which spoke of the coming Messiah, they would have understood that what Jesus was claiming, was in alignment with the requirements described by all the Hebrew scriptures.
The term Son of God, in reference to the Messiah, occurs at least 7 times in the Old Testament and 45 times in the New Testament.
Jesus determined that there would be no mistake that He was claiming to be the Son of God. John makes a specific point in his gospel to prove to us that Jesus is the Son of God.
1 John 5:13 These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, that you may know that you have eternal life, and that you may continue to believe in the name of the Son of God.
John records many occurrences where Jesus said directly that He was the Son of God and intimated this fact by referring to God as: My Father.
John 10:17 “Therefore My Father loves Me, because I lay down My life that I may take it again.”
John 10:25 Jesus answered them, “I told you, and you do not believe. The works that I do in My Father’s name, they bear witness of Me.”
John 10:29 “My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of My Father’s hand.”
Jesus claimed to have an intimate and personal relationship with the Father that no other person could claim.
John 10:15 “As the Father knows Me, even so I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep.”
It is hard to imagine why some people have stated that Jesus never claimed to be the Son of God, when we read verses of scripture such as those above, from the gospel of John.
Jesus was claiming—by the title: The Son of God, that He is equal to God. The religious leaders in Israel understood what Jesus meant by His statement: I and My Father are one.
John 10:30 “I and My Father are one.”
John 10:31-33 Then the Jews took up stones again to stone Him. Jesus answered them, “Many good works I have shown you from My Father. For which of those works do you stone Me?” The Jews answered Him, saying, “For a good work we do not stone You, but for blasphemy, and because You, being a Man, make Yourself God.”
Make no mistake—the reason that the leaders of Israel picked up stones to kill Jesus was because they believed that He had committed Blasphemy by His claim that He was the Son of God. Of course, the Pharisees were correct, this claim by any mere man was sufficient evidence to stone him to death.
Deuteronomy 17:5 then you shall bring out to your gates that man or woman who has committed that wicked thing, and shall stone to death that man or woman with stones.
The problem for the Pharisees resided in the fact that Jesus was no mere man—He is God. He proved this truth by the things that He said and did, and by the power He exhibited in raising Himself from the dead.
By referring to God repeatedly as: My Father and finally, I and My Father are one, the Jews believed that there was sufficient evidence to stone Jesus for blasphemy. The problem with their conclusions resided in the fact that they had not considered that Jesus fulfilled every prophecy of the Hebrew scriptures for the Messiah. If these men had read the Old Testament Prophecies which speak of the Messiah as the Son of God, and compared what Jesus had said, with those scriptures, they would never have sought to put Him to death.