An incorrect identification of Jesus, is one of the leading causes of false doctrine in the world today. The Bible was meant to be read by any person, and impart a basic understanding of the principles that are detailed through the scriptures. It is a different matter altogether, in comprehending the deeper details of the Hebrew and Greek scriptures. For this, a person must meet a few requirements:

First, a person must be sincere in their desire to know who God is, through a study of the Bible. If the goal is to gain information or wisdom, without seeking the God who gives this information, the knowledge acquired will be insufficient.
Second, a person must approach the scriptures with the understanding that they are not terrestrial, but come from the mind and heart of God.
Third, the entire text of a particular subject must be read to gain understanding in what is being stated.
Fourth, this text must be compared with other similar texts which describes the same subject, words, or principles.
Fifth, what is learned must be put into practice in the life of the person who reads it; otherwise one of the principle purposes of the Bible is missed: application.
Sixth, prayer must be exercised during the course of the study to ask the Holy Spirit to reveal to the reader, what is being said.
Seventh, the reader should always understand that the entire purpose of the Bible is to reveal who Jesus is; the purpose for His coming to the earth, and the Salvation of the reader as the intended result.

In this chapter, we will see that an incorrect identity of Jesus has led to critical errors, which have diminished Jesus from the grandeur of who He truly is. In every instance where Jesus has been misidentified, He is always viewed as much less that the New Testament reveals Him.

Psalm 97:9 describes the LORD as “most high above all the earth…exalted above all other gods.

Psalms 97:9 For You, LORD, are most high above all the earth; You are exalted far above all gods.

We see that Jesus fulfilled the intent of David’s Psalm in Paul’s letter to the Philippian church.

Philippians 2:6-11 (Jesus) who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men. And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross. Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

Hebrews 10:12 But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God…

Hebrews 12:2 …looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.


Once again, Psalms 97:9 is validated as a prophetic Messianic scripture by what Jesus accomplished in the New Testament. Psalms 97:9 speaks of the LORD being exalted above all gods. The Old Testament term: “LORD,” is “Yahweh.” In the New Testament Greek, Jesus is frequently referred to as “Lord,” or Yahweh.

The names of God from the Old Testament:

• El Shaddai (Lord God Almighty)
• El Elyon (The Most High God)
• Adonai (Lord, Master)
• Yahweh (Lord, Jehovah)
• Jehovah Nissi (The Lord My Banner)
• Jehovah-Raah (The Lord My Shepherd)
• Jehovah Rapha (The Lord That Heals)
• Jehovah Shammah (The Lord Is There)
• Jehovah Tsidkenu (The Lord Our Righteousness)
• Jehovah Mekoddishkem (The Lord Who Sanctifies You)
• El Olam (The Everlasting God)
• Elohim (God)
• Qanna (Jealous)
• Jehovah Jireh (The Lord Will Provide)
• Jehovah Shalom (The Lord Is Peace)
• Jehovah Sabaoth (The Lord of Hosts)

The following are three principle names for God from the Old Testament, and the number of occurrences, and their meaning:

Adonai: 434 times, 200 just in Ezekiel
Strong’s# H136
In the Septuagint: kurios, Lord, Master

• The term; Adonai is equivalent to Yahweh and Jehovah
• Singular: Adon
• Plural: Adonai

Yahweh: 6.814 times
Strong’s # H3068
In the Septuagint: kurios, Lord, Master
Also spelled: YHWH, YHVH, Jehovah

• Considered by the Jews: too Holy to speak—the name was changed to YHWH, lacking vowels, making it impossible to pronounce.
• YHWH: also called a “Tetragrammaton, 4 letters), originating from the Hebrew letters; Yud, Hay, Vav, and Hay.
• The command from Exodus 20:8; “you shall not take the Lord your God in vain,” caused the Jews of the third century to cease from pronouncing the name of God, and simply referring to Him as, Adonai, instead of Yahweh, or YHWH.

Elohim: 2,000 times
Strong’s # H430
In the Septuagint: Theos, the conventional Greek word for god, a transcendent being who exercises control sovereignly over

• Some scholars describe Elohim as originating from ‘êl.
• Other scholars believe Elohim came from ‘wl (strong).
• Additional scholars state that Elohim originated from ‘lh (god) and ‘elôah (fear).
• A few scholars describe Elohim as originating from ‘êl (elohim) and ‘eloah.

The New Testament Greek translation of Jesus as Lord, was understood by those who translated the Greek text into English, as the same person referred to in the Old Testament as Yahweh, or Jehovah. Clearly, it was the intent of the translators to convey to their readers that Jesus as the Christ, or Messiah, is the Jehovah God, and Yahweh of the Old Testament.

Further evidence of this fact is observed by the Apostle Paul when he speaks of Jesus as “God” while taking the form of a man to become a bondservant and dying for the sins the world. Because of Jesus’ faithfulness and great sacrifice, His name has been exalted above all other names on earth and in heaven (Philippians 2:6-7).

“(Jesus) who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant…”

Jesus took the form of a servant, and completed the sacrifice required for all of man’s sin. After Jesus rose from the dead, He was restored to His former place of honor in heaven. The complete fulfillment of this prophecy from Psalm 97:9, will occur when Jesus is established as ruler of the earth during His one-thousand-year reign. All those who inhabit His kingdom will bow their knees in submission to Jesus’ authority—if not willingly, by force (Philippians 2:10-11).

“Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”

As we examine this prophecy, the validity of its prophetic and Messianic application can only be understood by the coming of Jesus Christ. We would have no way of knowing that this was a Messianic prophecy if it were not for the testimony of Paul, in the New Testament, concerning the purpose for Jesus’ arrival on earth.

According to Psalms 97:9, the LORD (Jehovah) will be exalted above all gods.

• Jesus is called LORD and God (Philippians 2:6-8).
• Jesus will be exalted above all other gods (Philippians 2:9-11).
• Therefore, Jesus is the same as Jehovah of the Old Testament.

A useful method of interpretation

Following this line of deduction—if both the Messiah (in Psalms 97:9) and Jesus (in the Book of Philippians) are called God (there is only one) and both are exalted above all other gods, then they are logically one and the same.

This is a method of evaluation that I have found useful in determining whether a particular Old Testament verse can rightly be applied to Jesus in a New Testament fulfillment. This is, however, not a method that is used by many scholars, although it is certainly reasonable and follows the laws of reason and exegesis.

James Whitcomb Riley is credited with the saying: “If it walks like a duck, swims like a duck, and quacks like a duck, I call that bird a duck.”[1]

In reciting this candid illustration, we see that the simplest explanation for any question is often the most obvious. A person can define any uncertain subject by observation and comparison with other known and previously defined subjects.

When this method of interpretation is used in the evaluation of several of the questionable prophecies that I have included in this book, their true application to Jesus and His identity as the Messiah is very profitable. I will leave it to my peers to evaluate whether they concur or find fault. It is certain that even those prophecies which may come into question cannot be discounted altogether, in light of their striking similarities to their New Testament counterparts.

It is by diligent study that we discover the prophetic application of all these verses when we compare what they say with what Jesus did.

When we have an Old Testament prophecy which appears to be speaking of the Messiah, we then search for a possible New Testament counterpart in which Jesus’ actions or words fall into alignment as a fulfillment of those prophecies. We carefully check the context and theme of both scriptures and ask: “Did Jesus or any of the disciples attribute what He said or did to an Old Testament verse?”

We should understand that all of the Old Testament prophecies of the Messiah cannot be fully understood apart from the events of Jesus’ life, as recorded in the New Testament.

Matthew’s testimony is that when the people saw Jesus coming into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday in 32 A.D., they understood that He was both the Messiah and the LORD who was promised by the Old Testament Prophecies, such as Psalms 97:9.

Matthew 21:9 Then the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying: “Hosanna to the Son of David! ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!’ Hosanna in the highest!”

When Jesus arrived in Jerusalem on Nissan 10, 32 A.D., the common people knew that the Messiah was the LORD Jehovah. It is reasonable then that when we see a reference to the Lord being described as God above all gods, that we apply these verses to Jesus since He is both LORD and God.

When we examine Psalm 23, we notice that the LORD (all caps) is called my shepherd.

Psalms 23:1 “The LORD is my shepherd….”

The term LORD in Hebrew is Yahweh. Jesus is called both Lord and Shepherd, in the New Testament. Therefore, it is clear that the object of this first verse in the twenty-third Psalm is the Messiah, Jesus the LORD.

In the Old Testament, the term Lord in Hebrew is Yahweh.[2]

In the New Testament, the word Lord in Greek is Kyrios.[3]

Kyrios is often used as a polite way to address a person, such as when we address a man today as “sir.” It can also mean master, as in one who rules over a servant or slave. The Greek translation of the Old Testament called the Septuagint was widely used during the time that Jesus was here on the earth. The word Kyrios or Lord was understood to mean Yahweh or Jehovah. The Greek Old Testament translates Kyrios as Lord, 6,814 times.[4]

Anyone who was able to speak Greek during the time that Jesus was here on the earth would understand that the New Testament word Lord was the same as the Old Testament word Yahweh. The Lord of the New Testament was understood to be the Creator and Sustainer of all life described as Yahweh in the Old Testament.

There are several places in the New Testament where this same translation of Lord from Jehovah is used to describe Jesus Christ. Clearly, the New Testament translators intended we understand that Jesus is the One called Yahweh in the Old Testament.

Luke 2:11 For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ (Messiah) the Lord (Yahweh).

A Jew who reads this Greek New Testament account of the angel’s announcement to Mary that her Son would be the Messiah, also known as Jehovah, would be shocked and amazed. Nevertheless, this is what the original language demands, as it is written:

“Today, in the city of Bethlehem, the baby who has been born is the Messiah who is God Himself.”

This is why the shepherds were so amazed at the angel’s statement.

These are just a few of the many examples found in this book for how obscure verses of the Old Testament that are clearly alluding to the Messiah, can be rightly applied to something that Jesus said or did, in the New Testament. These descriptions of Jesus as recorded by the writers of the New Testament, were intended by them as fulfillments of the Old Testament scriptures which describe the Messiah.

Clearly, it was the intent of the Hebrew writers to make it simple for the reader, that the coming Messiah would be the LORD of the Old Testament. Jesus is Jehovah, this fact is well established by this prophecy and the body of text found in John chapter 10, where Jesus declares that He and the Father are One and the same. In response to Jesus declaration that He is LORD/Jehovah, the Jews picked up stones to kill Him.

I and My Father are one.” Then the Jews took up stones again to stone Him. Jesus answered them, “Many good works I have shown you from My Father. For which of those works do you stone Me?” The Jews answered Him, saying, “For a good work we do not stone You, but for blasphemy, and because You, being a Man, make Yourself God.” John 10:30-33

[1] 1. Davis, Robin S. (2007). Who’s Sitting on Your Nest Egg?. BookPros, LLC. pp. 7. ISBN 978-1-933538-80-8.
2. Heim, Michael (2007). Exploring Indiana Highways. Exploring America’s Highway. pp. 68. ISBN 978-0-9744358-3-1.
[2] Strong’s Hebrew Concordance # 3068
[3] Strong’s Greek Concordance # 2962
[4] “Systematic Theology, an introduction to Biblical Theology,” by Wayne Grudem. Page 544b