Prince Of Peace

During the writing of this book, a new terror has overtaken the world. Islamic terrorists have determined that they will kill or harm as many of those who do not believe in their God; Alah, as possible. Many nations have been brought to their knees and fear has gripped the hearts of millions of people, all over our planet.

In the United States, numerous and catastrophic incidents of gun violence have plagued our nation. For several years, the occurrences of death by those who want to inflict as much mayhem and destruction as possible, has been a monthly phenomenon.

The world cries out for “peace.” The hearts of all people long for security and hope for a future without the threat of evil.

The Bible states that there will not be peace on earth, until the Prince of Peace comes to rule over the kingdoms of men.

In this chapter, Isaiah describes the coming Messiah as a man who is known as this Prince of Peace.

Isaiah 9:6h For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace…

New Testament Fulfillment:

John 14:27 Peace I leave with you, My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.

Ephesians 2:13-14 But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. For He Himself is our peace…

Ephesians 2:17 And He came and preached peace to you who were afar off and to those who were near.

2 Thessalonians 3:16 Now may the Lord of peace Himself give you peace always in every way. The Lord be with you all.

Luke 2:10-14 Then the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid, for behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy which will be to all people. For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. And this will be the sign to you: You will find a Babe wrapped in swaddling cloths, lying in a manger.” And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying: “Glory to God in the highest, And on earth peace, goodwill toward men!”

John 16:33 “These things I have spoken to you, that in Me you may have peace. In the world you will have tribulation; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world.”

A World In Turmoil

Our planet cries out for “Peace.” In all the history of man upon the earth, there has never been a sustained period of time in which peace reigned.

In the last 3,000 years of man’s recorded history, there has only been 286 years without a war. There have been over 15,000 wars resulting in 4 billion deaths.[1]

The following are the 177 major wars which have been fought on the earth during the recorded history of man. These wars are listed in order of the greatest casualties first. I included this complete list as a graphic illustration of just how far the earth has been from genuine peace, during the entire time that mankind has lived upon it.[2]

60,000,000–78,000,000 – World War II (1939–1945).[3]
30,000,000–60,000,000 – Mongol Conquests (13th century) see Mongol invasions and Tatar invasions.[4]
25,000,000 – Qing dynasty conquest of Ming dynasty (1616–1662).[5]
20,000,000 – World War I (1914–1918) (see World War I casualties).[6]
20,000,000-100,000,000 – Taiping Rebellion (China, 1850–1864) (see Dungan revolt).[7]
20,000,000 – Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945).[8]
16,000,000 – White Lotus Rebellion (China, 1794-1804)
13,000,000 – An Shi Rebellion (China, 755–763).[9]
10,000,000 – Warring States Era (China, 475 BCE–221 BCE)
8,000,000–12,000,000 – Dungan revolt (China, 1862 –1877)
7,000,000–20,000,000 – Conquests of Tamerlane (1370–1405).[10]
5,000,000–9,000,000 – Russian Civil War and Foreign Intervention (1917–1922).[11]
5,000,000 – Conquests of Menelik II of Ethiopia (1882–1898).[12]
2,500,000–5,400,000 – Second Congo War (1998–2003).[13]
3,500,000–6,000,000 – Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815)
3,000,000–11,500,000 – Thirty Years’ War (1618–1648).[14]
3,000,000–7,000,000 – Yellow Turban Rebellion (China, 184–205)
3,000,000 – Afghan Civil War (Afghanistan, 1979–Present)
1,000,000–1,500,000 – Soviet intervention (1979–1989)
20,000–49,600 UK and US Invasion of Afghanistan (2001–2002)
1,200,000 – Korean War (1950–1953).[15]
2,500,000–4,000,000 – Hunnic Invasion (408–469)
800,000–3,100,000 – Vietnam War.[16]
2,000,000–4,000,000 – Huguenot Wars.[17]
1,500,000–2,000,000 – War against Armenians, Greeks and Arameans, by the Turks.
2,000,000 – Shaka’s conquests (1816–1828).[18]
300,000–3,000,000 – Bangladesh Liberation War (1971).[19]
2,000,000 – Russian-Circassian War (1763–1864) (see Caucasian War)
1,300,000–6,100,000 – Chinese Civil War (1927–1949) note that this figure excludes World War II casualties
300,000–3,100,000 – before 1937
1,000,000–3,000,000 – after World War II
1,000,000-3,000,000 – Nigerian Civil War (1967-1970)
1,000,000–2,000,000 – Mexican Revolution (1910–1920).[20]
1,000,000 – Gallic Wars (58 BCE–52 BCE)
1,000,000 – Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988).[21]
1,000,000 – Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598).[22]
1,000,000 – Second Sudanese Civil War (1983–2005)
1,000,000 – Panthay Rebellion (China, 1856–1873)
1,000,000 – Nien Rebellion (China, 1853–1868)
618,000–970,000 – American Civil War (including 350,000 from disease) (1861–1865).[23]
900,000–1,000,000 – Mozambique Civil War (1975–1994).[24]
868,000–1,400,000– Seven Years’ War (1756–1763).[25]
868,000 – English Civil War (1642–1651)
800,000–1,000,000 – Rwandan Civil War (1990–1993)
800,000 – Congo Civil War (1996–1997)
580,000 – Bar Kokhba’s revolt (Third Jewish-Roman War) (132–135CE)
570,000 – Eritrean War of Independence (1961–1991)
550,000 – Somali Civil War (1988– )
500,000–1,000,000 – Spanish Civil War (1936–1939)
500,000+ – Assyrian wars of conquest (8th–7th Century BCE)
500,000 – Angolan Civil War (1975–2002)
500,000 – Ugandan Civil War (1979–1986)
440,000+ – Kitos War
400,000–1,100,000 – First Jewish–Roman War (see List of Roman wars)
400,000–1,000,000 – Paraguayan War (1864–1870)
400,000 – War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714)
371,000 – Continuation War (1941–1944)
350,000 – Great Northern War (1700–1721).[26]
315,000–735,000–Wars of the Three Kingdoms (1639–1651) English campaign ~40,000, Scottish 73,000, Irish 200,000–620,000.[27]
300,000 – First Burundi Civil War (1972)
300,000 – Darfur conflict (2003–)
230,000–2,000,000 – Eighty Years’ War (1568–1648)
270,000–300,000 – Crimean War (1854–1856)
234,000 – Philippine-American War (1899–1912).[28]
230,000–1,400,000 – Ethiopian Civil War (1974–1991)
224,000 – Balkan Wars, includes both wars (1912–1913)
220,000 – Liberian Civil War (1989–1995 )
200,000–1,000,000 – Albigensian Crusade (1208–1259).[29]
200,000–800,000 – Warlord era in China (1916–1928)
200,000–400,000 – Politionele acties (Indonesian war of independence) (1945–1949)
200,000–220,000 – The Conquest of Chile (1536–1883)
200,000 – Second Punic War (218 BCE–204 BCE) (see List of Roman battles)
200,000 – Sierra Leone Civil War (1992–2001)
200,000 – Algerian Civil War (1991–2002 ).[30]
200,000 – Guatemalan Civil War (1960–1996)
190,000 – Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871)
180,000–300,000 – La Violencia (1948–1960)
170,500–873,000 – Turkish War of Independence (1919–1923)
170,000 – Greek War of Independence (1821–1830)
150,000–170,000 – Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990)
150,000 – North Yemen Civil War (1962–1970)
150,000 – Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905)
148,000–1,000,000 – Winter War (1939)
125,000 – Eritrean-Ethiopian War (1998–2000)
120,000–384,000 – Great Turkish War (1683–1699) (see Ottoman-Habsburg wars)
120,000 – Third Servile War (73 BCE–71 BCE)
117,000–500,000 – Revolt in the Vendée (1793–1796)
116,000+ – Yugoslav Wars 1991–1995
109,032–1,033,000 – Invasion and Occupation of Iraq (2003–2011)
100,500 – Chaco War (1932–1935)
100,000–1,000,000 – War of the two brothers (1531–1532)
100,000–400,000 – Western New Guinea (1984– ) (see Genocide in West Papua)
100,000–200,000 – Indonesian invasion of East Timor (1975–1978)
100,000–1,000,000 – Algerian War of Independence (1954–1962)
100,000 – Harrying of the North (1069–1070)
100,000 – Thousand Days War (1899–1902)
100,000 – German Peasants’ War (1524–1525).[31]
100,000–105,000 – First Kurdish Iraqi War
95,000-105,000 – Bosnian War (1992–1995).[32]
80,000 – Third Punic War (149 BCE–146 BCE )
75,000–200,000 – Conquests of Alexander the Great (336 BCE–323 BCE)
75,000 – El Salvador Civil War (1980–1992)
75,000 – Second Boer War (1899–1902)
70,000–400,000 – Greco-Turkish War, part of the Turkish War of Independence
70,000 – Boudica’s uprising (60–61)
69,000 – Internal conflict in Peru (1980– )
60,000–432,000 Turkish-Armenian War, part of the Turkish War of Independence
60,000 – Syrian Civil War (2011– )
60,000 – Sri Lanka/Tamil conflict (1983–2009)
60,000 – Nicaraguan Revolution (1972–91)
55,000 – War of the Pacific (1879–1884)
50,000–200,000 – First Chechen War (1994–1996)
50,000–100,000 – Tajikistan Civil War (1992–1997)
50,000–100,000 – Prussian Crusade (13th Century)
50,000 – Wars of the Roses (1455–1485) (see Wars involving England)
45,000 – 50,000 – American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
45,000 – Greek Civil War (1945–1949)
41,000–100,000 – Kashmiri insurgency (1989– )
40,000 – Franco-Turkish War, part of the Turkish War of Independence
40,000–57,000 – Persian Gulf War (1990–1991)
36,000 – Finnish Civil War (1918)
35,000–40,000 – War of the Pacific (1879–1884)
35,000–45,000 – Siege of Malta (1565) (see Ottoman wars in Europe)
30,000–50,000 – Kurdish–Turkish conflict
30,000 – Sino-Vietnamese War (1979)
30,000 – Rhodesian Bush War (1964–1979)
28,000 – First Lebanon War (1982), part of the Lebanese Civil War
25,000 – 30,000 – Libyan civil war (2011)
25,000 – Second Chechen War (1999–2001).[33]
23,384 – Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 (December 1971)
23,000 – Nagorno-Karabakh War (1988–1994)
20,000+ – War in Abkhazia (1992–1993) (1992–1993)
19,000+ – Mexican–American War (1846–1848)
15,000–20,000 – Croatian War of Independence (1991–1995)
14,400–24,400 – 1948 Palestine War (1947–1949)
14,000–24,483 – Six-Day War (1967)
13,000+ – Nepalese Civil War (1996–2006)
11,053 – Malayan Emergency (1948–1960)
11,000 – Spanish-American War (1898)
10,000–21,000 – Yom Kippur War (1973)
10,000 – Amadu’s Jihad (1810–1818)
8,500 – Toyota War (1986–87) part of the Chadian-Libyan conflict
8,000 – War of the Confederation (1836–1839)
7,264–10,000 – Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (August–September 1965)
7,000–24,000 – American War of 1812 (1812–1815)
7,000–10,000 – 1994 civil war in Yemen (1994)
5,573–13,521 – War of Attrition (1967–70)
5,000–12,000 – South Yemen Civil War (1986)
5,000 – 6,000 – Brazilian War of Independence (1822–1823)
5,000 – Turkish invasion of Cyprus (1974)
5,000 – Franco-Syrian War (1919–1921)
5,000–9,000 – Second Kurdish Iraqi War (1974–1975)
4,600 – Sino-Indian War (1962)
4,000+ – Western Sahara War (1975–1991)
4,000 – Waziristan War (2004–2006)
4,000 – Irish Civil War (1922–23)
3,781 – War of the Camps (1985–1988), part of the Lebanese Civil War
3,400–10,000 Jordanian-Palestinian Civil War
3,203 – Suez War (1956)
3,000 – Civil War in Côte d’Ivoire (2002–2007)
2,899 – New Zealand Land Wars (1845–1872)
2,604–7,000 – Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 (October 1947–December 1948)
2,300+ – Saudi-Rashidi War (1903–1907)
2,100 – Saudi-Yemeni War (1934)
2,000–7,000 – Kosovo War (1998–1999)
2,000 – Football War (1969)
2,000 – Irish War of Independence (1919–21)
2,000 – Uganda–Tanzania war (1978–79)
2,000 – Turko-Cypriot War (1974)
1,724 – War of Lapland (1945)
1,600 – Mountain War (Lebanon) (1983–1984), part of the Lebanese Civil War
1,500 – Romanian Revolution (December 1989)
1,500 – Second Lebanon War (2006)
1,394 – First Nejd-Hijaz War
1,179–1,430 – Gaza War (2008–09)
1,000 – Zapatista uprising in Chiapas (1994)
1,000+ – Mexican War of Independence (1810–1821)

There has never been Peace on the earth, and there never will be until the Prince of Peace comes to rule the world. When the Messiah arrives, He will come for the express purpose of making peace for man. In His first appearance on earth, Messiah will make peace possible between God and man, by the death of God’s Son for the sins of the world. At His second appearance, Messiah will make peace between all men, as He rules over the earth in righteousness and justice.

For the humanist, materialist, and non-theist, this record is a stunning indictment upon the premise that man is evolving into a more civilized and peaceful species. In fact, the opposite is true. As time progresses, men simply develop more creative ways to kill other men. The Biblical view of man as a fallen being, who is incapable of peace, is precisely what the evidence validates. Unless God intervenes in the history of mankind, we would certainly annihilate our species and destroy the earth.

Even more distressing are the above wars which were cause by those who claim to be Christian, or members of other religions. The record of the Christian church during its 2,000 year history, is inexcusable.

The Crusades which took place from 1095-1291, were ordered by the leaders of the Catholic Church,[34] who murdered millions of Muslims. This event is often cited as the reference to assert claims that Christianity has committed similar events to those of Muslims, which is historically, incorrect.

Over the course of human history, there have been many groups of people who have hijacked religion and use their ancient scriptures to justify atrocities that they wish to commit. When we examine the actual words of Jesus in the New Testament, we find that He never instructed any of His followers to kill people who refuse to believe. In fact, we see just the opposite. A great majority of the fifth chapter of Matthew’s gospel describes Jesus’ instructions to His followers in how they should respond to people:

Jesus Speaking:

But I say to you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you, Matthew 5:44

But I tell you not to resist an evil person. But whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also. Matthew 5:39

“You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder, and whoever murders will be in danger of the judgment.’ But I say to you that whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. And whoever says to his brother, “Raca!’ shall be in danger of the council. But whoever says, ‘You fool!’ shall be in danger of hell fire. Matthew 5:21-22

Only the Catholic Church is guilty of the horrendous acts of the Crusades. There were millions of other Christians throughout the world during that time, who never participated in, nor condoned, these unjust actions. At no time in the history of the world, has the Christian Church as a whole, ever participated in the murder of non believers, nor have they ever taken up arms against any people in order to convert them to Christianity.[35]

President Obama said the following, regarding Christians and their past behavior, at the National Prayer Breakfast on Feb. 5, 2015, in Washington, D.C:

“Humanity has been grappling with these questions throughout human history,” he told the group, speaking of the tension between the compassionate and murderous acts religion can inspire. “And lest we get on our high horse and think this is unique to some other place, remember that during the Crusades and the Inquisition, people committed terrible deeds in the name of Christ. In our home country, slavery and Jim Crow all too often was justified in the name of Christ.”

We must understand that Jesus did not command His followers to take up arms and threaten or kill those who refused to convert to Christianity. These unlawful, unjust actions took place as a result of corrupt and evil men from within the Catholic-Christian church who approved and orchestrated these immoral actions. In the Christian church, to the present day, there are frauds who take the name of Christ, while failing to display the qualities of Christ. These people are not the true followers of Jesus Christ, and they do not represent Him, nor the church for which He died.

We should not blame Christ, or His church for the wrongful actions of evil men who took actions that were not sanctioned by Jesus, nor did He ever instruct anyone to carry out these actions. The Christian church wins people to God by love, not force. Jesus was very clear about the manner in which the people who follow Him, should conduct themselves:

Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good. —Romans 12:21

By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.” —John 13:35

The fact that men pretend to take up the title of “Christian,” while never intending to emulate the true character and behavior of a Christian; using this title for evil purposes, is great evidence to make the case that all men need a Savior. Evil men will even use what is Holy to perpetrate their evil deeds.

If we will examine the person of Jesus Christ, and the words that He spoke, we will see that He did not sanction any of these wars.

On earth, today, before anyone can find true peace, their sins must be dealt with. Our sins have separated us from God. Jesus provided an effective solution, by removing all sins and offering each person the opportunity to have their relationship with God restored. Without Jesus sacrifice, we will remain under the condemnation of God and experience a future judgement for those sins,

Isaiah 59:2 But your iniquities have separated you from your God; And your sins have hidden His face from you, So that He will not hear.

1 John 2:12 I write to you, little children, Because your sins are forgiven you for Jesus name’s sake.

John 3:16-18 For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. 17 For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved. 18 “He who believes in Him is not condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

First, we must find peace with God. This is accomplished by coming to God in faith that Jesus death and resurrection can remove all our sins and restore our relationship with God.

Second, we find peace with other men, by experiencing a new spiritual life—having come into this new relationship with Jesus, and learning the principles He taught. We accomplish this new life as we are directed by the Spirit of God—where love is the primary characteristic of our life.

The reason that wars and violence persists on the earth is that men do not live under the Lordship of Jesus Christ and surrender their will to His will.

When Jesus returns to earth at the end of the seven-year Tribulation Period, He will bring His church with Him. All those who have believed in Jesus as their Lord and Savior, before the Rapture took place, will return to reign with Him over an endless kingdom of peace.

As Jesus returns, He will set up the kingdom promised to David, which will cover the entire world. It will be a kingdom of righteousness, where no one will hurt or destroy, any longer.

Satan will be chained, in the Abussos, at the center of the earth.[36] The demons will be assigned to hell, and all evil men will be banished from this new kingdom. Those who survive the seven-year Tribulation will be ruled by Jesus as mortals. They will live on the earth for one thousand years in complete peace, which is guaranteed by Jesus and His co-rulers—the church. See the chapter: Arrival of the Messiah.

The purpose of Jesus first arrival on earth, was to make peace between God and man. With this in mind, many people do not understand that although Jesus is called the Prince of Peace, when He returns the second time, He will rule the world by extreme force, during the one thousand-year reign, described by the book of Revelation Chapters 2 and 20 A Warrior King.

Revelation 2:26-27 And he who overcomes (the saved), and keeps My works until the end, to him (the church) I will give power over the nations—27 “He shall rule them (the nations) with a rod of iron; They shall be dashed to pieces like the potter’s vessels’—as I also have received from My Father…

Revelation 20:1-4 Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. 2 He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; 3 and he cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, so that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years were finished. But after these things he must be released for a little while. 4 And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them. Then I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands. And they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years.

As Jesus returns to earth to make peace, first He must subdue all His enemies. Those who would stand in opposition to a Righteous government; who want the present corrupt system of man to continue, will fight Jesus to the death. As the Lord arrives on the earth, He will touchdown at the Mount of Olives, from where He departed—after He was crucified and resurrected from the dead. Traveling north to the Valley of Megiddo, a waiting army will be assembled to destroy Jesus and His church; who have returned with Him. Jesus will simply speak and the entire horde of men and equipment will be destroyed. The description of this event states that there will be blood, to the depth of a horses bridle, all along the entire 200 mile expanse of this valley. See the chapter: Destroy the antichrist, for details.

The only thing that evil understands is absolute and overwhelming force. One American president has made the mistake of thinking that evil can be reasoned with and that we can overcome terrorist governments by diplomacy. Jesus taught us that there is a time for war, and He will bring one final battle to the earth, so that peace may reign over all mankind, forever.


[1] Conway W. Henderson (9 February 2010). Understanding International Law. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 212–. ISBN 978-1-4051-9764-9. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
[2] From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_wars_by_death_toll
[3] Wallinsky, David: David Wallechinsky’s Twentieth Century : History With the Boring Parts Left Out, Little Brown & Co., 1996, ISBN 0-316-92056-8, ISBN 978-0-316-92056-8 – cited by White
Brzezinski, Zbigniew: Out of Control: Global Turmoil on the Eve of the Twenty-first Century, Prentice Hall & IBD, 1994, ASIN B000O8PVJI – cited by White
[4] Ping-ti Ho, “An Estimate of the Total Population of Sung-Chin China”, in Études Song, Series 1, No 1, (1970) pp. 33–53.
Mongol Conquests”. Users.erols.com. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
”The world’s worst massacres Whole Earth Review”. Findarticles.com. 1987. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
Battuta’s Travels: Part Three – Persia and Iraq[dead link]
[5] McFarlane, Alan: The Savage Wars of Peace: England, Japan and the Malthusian Trap, Blackwell 2003, ISBN 0-631-18117-2, ISBN 978-0-631-18117-0 – cited by White
[6] Michael Duffy (2009-08-22). “Military Casualties of World War One”. Firstworldwar.com. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
[7] Taiping Rebellion – Britannica Concise”. Concise.britannica.com. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
[8] Nuclear Power: The End of the War Against Japan”. Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
[9] Selected Death Tolls for Wars, Massacres and Atrocities Before the 20th Century”. Users.erols.com. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
[10] Timur Lenk (1369–1405)”. Users.erols.com. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
Matthew’s White’s website (a compilation of scholarly estimates) -Miscellaneous Oriental Atrocities
[11] Russian Civil War”. Spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
[12] Oromo Identity”. Americanchronicle.com. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
Glories and Agonies of the Ethiopian past”. Ifeas.uni-mainz.de. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
[13] Brennan, Richard (2006-07-16). “Inside Congo, An Unspeakable Toll”. Theirc.org. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
James Astill in Bukavu and Isabelle Chevallot (2003-04-08). “Conflict in Congo has killed 4.7m, charity says”. London: Guardian. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
Come Back, Colonialism, All is Forgiven
Bethany Lacina and Nils Petter Gleditsch, “Monitoring Trends in Global Combat: A New Dataset of Battle Deaths, European Journal of Population (2005) 21: 145–166.
[14] The Thirty Years War (1618–48)
[15] Bethany Lacina and Nils Petter Gleditsch, Monitoring Trends in Global Combat: A New Dataset of Battle Deaths, European Journal of Population (2005) 21: 145–166
[16] Charles Hirschman et al., “Vietnamese Casualties During the American War: A New Estimate,” Population and Development Review, December 1995.
[17] Huguenot Religious Wars, Catholic vs. Huguenot (1562–1598)
[18] Shaka: Zulu Chieftain
[19] Matthew White’s Death Tolls for the Major Wars and Atrocities of the Twentieth Century
[20] Missing Millions: The human cost of the Mexican Revolution, 1910–1921
[21] Timeline: Iraq
[22] Jones, Geo H., Vol. 23 No. 5, pp. 254
[23] The Deadliest War
[24] Clodfelter, cited by White
[25] Urlanis, cited by White
[26] Northern War (1700–21)
[27] The curse of Cromwell
[28] John M. Gates, “War-Related Deaths in the Philippines”, Pacific Historical Review , v. 53, No. 3 (August, 1984), 367–378.
[29] Albigensian Crusade (1208–49)
37.Massacre of the Pure, Time, April 28, 1961
[30] Attacks raise spectre of civil war
Journalists in Algeria are caught in middle
[31] Peasants’ War, Germany (1524–25)
[32] Wallinsky, David: David Wallechinsky’s Twentieth Century : History With the Boring Parts Left Out, Little Brown & Co., 1996, ISBN 0-316-92056-8, ISBN 978-0-316-92056-8 – cited by White
[33] Russian Federation: What justice for Chechnya’s disappeared? – Amnesty International
[34] The Crusades were military campaigns sanctioned by the Catholic Church in the Middle Ages. In 1095 Byzantine Emperor Alexios I, in Constantinople, sent an ambassador to Pope Urban II in Italy pleading for military help against the growing Turkish threat. The Pope responded promptly by calling Catholic soldiers to join the First Crusade. The immediate goal was to guarantee pilgrims access to the holy sites in the Holy Land under Muslim control. His long-range goal was to reunite the Eastern and Western branches of Christendom after their split in 1054 with the pope as head of the united Church. A complex 200-year struggle ensued.” Source: Wikipedia article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crusades
[35] 1.Baldwin, Philip B. (2014). ‘Pope Gregory X and the crusades’. Boydell & Brewer Ltd. ISBN 9781843839163. 2. Barber, Malcolm (1992). The Two Cities: Medieval Europe 1050–1320. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-09682-0.
[36] NT Greek Concordance, Strong’s Greek: 12. ἄβυσσος (abussos) — boundless …11, 12. abussos. 13. abussos: boundless, bottomless. Original … the abyss.