Prophet, Priest, And King

In writing to the Hebrew Christians (Hebrews 1:8-9), Paul confirmed that Jesus is the object of Psalm 45:7, by quoting the precise words of David—which were written for the Messiah.

The certainty that this Psalm was written specifically for the Messiah is further confirmed by the Jewish Targum, as it lists Psalms 45:7 as a clear Messianic prophecy—by the words: “You O King Messiah because You love righteousness.” This is according to Levy, Targum Wörterb. volume 2, page 41a.

Psalms 45:7b “You love righteousness and hate wickedness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of gladness more than Your companions.”

New Testament Fulfillment:

Hebrews 1:8-9 But to the Son He says: “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom. 9 You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of gladness more than Your companions.

Luke 4:16-20 So Jesus came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. And as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read. 17 And He was handed the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when He had opened the book, He found the place where it was written: 18 “The Spirit of the LORD is upon Me, Because He has anointed Me To preach the gospel to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives And recovery of sight to the blind, To set at liberty those who are oppressed; 19 To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD.” 20 Then He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all who were in the synagogue were fixed on Him. 21 And He began to say to them, “Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.”

One King, Three Offices

Jesus has the unique distinction of being anointed by God to hold all three Old Testament offices of a Prophet, a Priest, and a King, simultaneously. This honor has never been given to any other person in the Bible (Psalm 45:7 “More than your companions”). David was a prophet and a king but never a priest. Jesus is uniquely anointed by God to hold these three titles, for the benefit of man’s salvation and the Glory of God.

Jesus is a Prophet:

The following are the fourteen predictions that Jesus spoke while He was present on the earth, which have all been fulfilled. The testimony that Jesus spoke all of these things, before the events took place, is confirmed to by those who wrote of their fulfillment in the New Testament.

Prediction 1: The words of Jesus would last forever, an attribute that can be ascribed only to God.

Matthew 24:35 “Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away.”

For Jesus to utter these words before those who heard Him, it is certain that He intended they understand that He was claiming to be the Eternal God. Jesus was not simply saying that the words that He was speaking would be talked about forever. He was claiming that every word He spoke about future events would come to pass exactly as all of the other prophecies which are spoken in the Old Testament would come to pass. In essence, Jesus was asserting that His words were equal to the words of God and would not fail. In fulfillment of His prophecies, not a single word that Jesus spoke has failed to be fulfilled precisely as He said.

Prediction 2: Mary of Bethany and her great act of Love

Matthew 26:11-13 “For you have the poor with you always, but Me you do not have always. For in pouring this fragrant oil on My body, she did it for My burial. Assuredly, I say to you, wherever this gospel is preached in the whole world, what this woman has done will also be told as a memorial to her.”

The event that Jesus is describing was Mary of Bethany, anointing His feet with costly aromatic oil.

Jesus predicted that because of this incredible act of love that Mary bestowed upon Him, wherever the Good News of Jesus Christ is spoken, people all over the world will hear what Mary has done. The fact that this event has been recorded in the narrative of the New Testament and you are reading it today, is a testimony to the fact that what Jesus said has been fulfilled.

Prediction 3: Jesus will be betrayed by one of His closest friends.

Matthew 26:21-25 Now as they were eating, He said, “Assuredly, I say to you, one of you will betray Me.” And they were exceedingly sorrowful, and each of them began to say to Him, “Lord, is it I?” He answered and said, “He who dipped his hand with Me in the dish will betray Me. The Son of Man indeed goes just as it is written of Him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been good for that man if he had not been born.” Then Judas, who was betraying Him, answered and said, “Rabbi, is it I?” He said to him, “You have said it.”

Although Judas was one of Jesus’ closest friends and had the opportunity to know Him intimately—who He is, and confirm that He is the promised Messiah, Judas chose to betray the Lord. The fact that Jesus knew that Judas’ would betray Him before it happened, as well as the precise details for how this would take place, is truly amazing. At the last supper, in the upper room where the disciples had gathered to have a night of fellowship with Jesus, the place of honor at Jesus’ right hand was given to Judas. Even at the very end of His ministry, Jesus was reaching out to Judas to love Him and persuade Him by His gentle grace, to not do what was in his heart. Jesus’ efforts to rescue Judas from himself were not successful. Not because the Lord could not save Judas, but because Judas was not willing.

Luke 22:47-48 And while He was still speaking, behold, a multitude; and he who was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them and drew near to Jesus to kiss Him. But Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?”

Prediction 4: On the night that Jesus would be arrested, all His disciples will abandon Him.

Matthew 26:31 Then Jesus said to them, “All of you will be made to stumble because of Me this night, for it is written: ‘I will strike the Shepherd, And the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’ ”

This prophecy was fulfilled immediately after the Roman soldiers came to arrest Jesus at the garden of Gethsemane, on the night before He was crucified. This event so traumatized the disciples that they scattered and were afraid to even be identified with Jesus.

The incident that Jesus speaks of was fulfilled in Matthew’s Gospel, chapter 26:56.

Matthew 26:56 “But all this was done that the Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled.” Then all the disciples forsook Him and fled.

The prophecy that Jesus is quoting from in the Old Testament is detailed in the chapter: “Strike the Shepherd.”

Zechariah 13:7 “Awake, O sword, against My Shepherd, Against the Man who is My Companion,” Says the LORD of hosts. “Strike the Shepherd, And the sheep will be scattered; Then I will turn My hand against the little ones.”

Prediction 5: Peter will deny three times that he knows Jesus.

Matthew 26:33-34 Peter answered and said to Him, “Even if all are made to stumble because of You, I will never be made to stumble.” Jesus said to him, “Assuredly, I say to you that this night, before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.”

Peter sincerely believed that he really loved Jesus with all of his heart. He felt that even under the most difficult of circumstances, he would remain faithful to his Lord. When the moment of testing arrived, Peter failed miserably, and he felt immediately the sting of personal disappointment that we all feel when we deny the Lord in our life.

Jesus did not inform Peter in advance of his denial to discourage or disparage him. Jesus wanted Peter to understand that what we often confess with our mouths is not always lived out in our lives. Our sincerity is often hindered by our fears, insecurities, and inability to do what we say we are going to do.

When Jesus predicted Peter’s denial, He was putting His reputation as a prophet on public display. If what Jesus predicted did not come to pass, He would be forever labeled as a false prophet (Deuteronomy 18:22), making it impossible that He could be the promised Messiah. The facts remain that Jesus knew exactly what He was saying, and the reality of those words rang true in Peter’s ears the very moment he realized that he had done precisely what Jesus had predicted.

Matthew 26:69-75 Now Peter sat outside in the courtyard. And a servant girl came to him, saying, “You also were with Jesus of Galilee.” But he denied it before them all, saying, “I do not know what you are saying.” And when he had gone out to the gateway, another girl saw him and said to those who were there, “This fellow also was with Jesus of Nazareth.” But again he denied with an oath, “I do not know the Man!” And a little later those who stood by came up and said to Peter, “Surely you also are one of them, for your speech betrays you.” Then he began to curse and swear, saying, “I do not know the Man!” Immediately a rooster crowed. And Peter remembered the word of Jesus who had said to him, “Before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.” So he went out and wept bitterly.

Luke records the intimate details of that moment when Peter realized that Jesus knew beforehand what would happen. Incredibly, Jesus told Peter that He would deny Him, not once, but on three separate occasions.

Luke 22:61 And the Lord turned and looked at Peter. Then Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had said to him, “Before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.”

Prediction 6: Jesus prophesied that the elders and chief priests would cause Him to suffer many things, kill Him and that He would be raised on the third day.

Matthew 16:21 From that time Jesus began to show to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day.

Long before Jesus was born in Bethlehem as a tiny baby, He walked the halls of heaven and ruled the universe with absolute power and authority. When He came to earth and began His public ministry at the age of thirty, He was following a carefully scripted plan for His life that was prepared for Him before the foundation of the earth.

The reason that Jesus told His disciples that He would go back to Jerusalem and be arrested, beaten and crucified, was so that after these things happened, they would remember that the Lord had predicted each event. More importantly, these men would record the fulfillment of what Jesus had predicted and tell this story to all of us, as they are written in the record of the New Testament. The fact that Jesus knew what would happen and was able to tell us before the events took place, is a sure confirmation of His claim to be God and the fact that He is the promised Messiah.

Luke 23:33 When they came to the place called the Skull, there they crucified him, along with the criminals—one on his right, the other on his left. (NIV)

Mark 16:6 And he said to them, Do not be alarmed. You seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He has risen; he is not here. See the place where they laid him. (ESV)

Prediction 7: Jesus tells His disciples that He will be killed at Jerusalem.

Matthew 16:21 From that time Jesus began to show to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day.

Knowing what He was going to suffer through, before the events took place, it is hard to imagine how Jesus was able to allow evil men to torture Him in the manner they did. At no time was anyone in control of the events of Jesus’ death other than He. Jesus boldly declared that He had the power to lay His life down, and He had the power to take it back again in Resurrection.

John 10:18 “No one takes (MY life) from Me, but I lay it down of Myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again.”

The Lord intentionally chose crucifixion as the form of death that the Messiah would die by. It was because of crucifixion’s visual horror that Jesus chose this method of death as He gave His life before the whole world. It is apparent that God wanted to display His great wrath against sin, as well as the tremendous cost that was involved to make eternal life possible. If our sins were of no great consequence, it is for certain that the Father would never have allowed His only Son to die by such graphic and horrific means. Today, when a man is convicted of a capital crime, He may be put to death by lethal injection. The condemned simply falls asleep peacefully and never wakes again. Jesus was dying for the sins of the whole world; therefore, His death had to be by a visual and vicious method that would fully impact us as to the seriousness of our sins and the great cost that was necessary to remove those sins.

Jesus told His disciples that He would go up to Jerusalem; and while there, He would suffer many things…and be killed. Everything that Jesus said came to pass exactly as He predicted.

Luke 23:33 And when they had come to the place called Calvary (at Jerusalem), there they crucified Him, and the criminals, one on the right hand and the other on the left.

Prediction 8: Jesus predicted that He would die by Crucifixion.

Matthew 26:1-2 Now it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, that He said to His disciples, “You know that after two days is the Passover, and the Son of Man will be delivered up to be crucified.”

When God predicts a future event in the Old Testament, He does so with precision and accuracy. In John Chapter 10, Jesus repeatedly makes the claim that He is God, and that the words He speaks are the words of the Living God (John 20:29, 10:30, 33).

It should therefore come as no surprise that when we observe Jesus speaking of a future event which describes His own death, we find that He fulfilled each one of His predictions exactly as God has fulfilled His word throughout history. Jesus knew that He was going to die by crucifixion, and there are at least three Old Testament prophecies that confirm this.

Deuteronomy 21:23: Hanged on a tree
Psalm 22:16 and Zechariah 12:10: Pierced

Many, many other Old Testament prophecies speak of the death of the Messiah. Within these descriptions of His death, it can be understood that the death described by these prophecies—will be by Crucifixion.

For a detailed description of what Jesus experienced while on the cross, see the chapter: “Crucified.”

Mark 15:25-27 Now it was the third hour, and they crucified Him. And the inscription of His accusation was written above: THE KING OF THE JEWS. With Him they also crucified two robbers, one on His right and the other on His left.

Prediction 9: Jesus said that He would die on Passover.

Matthew 26:2 “You know that after two days is the Passover, and the Son of Man will be delivered up to be crucified.”

Passover was the first of seven feasts that Israel was to observe. During this feast, the participants remembered the time in their history, when God passed over their sins because they had placed the blood of a Lamb on the doorposts of their home. Jesus became the Passover Lamb by dying on the exact day that Passover was observed. His blood, when placed on the door of our heart, causes the judgement of God for our sins to pass over us and declare us not guilty.

Jesus died during Passover on purpose. He was fulfilling the type and meaning of this feast that God had established in the Old Testament. Jesus continued to fulfill the feasts of Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, and Pentecost, also on the specific day, and in the precise way, each of these feasts should be fulfilled.

For more information, please see the chapter: The Seven Feasts.

John 19:14-16 Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold your King!” But they cried out, “Away with Him, away with Him! Crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar!” Then he delivered Him to them to be crucified. Then they took Jesus and led Him away.

Prediction 10: Jesus said that He would be Resurrected three days after His death.

John 2:18-22 So the Jews answered and said to Him, “What sign do You show to us, since You do these things?” Jesus answered and said to them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” Then the Jews said, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?” But He was speaking of the temple of His body. Therefore, when He had risen from the dead, His disciples remembered that He had said this to them; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had said.

A fact that is indisputable regarding the life of Jesus Christ is that He rose again three days after He was crucified.[1]

Everything that Jesus said and did was for the express purpose of fulfilling all of the Old Testament prophecies of the Messiah.[2] When Jesus began His public ministry, He knew that He was going to be crucified for the sins of the world and that three days later, He would raise Himself from the dead. Jesus told the Jews that this would take place so that once He had risen, they would remember that He had predicted that this would happen.

One of the stunning proofs for Jesus as the Messiah, is the certainty that He is a “Prophet like Moses.” Jesus has the ability to predict future events. The events that He foretold are the direct fulfillment of the Old Testament scriptures which state that the Messiah would rise from the dead on the third day. See the chapter: The Resurrection.

Matthew 16:21 From that time Jesus began to show to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day.

After Jesus rose from the dead, those who had heard Him predict His resurrection, recalled that He had said these things before He was arrested and crucified. The written testimony of the words that Jesus spoke are recorded for us in the New Testament. The purpose of the four Gospels is to display a public record of the events in the Life of Jesus Christ that took place after He fulfilled His prophecy to raise Himself from the dead, just as the Hebrew scriptures had predicted.

Even the scribes and Pharisees who did not believe that Jesus was the Messiah, heard Him predict His resurrection.

Matthew 27:62-63 On the next day, which followed the Day of Preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees gathered together to Pilate, saying, “Sir, we remember, while He was still alive, how that deceiver said, ‘After three days I will rise.’ ”
True to His word, exactly three days later, Jesus rose on the first day of the week after the Sabbath.

Matthew 28:1-6 Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week began to dawn, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb. And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat on it. His countenance was like lightning, and his clothing as white as snow. And the guards shook for fear of him, and became like dead men. But the angel answered and said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified. He is not here; for He is risen, as He said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay.”

Prediction 11: The Coming Of The Holy Spirit.

John 14:26 “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you.”

The Holy Spirit is the third member of the Trinity. The Bible teaches that the Living God, is One God—who has revealed Himself in three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. For a detailed study on this subject, see the chapter: A Trinity.

The purpose of the Holy Spirit is to reveal to all human beings who Jesus Christ is and the purpose for His coming into the world. Once Jesus took the body of a man, He could no longer be everywhere present at the same time, as long as He remained on earth in the form of a man. It was the task of the Holy Spirit to continue the work that Jesus began, after He returned to Heaven.

Jesus told the disciples to “wait” for this promise of the Holy Spirit, at Jerusalem.

Acts 1:4-5 And being assembled together with them, He commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father, “which,” He said, “you have heard from Me; for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.”

The coming of the Holy Spirit marked the birth and beginning of Jesus’ church. This event and the fulfillment of Jesus’ prophecy of the Holy Spirit, are recorded for us in the Book of Acts.

Acts 2:1-4 When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

Prediction 12: Jesus predicts the encirclement of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple. These events would happen within one generation of those who heard this prophecy.

Luke 19:43-44 “For days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment around you, surround you and close you in on every side, and level you, and your children within you, to the ground; and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not know the time of your visitation.”

Matthew 24:34 “Assuredly, I say to you, this generation will by no means pass away till all these things take place.”

The context of Jesus’ revelation of Jerusalem’s destruction, to the disciples—in Luke 19:29-21:24, is spoken directly after Palm Sunday, 32 A.D. Jesus is describing the judgment that will come upon Israel for her rejection of Him as the Messiah. The fulfillment of this prophecy occurred within one 40-year generation, in 70 A.D.[3] Titus brought his army against Jerusalem, sacked the city and destroyed the Temple, burning it to the ground. Literally, not one stone was left upon another, just as Jesus had predicted.

Matthew Chapter 24 is essentially the same account that Luke records, as Jesus is seen at the Temple with the disciples when He tells them that not one stone shall be left upon another. This occurred during Titus’ siege of Jerusalem, just as Jesus had predicted.

Matthew 24:1-2 Then Jesus went out and departed from the temple, and His disciples came up to show Him the buildings of the temple. And Jesus said to them, “Do you not see all these things? Assuredly, I say to you, not one stone shall be left here upon another, that shall not be thrown down.”

Prediction 13: During the taking of Jerusalem, the Jews will be scattered over the face of the earth.

Luke 21:24 And they (those in Jerusalem and Judea, vs 20-21) will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.

The Jewish historian, Josephus, describes the destruction of Jerusalem and the murder of 1.1 million Jews, as well as another 97,000 Jews who were taken as captives of war. Thousands of other citizens of Jerusalem were sold as slaves, with many more being dispersed all over the world. This entire event is recorded by Josephus in the “Book of Wars,” Book 5, Chapter 22, Sections 1-3.*[4]

Authors note: The recording of events from 70 A.D. By a non-biblical source, those of Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, is a substantial source of authentication for the New Testament accounts—concerning the predictions of Jesus.

Jesus warned His disciples ahead of time to flee Jerusalem before the siege began in 66 A.D. He told them to watch for this sign:

“When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is near. Then let those in Judea flee to the mountains, let those who are in the midst of her depart, and let not those who are in the country enter her. For these are the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled… There will be great distress in the land and wrath upon this people. And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled” (Luke 21:20-24).

How the first siege of Jerusalem began in 66 A.D.

Flavius Josephus writes that the entire difficulty began at Caesarea in 66 B.C., when local Greek citizens set about offering birds as sacrifices in front of a local synagogue.[5] Though the Jewish authorities protested vehemently, the Roman army garrison located nearby did nothing to stop the Greeks. One of the clerks from the Jewish Temple, Eliezar ben Hanania, ordered the cessation of normal prayers and sacrifices that had been conducted for the Roman emperor at the Jewish Temple. In response, the Romans dispatched troops under order from the Roman governor, Gessius Florus, to seize 17 talents of gold from the Temple treasury of the Jews—claiming that the gold was for the Emperor. As the local population of Jews learned of the stolen gold from their beloved Temple treasury, in an effort to ridicule the Roman governor in his alleged poverty, the people began to pass around a woven basket to take up a collection for Gessius Florus.[6] This open contempt of his authority, caused Florus to dispatch soldiers to Jerusalem on the following day, to arrest many of the leaders of the Jews in Jerusalem. Several men were scourged and crucified according to the accounts written by Josephus. [7]

This atrocity against the Jews resulted in many Jewish soldiers from Judea—launching an attack against the Roman Garrison in Jerusalem.

An officer of the Roman army, Cestius Gallus, gathered an assembly of troops from the Syrian legion of 12th Fulminata, for a total of 30,000 soldiers, to suppress the uprising of the Jews. When Gallus reached Cesarea and Jaffa, according to Josephus, he murdered 8,400 Jews.[8]

This conflict between the Jews and the Roman authority, continued to escalate until 70 A. D., when the entire city of Jerusalem and the Temple itself were destroyed.

Those who believed Jesus’ Prophecy escaped

The Jews who had believed in Jesus as their Messiah, evacuated Jerusalem after its first siege in 66 A.D., ahead of the final Roman siege in 70 A.D. Just as Jesus had predicted, there was a massive slaughter of those who remained in Jerusalem and did not believe the words of His prophecy. [9]

The Roman army general, Titus, who later became the Emperor of the Roman Empire, came with his second in command, Tiberius Julius Alexander. Titus brought his army to the western side of Jerusalem: three legions of soldier from 5th Macedonica, 12th Fulminata, and 15th Apollinaris. On the east side of Jerusalem, Titus brought 10th Fretenis, near the Mount of Olives.[10]

The strategy of Titus was simple: cut off the food and water supplies to Jerusalem and starve the people into submission.

Many people died of starvation during this siege of Titus, as the food supplies of the Jews inside the city of Jerusalem were depleted. Some people resorted to eating the flesh of their dead in order to survive. This was the fulfillment of the prophecy of Zechariah 11:9, “Let those that are left eat each other’s flesh.”

During Passover, Titus allowed the pilgrims who came to Jerusalem for worship, to enter the city to celebrate Passover, but then refused to allow them to depart. A few attacks by the Jews on the Roman soldiers killed some of Titus’ men. In an insightful move by Titus, he dispatched his men to bring the Jewish historian Josephus, back to Jerusalem in order to convince the Jews to surrender peacefully. Instead, the Jews put an arrow into Josephus, viewing him as a traitor for seeking the surrender of Jerusalem to the Romans.[11]

In one of the attacks by the Jews, Titus was nearly killed.

About the middle of May, 70 A.D., Titus ordered the construction of a siege wall all around the city of Jerusalem and destroyed the newly built third wall with a battering ram. The Antonia Fortress of Herod was taken just north of the Temple Mount. As fighting ensued inside Jerusalem, the Jews were forced into the Temple, as a second attempt at negotiating a cease fire failed.[12]

One of the Roman soldiers threw a burning spear into the wall of the Temple, setting it on fire. Titus did not plan to destroy the temple, but we should remember that Jesus had predicted that “not one stone would be left upon another,” when He pronounced judgement on the Jews for their rejection of Him as the Messiah. Titus had planned to take the Temple and turn it into a Roman temple, dedicated to the Roman emperor. Instead, the fire spread throughout the Temple building and quickly destroyed the entire structure.[13]

According to 2 Chronicles, 3:8, the gold that lined the entire inner room of the Holy of Holies was about 23 tons. At $1,500.00 per ounce, this would place the value of the gold inside the Holy place at 1 Billion, 104 million dollars.[14]

As the fire accelerated into an intense heat, the Priests trapped inside the Holy Place were burned alive. The gold that lined the entire inner room of the Holy Place melted and ran into the cracks of the foundation stones. In their greed, the Roman soldiers, seeing the melted gold now cooled and laying between the stones of the temple, pried up one stone after another until the Temple was obliterated. In this way, the literal words of Jesus that not one stone shall be left upon another, was fulfilled.

On “Tisha B’Av, August 9th of 70 A.D., the Temple was destroyed. By September 7th, 70 A.D., Jerusalem was completely under control of the Romans. In a certain act of divine providence, the first temple was also destroyed by the Babylonians on the same day as the second Temple, August 9th of 586 B.C.[15]

Although this prophecy was fulfilled in 70 A.D., by the Roman siege on Jerusalem and the burning of the temple, there appears to also be a later fulfillment of this same prophecy. During the midway point of the seven-year Tribulation, the antichrist will come against Jerusalem to destroy the Jews, and they will also flee the city for what will certainly be—the rock city of Petra in Jordan.

Prediction 14: From the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans, the land of Israel will be ruled and overrun by the Gentiles.

“And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled” (Luke 21:24).

Jesus warned the citizens of Israel that their denial of Him as their Messiah would leave their land desolate. Titus’ siege upon Jerusalem did in fact leave the city in ruins and allowed for the fulfillment of Luke 21:24, Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. Jesus said, this all happened because you did not know the time of your visitation (Luke 19:44).

Jesus’ prediction that Jerusalem would be trampled by the Gentiles, was literally fulfilled at the seizing of Jerusalem by Titus, just as Jesus had said.

Since 70 A.D., Jerusalem has continually remained under Gentile domination—for almost 2,000 years. Not until 1967 did the Jews once again gain authority over Jerusalem. The complete rulership of all the land that God originally gave Israel will not occur until after the Rapture of the church takes place, and the end of the seven-year Tribulation. The Arrival of Jesus to the earth, a second time—with His church, will end the times of the Gentiles.[16]

Antiquity proves that Jesus is a true Prophet of God

The facts of history do not lie. Every event that Jesus described in detail—came to pass precisely as He said they would. These fourteen prophecies and their fulfillments leave us with sufficient evidence to conclude that Jesus is a Prophet like Moses.

Acts 3:22-26 For Moses truly said to the fathers, “The LORD your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your brethren. Him you shall hear in all things, whatever He says to you. And it shall be that every soul who will not hear that Prophet shall be utterly destroyed from among the people.”

*******

Jesus is a Priest:

The best source for information, regarding how Jesus fulfilled the role of our High Priest, is the Book of Hebrews. Paul wrote in vivid detail, describing each of the specific roles that the High Priest was to accomplish, and how Jesus achieved each one.

Jesus became our High Priest; first, by becoming one of us and living on the earth as a human being.

Hebrews 2:17 Therefore, in all things He had to be made like His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.

Although Jesus is the Eternal God who spoke the universe into existence, He is also a human being who is aware of our mortal frailty. Jesus is well acquainted with temptation and sin. He is the only man to be tempted in all the same points that we are tempted, and yet never sin.

Hebrews 4:14-15 Seeing then that we have a great High Priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin.

The gift that Jesus offered to God on our behalf was His perfect life. If Jesus had not lived a life completely devoid of sin, He could not be our High Priest nor our Savior. The sacrifice of His human body—with the Spirit of the Living God dwelling within Him, qualified Jesus to be our perfect and eternal High Priest. All other priests presented sacrifices to God on behalf of a sinner. Jesus presented His own body as our sacrifice while at the same time, He was our Great High Priest.

His is one of us

Only a human being could offer his life to rescue another human being.[17] God could not redeem us, nor could He simply ignore our sins. He had to do as He had said: The soul that sins will die (Ezekiel 18:4). A sacrifice must be offered for sin in order to satisfy the requirement of justice, in punishing sin. Jesus became both the sacrifice and the one who offered the sacrifice. In doing so, He forever put away all of our iniquity, by quenching the full measure of God’s wrath for all of our transgressions.[18]

What constitutes a violation?

If you have exceeded the speed limit on the highway, or taken a few paper clips or pens from work for your own personal use, then you have committed an offense. These are violations of human law that deal with bad behavior and the protection of the rights of others.

The Biblical definition of sin is a violation of the law of God. These statutes are based on the moral perfection of God and not men. The laws of men allow for some imperfection, while the moral laws of God do not.

When a violation has been made, a penalty is demanded—based on the justice of God. No infraction, no matter how small, is overlooked by God. His standard is perfection. He requires perfection in all our behavior, attitudes and actions every minute of every day.

Since no person has the capacity for moral perfection because our inner nature does not allow for it, we all feel that tolerance should be exercised when it comes to failures in our words and actions. Although we desire mercy for ourselves, there is something within us that has very little forbearance for the failures of others. When we see moral imperfection and wrongful actions, we automatically feel a sense of judgement in our mind and heart. This shows us that we do comprehend the principles of right and justice, and we expect these things from other people. The problem is that our own sense of judgment is misguided because we do not have the capacity to truly understand the heart of those who fail. Secondly, we ourselves are failures when it comes to keeping the moral law. Therefore, we are not really qualified to stand in judgment of the wrongful actions of other people.

Jesus, as our High Priest, has been tempted in all of the same areas that each one of us have experienced temptation, except that He never surrendered to the sinful actions that most of us give into when we are tempted. This is what qualifies Jesus above all other persons to act in our behalf and take our sins as His own.

Is Jesus the One?

The identity of Jesus is made clear by the things that He has done. John the Baptist wanted to know if Jesus was the Prophet, Priest and King who was foretold by the scriptures. He asked Jesus, Are you the Coming One?

Matthew 11:2-5 And when John had heard in prison about the works of Christ, he sent two of his disciples and said to Him, “Are You the Coming One, or do we look for another?” Jesus answered and said to them, “Go and tell John the things which you hear and see: 1. The blind see and 2. the lame walk; 3. the lepers are cleansed and 4. the deaf hear; 5. the dead are raised up and 6. the poor have the gospel preached to them.”

Jesus said that His identity is linked to what was prophesied of Him and how He fulfilled these predictions: See the chapter: Coming to Heal

1. The Blind See:

Isaiah 29:18 In that day the deaf shall hear the words of the book, And the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity and out of darkness.

Isaiah 35:5 Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, And the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.

Matthew 9:29-30 Then Jesus touched their eyes, saying, “According to your faith let it be to you.” And their eyes were opened.

2. The Lame Walk:

Isaiah 35:5-6 … Then the lame shall leap like a deer

Matthew 15:30 Then great multitudes came to Jesus, having with them the lame, blind, mute, maimed, and many others; and they laid them down at Jesus’ feet, and He healed them.

3. The Lepers are Cleansed:

Leviticus 14:11 “Then the priest who makes him clean shall present the man who is to be made clean, and those things, before the LORD, at the door of the tabernacle of meeting.”

Luke 5:12-14 And it happened when He was in a certain city, that behold, a man who was full of leprosy saw Jesus; and he fell on his face and implored Him, saying, “Lord, if You are willing, You can make me clean.” Then Jesus put out His hand and touched him, saying, “I am willing; be cleansed.” Immediately the leprosy left him. And He charged him to tell no one, “But go and show yourself to the priest, and make an offering for your cleansing, as a testimony to them, just as Moses commanded.”

4. The Deaf Hear:

Isaiah 29:18 In that day the deaf shall hear the words of the book…

Isaiah 35:5 Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, And the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.

Mark 7:32-37 Then they brought to Him one who was deaf and had an impediment in his speech, and they begged Him to put His hand on him. And He took him aside from the multitude, and put His fingers in his ears, and He spat and touched his tongue. Then, looking up to heaven, He sighed, and said to him, “Ephphatha,” that is, “Be opened.” Immediately his ears were opened, and the impediment of his tongue was loosed, and he spoke plainly. Then He commanded them that they should tell no one; but the more He commanded them, the more widely they proclaimed it. And they were astonished beyond measure, saying, “He has done all things well. He makes both the deaf to hear and the mute to speak.”

5. The Dead are Raised:

Isaiah 26:19 Your dead shall live; Together with my dead body they shall arise.

John 11:43-44 Now when He had said these things, He cried with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come forth!” And he who had died came out bound hand and foot with graveclothes, and his face was wrapped with a cloth. Jesus said to them, “Loose him, and let him go.”

6. The Good News is Preached:

Old Testament Prediction:

Isaiah 61:1 “The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon Me, Because the LORD has anointed Me To preach good tidings to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives, And the opening of the prison to those who are bound; To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD.”

New Testament Fulfillment:

Luke 4:16-21 So He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. And as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read. And He was handed the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when He had opened the book, He found the place where it was written: “The Spirit of the LORD is upon Me, Because He has anointed Me To preach the gospel to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives And recovery of sight to the blind, To set at liberty those who are oppressed; To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD.” Then He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all who were in the synagogue were fixed on Him. And He began to say to them, “Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.”

As our High Priest, Jesus was able to offer; both gifts and sacrifices to God on our behalf.

Hebrews 5:1 For every high priest taken from among men is appointed for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins.

Jesus came to be our Prophet, Priest, and King. He was given a body to dwell in, at Bethlehem. He used that body to complete the fulfillment of these Old Testament prophecies which prove His identity and the purpose of His ministry.

Hebrews 5:5 So also Christ did not glorify Himself to become High Priest, but it was He who said to Him: “You are My Son, Today I have begotten You.”

Jesus represented as Melchizedek in the Old Testament

The Old Testament introduces us to a person called Melchizedek. He is called a Priest of the Most High God. He received tithes and offerings from Abraham, and He is said to have neither father or mother, no beginning or end.

Hebrews 7:3 (Melchizedek, like Jesus) without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, remains a priest continually.

Although Jesus’ beginning as a man, came through Mary as His mother and the Holy Spirit—who caused His conception, John records the fact that Jesus had no beginning at all. He is the Eternal God who has always existed. A self-existent being does not require a beginning. See the chapter: God

John 1:1-3, 14 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. …And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us.

Paul believed that Melchizedek and Jesus, are one and the same person. Melchizedek is Jesus revealed in the Old Testament, before He took the body of a man.

The term, You are a Priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek, in Hebrews chapter 5, verse 6, is very strange indeed. The priesthood described in the Old Testament came from the Tribe of Levi; Jesus came from the Tribe of Judah. Here in Hebrews Chapter 5, we see that Jesus is not the same type of priest as those from the tribe of Levi. Jesus is a High Priest, after the likeness of Melchizedek, one who lives forever.

How Jesus fulfilled the office of High Priest for us:

Hebrews 7:26 For such a High Priest was fitting for us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and has become higher than the heavens…

He is seated at the right hand of God.

Hebrews 8:1 Now this is the main point of the things we are saying: We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens.

The gift that Jesus brought to God was His perfect life.

Hebrews 8:3 For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices. Therefore it is necessary that this One also have something to offer.

The sacrifice Jesus made was one time—to last forever.

Hebrews 9:25-26 not that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood of another—He then would have had to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now, once at the end of the ages, He has appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.

Jesus took the blood of His sacrifice and placed on the altar in heaven.

Hebrews 9:22-26 And according to the law almost all things are purified with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no remission. Therefore it was necessary that the copies (Earthly Temple) of the things in the heavens (Heavenly Temple) should be purified with these, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us; not that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood of another—He then would have had to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now, once at the end of the ages, He has appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.

Melchizedek ministered the things of God from an everlasting life. Jesus is described as being our High Priest forever.

Hebrews 5:10 called by God as High Priest “according to the order of Melchizedek,

For more information on Melchizedek from the Old Testament, see the chapter: A Priest Like Melchizedek.

*******

Jesus is a King:

The prophecies of the Old Testament predict the Messiah will be a great King

Micah 5:2b “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Though you are little among the thousands of Judah, Yet out of you shall come forth to Me The One to be Ruler in Israel, Whose goings forth are from of old, From everlasting.”

The kingdom that Jesus wanted to establish, had to be delayed because His people did not receive Him as their King. If the Jews had received Jesus as their Messiah, then He could have immediately set up His earthly kingdom, whereby He would rule the nations, as described in the Old Testament.

When Pontius Pilate questions Jesus about His identity, he asks if He is a king. Jesus replies in the affirmative; this was the reason that He was born—while informing the Roman Procurator that His kingdom is not of this world.

John 18:37 Pilate therefore said to Him, “Are You a king then?” Jesus answered, “You say rightly that I am a king. For this cause I was born, and for this cause I have come into the world…”

John 1:49 Nathanael answered and said to Him, “Rabbi, You are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!”

John 12:13 took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Him, and cried out: “Hosanna! ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!’ The King of Israel!”

Revelation 1:5 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler over the kings of the earth.

Micah’s prophecy of the Savior—born in Bethlehem, continues with a further revelation: This Baby, born in a manger to a poor family and hardly noticed by the leaders of Israel, will be the Ruler of Israel.

The Jews living at the time the Messiah was born in Bethlehem were expecting a King—far different from the one which was presented to them. Since 27 B.C., the nation of Israel had been under the dominion of the Roman government. The Jews had lost their right to self-rule and many people had begun to feel as though they were forsaken by God. When Jesus presented Himself as a suffering and dying Messiah, the leaders of Israel were unprepared to receive such a King. The Jews desired a conqueror who would set their nation free from the oppression of the Romans. Jesus taught that the Messiah would make His appearance twice: once for salvation, and second time—to overthrow the kingdoms of men and establish His righteous kingdom.

Jesus came first to conquer sin and death; later, He will overcome and subdue all of the kingdoms of this world. It was the timing of God’s Messiah that the Jews did not understand.

What if Israel had received Jesus as the Messiah?

If Jesus had been received by Israel as the Messiah upon the preaching of John the Baptist, our world today would be a much different place. God, knowing that Jesus would not be received, set into motion a wonderful plan of salvation for the whole world—by the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

Had Jesus been received at that time, several puzzling questions would have to be answered. What would have happen to the world if Jesus had not been rejected by Israel and He had not gone to the cross to be crucified for our sins, rising from the dead three days later? If the Messiah had set up the kingdom of God on earth immediately and there had been no sacrifice for our sins, how would the whole world be redeemed?

We can only speculate, because we don’t really know.

It is possible that Jesus would have established a similar scenario to what is described in the book of Revelation. Those who survive the seven year Tribulation as mortals and are yet to be redeemed, will enter the kingdom age of the Messiah that will begin at that time and have the opportunity for redemption. Revelation chapter 20 describes those who come out of the seven year Tribulation and are permitted to enter Jesus kingdom on earth, for one thousand years—based on their obedience to His authority. These individuals will enjoy a perfect life free of sickness, disease, and death.[19]

As you can see, the evidence for Jesus as a Prophet, Priest, and King, is overwhelming. Jesus fulfilled fourteen predictions that He spoke in the New Testament, as well as fulfilled all of the Prophecies of the Messiah. Jesus is the person to whom all these prophecies are written and this fact is compelling proof for His deity. Jesus’ right to rule the world and the fact that He is coming again to establish a one thousand-year reign here on the earth is proven conclusively by all of the evidence described in this book.


[1] Proven by the eyewitness accounts of the New Testament, kept in confidence of these facts, by the Christian church—for over 2,000 years—without any credible impeachment of this event, ever. The fact that the church grew exponentially in the first 100 years, is significant of the true event of Jesus resurrection. Jesus continues to drastically change the lives of every person who comes into a new relationship with Him, as a further—practical demonstration of His resurrection as a reality of history.
[2] On seventeen occasion, the writers of the gospels confirm that Jesus was fulfilling the prophecies of the Messiah—written in the Hebrew scriptures.
Matthew 1:22 So all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying:
Matthew 2:15 and was there until the death of Herod, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, “Out of Egypt I called My Son.”
Matthew 2:23 And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, “He shall be called a Nazarene.”
Matthew 4:14 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying:
Matthew 8:17 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying: “He Himself took our infirmities And bore our sicknesses.”
Matthew 12:17 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying:
Matthew 13:35 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: “I will open My mouth in parables; I will utter things kept secret from the foundation of the world.”
Matthew 21:4 All this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying:
Matthew 26:56 But all this was done that the Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled.” ¶ Then all the disciples forsook Him and fled.
Matthew 27:35 Then they crucified Him, and divided His garments, casting lots, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet: “They divided My garments among them, And for My clothing they cast lots.”
John 12:38 that the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spoke: “Lord, who has believed our report? And to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?”
John 15:25 But this happened that the word might be fulfilled which is written in their law, “They hated Me without a cause.’
John 17:12 While I was with them in the world, I kept them in Your name. Those whom You gave Me I have kept; and none of them is lost except the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled.
John 18:9 that the saying might be fulfilled which He spoke, “Of those whom You gave Me I have lost none.”
John 18:32 that the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled which He spoke, signifying by what death He would die.
John 19:24 They said therefore among themselves, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be,” that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says: “They divided My garments among them, And for My clothing they cast lots.”Therefore the soldiers did these things.
John 19:28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, “I thirst!”
[3] Numbers 32:14, the generation of those who complained against the Lord in the desert is describes as being 40 years.
[4] Josephus, the “Book of Wars”, Book 5, chapter 22, sections 1-3
[5] Flavius Josephus, The Wars of the Jews II.14.5
[6] Flavius Josephus, The Wars of the Jews, Book 2, Chapter 14, Section 6.
[7] Flavius Josephus, “The Wars of the Jews”, Book 2, Chapter 14, Section 9.
[8] Ibid.
[9] Levick, Barbara (1999). Vespasian. London: Routledge, pp. 116–119. ISBN 0-415-16618-7
[10] Ibid.
[11] Flavius Josephus. The Wars of the Jews or History of the Destruction of Jerusalem. BOOK VI. Containing The Interval Of About One Month. From The Great Extremity To Which The Jews Were Reduced To The Taking Of Jerusalem By Titus.. Book VI. Chapter 1.1.
[12] Ibid.
[13] Ibid.
[14] According to the New Living Translation by Thomas Nelson, Open Bible Commentary, Page 580.
[15] Flavius Josephus. The Wars of the Jews or History of the Destruction of Jerusalem. BOOK VI. Containing The Interval Of About One Month. From The Great Extremity To Which The Jews Were Reduced To The Taking Of Jerusalem By Titus.. Book VI. Chapter 1.1.
[16] “And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled” (Luke 21:24).
[17] The principle of a “kinsmen redeemer,” one who is like us—is established in the book of Ruth. Man’s savior, must be a man, perfect and without sin.
[18] Hebrews 9:26 …but now, once at the end of the ages, Jesus has appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.
[19] Isaiah 65:20