Revealed At Jerusalem

One of the things that happens when a person begins to read through the chapters that you are viewing, is the realization that the Bible is much more than was originally realized. A story is being told through the prophets of old from the Old Testament scriptures. Men have written descriptions of an individaul that will change the course of human history. There are those who refuse to believe that Jesus is a real person of history, while being unable to explain how the world has been so drastically affected by His myth.

If Jesus is the product of fabrication, created by first century writers, then why do we find records of His life and crucifixion in the records of the Roman senate and the Jewish Talmud?

The Romans

For more than 30 years, Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus had access to the Imperial and Senatorial archives of Rome, and many other contemporary memoirs and public documents.[1] According to historical experts of that period, much of the information that is left to us from Suetonius about the Roman Caesars, came from eye-witness accounts. Unlike Tacitus, Suetonius fact-checked the material that was contained within the Roman archives for accuracy. According to Suetonius, Jesus was well know to the Roman government. He was known as Chrestus, the one responsible for the disturbances reported by Pontius Pilate in Jerusalem. In “The Twelve Caesars,” by Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, he says:

“Because the Jews at Rome caused continuous disturbances at the instigation of Chrestus (Christ), he expelled them from the City.”[2]

This is a direct corroboration of the text of Tacitus, who also received his information from the Roman archives.

The Talmud

The Jewish Talmud was not written for Christianity. It is purely Jewish in origin and contains commentary for the Hebrew scriptures. However, the Talmud does contain verifying evidence that the person described as Jesus of Nazareth in the New Testament narrative, was in fact, a real person from that period of history.

There can be no doubt that the references in the Talmud to Jesus, as confirmed by noted scholars such as Peter Schäfer. The following are specific references to Jesus of Nazareth, as found in the Talmud under passages on execution in Sanhedrin 43 a-b.[3]

Herzog 1: On the eve of Passover, they hanged Jesus the Nazarene.
Vatican 130: He went and brought up Jesus the Nazarene.
Vatican 140: He went and brought up Jesus.
Munich 95: On the eve of the Passover, they hanged Jesus of Nazareth.
Firenze 11.1.8-9: On the Sabbath eve and the eve of Passover, they hanged Jesus the Nazarene.
Karisruhe 2: On the eve of Passover, they hanged Jesus the Nazarene.
Barco: On the eve of Passover, they hanged Jesus of Nazareth.

How did a myth find itself recorded and preserved in the records of uninterested, third parties who are both hostile to early Christianity?

The ancient scribes of Israel who chronicled Jesus in their writings, had no interest in preserving any historical information about Him, nor Christianity. The Jews who recorded their commentary about Jesus in the Talmud, regarded Him and His followers as the latest of many cult religions of their day. These leaders of Israel had no desire to document the existence of Jesus, His crucifixion, nor those who followed Him—yet this is precisely what they accomplished by their adversarial comments regarding His arrest and execution. These records were written during the period of history in which Jesus is reported to have been in Israel, as described by the narrative of the New Testament scriptures.[4]

Both the Jews and the Romans would rather that Jesus had not existed, yet they found themselves recording many of the events of His life and death—in their preserved records of history. The evidence of antiquity demands that Jesus existed as a real person in Israel, during the period of history in which the New Testament describes Him.

And so, we find Jesus arriving on a specific day that was chosen by God, before time began—when He would announce to the world that a Savior had come to earth who would offer salvation and eternal life to any person who would receive it.

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The Messiah will be revealed at Jerusalem.

Zechariah 9:9a Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your King is coming to you; He is just and having salvation, Lowly and riding on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey.

New Testament Fulfillment:

Matthew 21:8-11 And a very great multitude spread their clothes on the road; others cut down branches from the trees and spread them on the road. Then the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying: “Hosanna to the Son of David! ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!’ Hosanna in the highest!” And when He had come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, “Who is this?” So the multitudes said, “This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth of Galilee.”

Matthew 21:4-5 All this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: “Tell the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, your King is coming to you, Lowly, and sitting on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey.’ ”

The Arrival of the King

Zechariah 9:9 contains six important prophecies of the Messiah.

The Messiah will be revealed at Jerusalem (this chapter).
The Messiah will be proclaimed as King at Jerusalem.
The Messiah will be just.
He is bringing salvation.
He is coming humbly.
He will be riding on the foal of a donkey.

When the Messiah makes His entrance into the world, it will be at Jerusalem.

Zechariah wrote this incredible prophecy, 516 years before Jesus was born, 549 years before the event happened. We know from history that Zechariah lived and wrote in the second year of Darius 1st, king of Persia. Twenty-eighth years from Amyntas, king of Macedon. In the Fifteenth year of Tarquinius Superbus, the last king of the Romans.[5]

It is interesting that the Bible is the world’s best and most accurate record of history.[6] Many secular historians obtain important facts and specific dates about many important events from ancient history, from the pages of the Bible. No other document of antiquity can come close to the massive amount of information that the Bible accurately records. Contrary to criticism by those who try to find inconsistencies and contradictions in the Bible, what is viewed as capricious are actually quite easily explained when the full context and meaning of the text is understood. It is the critics who are misinformed, not the record of the Bible.

Robert D. Wilson, Ph.D., February 4, 1856–October 11, 1930, was an American linguist and Biblical Scholar who was fluent in 45 ancient languages and dialects and had memorized the entire Old Testament in Hebrew. Dr. Wilson was able to recite, from memory, every word of the Hebrew scriptures without missing a syllable.[7]

Dr. Wilson demonstrated that the secular accounts of 29 ancient kings from 10 different nations were inaccurate. At the same time, He also firmly established that the names of these kings, as they are recorded in the Old Testament scriptures, matched the artifacts of Archeology empirically.[8]

Today, those who have criticized the Bible for being inaccurate have eaten their own words. The secular record has been proven inaccurate by discoveries of modern archeology, while the Biblical descriptions of archeological artifacts have been proven true.[9]

Previous claims that certain references in the Bible, such as the depiction of King David, Pontius Pilate, and the ancient Hittites—once claimed by critics of the Old Testament as myths, have been proven by archeological discoveries to be absolutely accurate.

Professor Wilson wrote:

“I have come to the conviction that no man knows enough to attack the veracity of the Old Testament. Every time when anyone has been able to get together enough documentary ‘proofs’ to undertake an investigation, the biblical facts in the original text have victoriously met the test”[10]

Today, no credible scholar disputes the accuracy of Biblical accounts of ancient cities, cultures, or people. They are beyond dispute and without impeachment.

Nelson Glueck is considered one of the world’s greatest Archeologists. His work in the discovery of over 1,500 ancient sites led him to the firm conclusion that every reference in the Old Testament scriptures which refers to an ancient city, civilization, or people, were entirely accurate in every regard.

In the words of Dr. Nelson Glueck:

“It may be stated categorically that no archeological discovery has ever controverted a single biblical reference. Scores of archeological findings have been made which confirm in clear outline or in exact detail historical statements in the Bible.”[11]

The evidence presented to us by the archeological record of ancient history demands a conclusion that the Bible is perfect in all its descriptions of the historical events it reports. Dr. Wilson describes the record of Biblical precision, which accurately describes names, cities, and events of history, as a marvel unequalled by any other literature of antiquity.

“That the Hebrew writers should have transliterated these names with such accuracy and conformity to philological principles is a wonderful proof of their thorough care and scholarship and of their access to the original sources. That the names should have been transmitted to us through so many copyings and so many centuries in so complete a state of preservation is a phenomenon unequaled in the history of literature.”[12]

Those who purport to be “experts” or scholarly authorities on the inaccuracies allegedly found in the Bible should go back to school and learn the important study of Paleography and the ancient languages in which the Bible was written.[13]

“Before a man has the right to speak about the history, the language, and the paleography of the Old Testament, the Christian church has the right to demand that such a man should establish his ability to do so.” —R.D. Wilson

The preciseness of the Bible is also observed by the prophecies of the Old Testament which are corroborated in the narrative of the New Testament.

The prophet Zechariah records thirty of the most detailed and amazing predictions found in the Old Testament. Chapters 1-8 speak of prophetic events in the future. Chapters 9-14 deal with the events of the last days, when the Messiah will make His entrance into the world, beginning at Jerusalem. Zechariah uses the term “on that day” as a signal to us that he is describing events of the future work and ministry of the Messiah.

The record of the prophetic word which describes the Messiah—revealing Himself at Jerusalem, is an incredible piece of evidence for authenticity. Notice how the first verse from Zechariah and the second verse from Matthew fit together perfectly—though they were written seven hundred years apart, by two different authors. When we omit the verse numbers from this text, they appear as if they were written by the same person.

Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your King is coming to you; He is just and having salvation, Lowly and riding on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey.[14]

All this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: “Tell the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, your King is coming to you, Lowly, and sitting on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey.[15]’ ”


[1] Graves, Robert (2014-03-05). The Twelve Caesars (Kindle Locations 30-34). RosettaBooks. Kindle Edition.
[2] Graves, Robert (2014-03-05). The Twelve Caesars (Kindle Locations 3343-3345). RosettaBooks. Kindle Edition.
[3] English translations of the Talmud from Peter Schäfer, pp 133–140
[4] The following are specific references to Jesus of Nazareth, as found in the Talmud under passages on execution in Sanhedrin 43 a-b.⁠1
Herzog 1: On the eve of Passover, they hanged Jesus the Nazarene.
Vatican 130: He went and brought up Jesus the Nazarene.
Vatican 140: He went and brought up Jesus.
Munich 95: On the eve of the Passover, they hanged Jesus of Nazareth.
Firenze 11.1.8-9: On the Sabbath eve and the eve of Passover, they hanged Jesus the Nazarene.
Karisruhe 2: On the eve of Passover, they hanged Jesus the Nazarene.
Barco: On the eve of Passover, they hanged Jesus of Nazareth.
1 English translations of the Talmud from Peter Schäfer, pp 133–140
[5] Adam Clarke’s Commentary on the Old Testament Zechariah chapter 9, verse 9
[6] Thompson, Thomas L. (2014). Biblical Narrative and Palestine’s History: Changing Perspectives 2. Routledge.
[7] 1.This includes all the Biblical and cognate languages, i.e., Hebrew, Aramaic, the Sumerian/Babylonian dialects, Phoenician, Assyrian, Ethiopic, the various Egyptian and Persian dialects.
2.Nelson Glueck: Biblical Archaeologist and President of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, Jonathan M. Brown, Laurence Kutler, Hebrew Union College Press, 2006
[8] “A Scientific Investigation of the Old Testament,” by R. D. Wilson, “Is Higher Criticism Scholarly,” and “Which Bible,” by David Otis Fuller, who studied under Dr. Wilson at Princeton Theological Seminary.
[9] An interesting discovery in 1910 by Sir William Ramsey, debunked the secular record of Cicero of the Romans who described Iconium as being in Lycaonia. Luke describes Lystra and Derbe as being in Lycaonia. Acts 14:6 they became aware of it and fled to Lystra and Derbe, cities of Lycaonia, and to the surrounding region.
[10] Quoted in R. Pache, The Inspiration and Authority of Scripture
[11] Nelson Glueck, Rivers in the Desert, 1960, pageg 31
[12] “A Scientific Investigation of the Old Testament,” by R. D. Wilson
[13] Paleography is the study of ancient writing systems and the deciphering and dating of historical manuscripts
[14] Zechariah 9:9a
[15] Matthew 21:4-5