The Branch

The specific facts of the Bible which describe the coming of One who will free the world of evil, suffering, and death, is incredibly detailed. In order to believe that the Bible is a conglomeration of myth’s and errors, as some people claim, a person would have to ignore the intricate and specific events that it has predicted accurately. How could any quantity of human literature have the capacity to tell us in advance, intricate details that have yet to take place?

Isaiah is the prophet who predicts the terror of the antichrist in the last days, who comes to destroy the nation of Israel. Jeremiah, describes a Messiah who will not only come from the lineage of David, but will be a Righteous Branch. Ezekiel wrote that Messiah will be from the Highest Branch of David’s Government. Zechariah describes the Messiah as the Servant of God, who will offer Himself for the sins of the world.

Isaiah’s ministry existed in history from: 740-680 B.C.[1]
Jeremiah wrote his prophecies from: 627-580 B.C.[2]
Ezekiel, from: 592-570 B.C.[3]
Zechariah, from: 520-470 B.C.[4]

Each of these men lived during different period of Israel and Judah’s existence; all three wrote their prophecies 500-700 years before Jesus arrived at Jerusalem and announced that He was the Messiah. All four write a different view and aspect of the Messiah’s ministry, of which, Jesus perfectly fulfilled in the narrative of the New Testament.

How is this possible, unless these men had been given this information from an intelligent source that exists from outside time?

Then Jesus said to them, “These are the words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things must be fulfilled which were written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me.” Luke 24:44

This chapter contains three parts:

One: Isaiah; The Messiah will preserve and protect Israel from the antichrist
Two: Jeremiah; The Messiah will be a Branch of Righteousness
Three: Ezekiel; He shall be from the Highest Branch of David’s government
Four: Zechariah; Messiah will be the Lord’s Servant, His Branch

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Part One: The Messiah, the “Branch,” shall be seen by Israel as beautiful and glorious on the day that her eyes are opened, and she receives Him as her Savior.

Isaiah 4:2, speaks of the Branch as an instrument that God uses in the deliverance of the nation of Israel from the threat of obliteration that will be made by the antichrist—during the seven-year Tribulation.

The tribulation is a period of time described by the Old Testament, when God will bring Israel to salvation. During these seven years, the nation will believe in Jesus Christ as the Messiah and be saved.

Isaiah 4:2 In that day the Branch of the LORD shall be beautiful and glorious; And the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and appealing For those of Israel who have escaped.

New Testament Fulfillment:

Romans 11:25-27 For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion, that blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in. And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: “The Deliverer will come out of Zion, And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob; For this is My covenant with them, When I take away their sins.”

Matthew 24:15-27 “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (whoever reads, let him understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. Let him who is on the housetop not go down to take anything out of his house. And let him who is in the field not go back to get his clothes. But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days! And pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the Sabbath. For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be. And unless those days were shortened, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect’s sake those days will be shortened. Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘There!’ do not believe it. For false christs and false prophets will rise and show great signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, even the elect. See, I have told you beforehand. Therefore if they say to you, ‘Look, He is in the desert!’ do not go out; or ‘Look, He is in the inner rooms!’ do not believe it. For as the lightning comes from the east and flashes to the west, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be.”

Revelation 12:13-16 Now when the dragon saw that he had been cast to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male Child. But the woman was given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness to her place, where she is nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent. So the serpent spewed water out of his mouth like a flood after the woman, that he might cause her to be carried away by the flood. But the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed up the flood which the dragon had spewed out of his mouth.

Let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains

In Matthew Chapter 25, Jesus takes detailed steps to inform Israel of what will happen when the beast seizes power over the world. At the beginning of the seven years, there will be a peace plan signed by Israel and the surrounding nations. Midway into the seven years, the antichrist (the beast) will break the peace and cause the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel Chapter 9 and Matthew Chapter 24.

An image of the beast will be placed in the Holy of Holies—in the newly rebuilt temple at Jerusalem. This image will come to life and command the world to give their worship to the beast.

Revelation 13:14-17 And he deceives those who dwell on the earth by those signs which he was granted to do in the sight of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived. He was granted power to give breath to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed. He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

Jesus warns Israel, in Matthew 25, that when they hear this command to worship the beast, they should flee Israel as quickly as possible. Their journey out of Israel will most likely lead them to the rock city of Petra in Jordan—where the Lord has promised to protect the fleeing inhabitants of Israel during the final three and one half years of the Great Tribulation. See the chapter: “Destroy the antichrist.”

Revelation 12:6 Then the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, that they should feed her there one thousand two hundred and sixty days.

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During the time of Israel’s flight from Jerusalem, the beast will dispatch his armies to destroy the fleeing Jews. God will supernaturally open a fissure in the earth to swallow the armies of the beast. This miraculous event, by supernatural power from God, will open the eyes of the Jews and cause them to finally receive Jesus as their Messiah.

Matthew 24: But the woman was given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness to her place, where she is nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent. So the serpent spewed water out of his mouth like a flood after the woman, that he might cause her to be carried away by the flood. But the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed up the flood which the dragon had spewed out of his mouth.

The woman: Israel (Revelation 12:1)
Two wings of a great eagle: Carried by the Lord (Deuteronomy 32:11)
The Wilderness: Petra (Isaiah 16:4)
A time and times and a half time: 3 ½ years (Daniel 7:25)
The serpent: satan, the beast, the antichrist (Revelation 12:9)
The Flood: A great army: “when the enemy comes in like a flood” (Isaiah 59:19).
The Earth opened its mouth: A fissure in the earth (Numbers 16:32)

At the moment of Israel’s realization that Jesus is their long-awaited Messiah, they will see Him as beautiful and glorious—as Isaiah predicted in chapter 4:2. This will be the fulfillment of Isaiah 4:2.

Isaiah 4:2 In that day the Branch of the LORD shall be beautiful and glorious; And the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and appealing For those of Israel who have escaped.

Isaiah further defines the identity of the Branch, as a Nazarene, the specific place of residence for the Messiah and His family

The Messiah shall come as a “Branch” out of David’s lineage, the Netzer, a Nazarene.

Isaiah 11:1-2 There shall come forth a Rod from the stem of Jesse, And a Branch shall grow out of his roots.

New Testament Fulfillment:

Luke 2:1-5 And it came to pass in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. This census first took place while Quirinius was governing Syria. So all went to be registered, everyone to his own city. Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David, to be registered with Mary, his betrothed wife, who was with child.

The prediction of Isaiah 11:1, describes the Messiah as coming from a Branch in David’s line. The Hebrew word for Branch is Netzer, from where the word Nazarene could be inferred. This is a Hebrew play-on-words that seems to imply that the Messiah will come from the line of David and that He will be referred to as The Nazarene. Seventeen times in the New Testament, Jesus is referred to as Jesus of Nazareth.

John 1:45 Philip found Nathanael and said to him, “We have found Him of whom Moses in the law, and also the prophets, wrote—Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.”

The reason that this title is so important is that most Jews during this period of history, did not believe that “anything good could come from Nazareth.” The Romans had stationed an army garrison in Nazareth. Because the Roman soldiers were constantly exercising their authority over the citizens of this area, the people began to hate and despise the rulership of the Romans. We can see how despised Nazareth was, by the statement of Nathanael, when he is told by Phillip that the Messiah has been found and He is called “Jesus of Nazareth.”

John 1:46 And Nathanael said to him, “Can anything good come out of Nazareth?”

It is fitting that the one who was predicted by Isaiah the prophet, as the Messiah, would be despised and rejected—partly because He was from the hated and despised town of Nazareth.

The Messiah will be “Despised and Rejected,” as predicted in Isaiah 53:3.

Isaiah 53:3 He is despised and rejected by men…

The Messiah will not come to earth with great pomp and circumstance as most kings of that day would make their entry into a city. He will come humbly as a Branch out of David’s flawed and withered kingdom to bring new life and great joy to the whole world.

When the Lord called David to be the king of Israel, David was not even with his older brothers. He is found high in the mountains attending to the needs of the sheep.

As the oldest son of Jesse, Eliab comes before the prophet Samuel. He must have looked like a king because Samuel proclaimed: “Surely the Lord’s anointed is before Him!” The Lord told Samuel that the Lord “does not look at the physical appearance of a man; He looks at the heart.” The oldest son of Jesse was rejected by God because He was looking for a man “after His own heart.”

David’s heart was to tend the sheep high up on the mountain. All alone, and always reflecting on the goodness and grace of the Lord, David was a humble man whom God described as: after His own heart. The Lord loves humble men and women who feel that they are far too weak and unqualified to do anything for God. The Lord delights in the powerless, the weak, the poor, and the fearful. All these, the Lord can transform and make into an instrument of power, to accomplish great things.

Most people might imagine that the “King of kings” would make His introduction to earth with a great company of soldiers, musicians, and entourage. Jesus came to us in a humble stable, born in the company of farm animals. Jesus came as the Messiah by an unpretentious introduction so that even the lowest upon the earth would never feel that they were beyond the reach of this great King.

Jesus came to a place where they had no room for Him at the local lodging house. He was born to poor parents, who had to make the 80-mile journey from Jerusalem to Bethlehem, by donkey. His welcoming committee were humble shepherds who were tending their flocks.

He came as the fulfillment of Isaiah 11:1-2. In this prophecy, the Messiah will be known as the Netzer, the Nazarene. He was hated and despised by those who wanted to kill Him; but to we who love Him, He is the reason for our existence and the One to whom we place all our hopes and dreams.

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Part Two: The Messiah shall be a Righteous “Branch” out of the line of David.

The Messiah shall be a descendant of David, who is called “THE LORD, OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.”
Jeremiah 23:5-6 “Behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD, “That I will raise to David a Branch of righteousness; A King shall reign and prosper, And execute judgment and righteousness in the earth. Jeremiah In His days Judah will be saved, And Israel will dwell safely; Now this is His name by which He will be called: THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.”

New Testament Fulfillment:

Matthew 1:1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David…

Luke 3:23-31 Now Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, the son of Heli, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Janna, the son of Joseph, 25 the son of Mattathiah, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, the son of Maath, the son of Mattathiah, the son of Semei, the son of Joseph, the son of Judah, the son of Joannas, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmodam, the son of Er, the son of Jose, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonan, the son of Eliakim, the son of Melea, the son of Menan, the son of Mattathah, the son of Nathan, the son of David

1 Corinthians 1:30 But of Him you are in Christ Jesus, who became for us wisdom from God—and righteousness and sanctification and redemption—

2 Peter 1:1 Simon Peter, a bondservant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have obtained like precious faith with us by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ:

Hebrews 1:8 But to the Son He says: “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom.”

The Biblical principle of righteousness, defines all human beings as incapable of perfection before God. According to the Lord, if a person will be seen as Righteous, this righteousness must be imparted from the Lord.

Psalms 14:3 They have all turned aside, They have together become corrupt; There is none who does good, No, not one.

1 Corinthians 1:30 But of Him you are in Christ Jesus, who became for us wisdom from God—and righteousness and sanctification and redemption

2 Corinthians 5:21 For He made Jesus who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

When anyone places all of their trust in Jesus Christ, they exchange their unrighteousness for Jesus’ perfect righteousness.

In this chapter, God promises that He will send us a Savior who will not only take away all of our sins, but He will also give us perfect righteousness in the sight of God.

One of the names of God from the Old Testament is Jehovah-Tsidqenuw, “The Lord, Our Righteousness.”

According to this prophecy of Jeremiah 23:5-6, the Lord will raise up a Branch from the line of David, who will be called THE LORD, OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.

Jeremiah writes again; the same prophecy of a Messiah who is a Branch of Righteousness.

Jeremiah 33:14-15 “Behold, the days are coming,’ says the LORD, ‘that I will perform that good thing which I have promised to the house of Israel and to the house of Judah: “In those days and at that time I will cause to grow up to David A Branch of righteousness; He shall execute judgment and righteousness in the earth.

New Testament Fulfillment:

Luke 3:23-31 Now Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, the son of Heli… the son of Nathan, the son of David…

Matthew 21:15 But when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that Jesus did, and the children crying out in the temple and saying, “Hosanna to the Son of David!” they were indignant…

A Branch of Righteousness:

Jeremiah describes a day in which the Messiah will arrive on the earth to perform that good things which the Lord has promised to Israel and Judah. A Branch of righteousness will come from from the line of David who will impart the very righteousness of God Himself, upon each person who places all of their trust in the sacrifice of the Messiah for their sins.

The Bible has firmly established that the righteousness that all human beings currently possess, is not acceptable to God. Jesus came to be The LORD, our righteousness. When we place all of our trust in the completed work of Jesus Christ, His righteousness becomes our righteousness. Our sins become His sins. An exchange takes place in regard to these two important points that will forever determine our standing and state before God. When our sins are removed and the righteousness of Jesus is placed into our account, we are perfect in the sight of God and fit for heaven.

The Messiah is also called “The Branch” in Isaiah 4:2, and 11:1, Jeremiah 23:5, Jeremiah 33:15, Zechariah 3:8 and 6:12.

Notice that the Lord in speaking through Jeremiah, says: I will perform that good thing which I have promised…

This statement by the Lord, is really the key to understanding many of these Old Testament prophecies. The Lord wants to perform “good things” for us, by fulfilling these promises. In showing us that He has control over the history of all mankind, and that He knows what is going to happen to us in the future, He has told us about these things, in advance. The fact that not one word of all God’s promises has ever failed, should give us great confidence in the word of God and His ability to do what He has promised in all of His word.

Joshua 23:14 Behold, this day I am going the way of all the earth. And you know in all your hearts and in all your souls that not one thing has failed of all the good things which the LORD your God spoke concerning you. All have come to pass for you; not one word of them has failed.

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Part three: The Messiah shall be from the “Highest Branches.”

David, as the King of Israel, was the highest branch of government. Here in this chapter, Ezekiel describes the Messiah as the “topmost Branch,” the highest of David’s line. When Jesus arrived in Jerusalem, His fulfillment of all the Old Testament prophecies of the Messiah—proved conclusively that He is the Son of David, a Branch even higher than the kingdom of David; the Living God.

It will be from this highest place of authority that Jesus, as the Messiah, will rule over the earth for one thousand years; beginning shortly after the end of the seven-year Tribulation.

Ezekiel 17:22 Thus says the Lord GOD: “I will take also one of the highest branches of the high cedar and set it out. I will crop off from the topmost of its young twigs a tender one, and will plant it on a high and prominent mountain.”

New Testament Fulfillment:

Matthew 22:42-45 Jesus… saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?” They said to Him, “The Son of David.” He said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying: ‘The LORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool” ’? If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his Son?”

Matthew 27:54 So when the centurion and those with him, who were guarding Jesus, saw the earthquake and the things that had happened, they feared greatly, saying, “Truly this was the Son of God!”

Mark 1:1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.

Luke 1:30-33 Then the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bring forth a Son, and shall call His name JESUS. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end.”

From David’s House:

Ezekiel’s prophecy of the Messiah—originating from the House of David is a well documented fact of the Hebrew scriptures. Ezekiel’s prophecy is unique in that he describes the Messiah’s rule as a “Theocracy,” a time when God rules over the affairs of men. Of greater importance, is the fact that the Messiah will be more than just a descendant of King David; He will also be the First King, from eternity—the King of all kings and Lord of the universe.

Philippians 2:9-11 Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name, 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth, 11 and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

How many times—when we have a need, a doubt, a prayer request—do we realize that the one to whom we are communicating is the Lord of the Universe? We are addressing the Creator who spoke everything into existence and who controls all the events of human history, by the word of His power. If we would remember this truth and the fact that He loved us so much that He was willing to give His life for us, we should never be afraid of anything—ever again.

As the Messiah will rule from the highest authority in the universe, His reign will be absolute and without remonstrance. Jesus is not coming to bring a democracy to the earth; He is returning to rule with the absolute authority and righteousness of God-Himself.

No successful opposition will be mounted against Jesus government of righteousness. Every knee will bow to His authority and every tongue will confess that He is worthy of the title: “Lord.”[6]

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Incredible as it might sound, God came to earth to serve us and give His life for ours.

When a person does not understand who Jesus really is and the reason that we find Him so indelibly written in human history, their understanding of Him will be greatly obstructed. Although Jesus is described as the Creator of all that exists, He is also depicted as the Servant, who comes to offer His life for every person. Why this was necessary, and what Jesus was willing to do to save us all from an impossible destiny, is the incredible subject of this book.

Part four: The Messiah will be known as The Branch and My Servant.

Zechariah 3:8 Hear, O Joshua, the high priest, You and your companions who sit before you, For they are a wondrous sign; For behold, I am bringing forth My Servant the BRANCH.

New Testament Fulfillment:

Matthew 1:1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, (The BRANCH).

John 17:4 (Father) I have glorified You on the earth. I have finished the work which You have given Me to do.

Philippians 2:5-8 Christ Jesus, who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men. And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross.

Isaiah 42:1, makes it clear that the Messiah will make Himself a servant to God in order to secure the salvation of all people. At the conclusion of His sacrifice for our sins, Jesus once again assumed all of His former rights as God. We should understand that when Jesus was here on earth as the Messiah and a servant to God, He did not cease to be God. This would not be possible. Jesus has always been God, and always will be God. Jesus voluntarily humbled Himself to set aside some of His rights in order to fulfill the prophecies of the Messiah, who would come as a servant of God for the salvation of all mankind.

For an in-depth examination of Jesus as the Servant, see the chapter: “Coming as a Servant.”


[1] Source: The Open Bible Commentary, published by Thomas Nelson, 1998, Nashville, TN.
[2] Ibid
[3] Ibid
[4] Ibid
[5] Imagery copyright 2013 Terrametrics, Map data copyright 2013 Googlemaps GIsrael, ORION-ME, Used by permission under Google permissions: http://www.google.com/permissions/geoguidelines.html
[6] Philippians 2:9-11 Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name, 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth, 11 and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.