David wrote a curious Psalm regarding the coming Messiah:
Psalms 110:1a The LORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”
When Jesus arrived in Jerusalem, He used this Psalm to confound the religious leaders of Israel. The fact that Jesus is both David’s son and his Lord is confirmed by Jesus’ question to the Pharisees: “How can the coming Christ, the Messiah, be both David’s Son and his Lord?”
Matthew 22:41-45 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?” They said to Him, “The Son of David.” He said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying: ‘The LORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool” ’? If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his Son?”
When Jesus asks this question of the religious leadership of Israel, no one was able to answer Him. This is because it was generally accepted by the Jews that Psalms 110:1 was speaking of the Messiah. If the Messiah is both a son and Lord, He must also be God and man. The idea that God could be dwelling within the person of Jesus Christ, was a reality that was totally unacceptable to the leaders of Israel. Yet, this is exactly what David was predicting when he penned Psalms 110:1.
As Jesus presents their own scriptures, which clearly prove that the Messiah will be both a human being—as He is David’s descendant—and the Lord of heaven, the Pharisees are confounded. They realize that Jesus is claiming to be the one whom David speaks of. As a result, these men are perplexed as to what they should do with Jesus. He accurately interprets David’s true intent when He wrote this Psalm—Yet the reality that Jehovah could be standing before them in the form of a man, was beyond their ability to accept or comprehend.
Today, many people are faced with a similar dilemma. How can God become a human being? Why would He, and to what end? This is the great paradox of salvation—that God would create us, knowing ahead of time that we would require a Savior, which would necessitate His death. According to the blueprint for redemption that is found in the Book of Ruth, only a close relative could fulfill the role of a redeemer (Prophecy 47). In order for God to redeem all human beings from the penalty of their sins, He would need to become one of us. He would have to be born without a sin nature, by virgin birth, and continue to live without sin for His entire life. Only if He could meet these requirements would He qualify to offer His life in exchange for all other human lives.
The qualifications and purposes of the Messiah:
1. He will have the unlimited value of God’s eternal life.
2. He must become one of us, born as a human being; yet by virgin birth, without the sin nature.
3. He must live a perfect life as a man and never sin, or He will be disqualified as the Savior.
4. He will offer His life as a perfect sacrifice in exchange for all human lives and pay the penalty that is owed to God for all sins.
5. If we believe the four preceding points, our record of sin is removed by God as if they never existed, and we become perfect.
6. Upon our trust in the sacrifice of the Messiah for our sins, we receive eternal life—never to die again, destined to live and reign with Christ forever.
7. As a result of His obedience in laying down His life for all people, the Messiah will be exalted above all others as King, Lord, and Judge over the whole universe.
This is the purpose for all of the Old Testament prophecies that concern the Messiah:
To demonstrate that one man will come and fulfill all the requirements—demanded by God and make our salvation a reality. When Jesus questioned the leaders of Israel as to who they thought David was describing in Psalms 110:1a, they were forced to acknowledge that He met all the qualifications which God had established. Though the evidence was overwhelming, these men suffered from a deficient will to accept Him as the Messiah. Jesus used their own scriptures to bring to light the real reason that they would not receive Him. It was not because He lacked the qualifications to prove who He was. The problem was: these men had an insufficient will to believe that Jesus was the one whom David had predicted.
The Messiah that David described in this 142nd prophecy, was standing before the leaders of Israel, nevertheless, they would not believe. Later, Jesus would pronounce upon the entire nation that their house would be left to them desolate because they did not recognize the day of their visitation by the Messiah and receive Him.
Matthew 23:37-39 “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing! 38 See! Your house is left to you desolate; 39 for I say to you, you shall see Me no more till you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!’ ”
Luke 19:42-44 saying, “If you had known, even you, especially in this your day, the things that make for your peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes. 43 For days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment around you, surround you and close you in on every side, 44 and level you, and your children within you, to the ground; and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not know the time of your visitation.”
Immediately after this encounter with the leaders of Israel, Jesus entered the Court of the Gentiles and drove the money changers out of the Temple, without opposition—exercising His authority as the Messiah (Prophecy 116).
With the vast number of Old Testament prophecies that vividly describe the Messiah, even revealing the precise day when He would appear, the scribes and the Pharisees should have been eagerly anticipating His arrival. Jesus came to Jerusalem on the precise day that the Prophet Daniel predicted, yet only a few people lined the streets proclaiming the words of Psalm 118 that were required when the Messiah arrived (Prophecy 149). The leaders of Israel missed their opportunity; and the entire nation suffered tremendously as a result of their error. Just 38 years later, the Roman General Titus destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple, and made their nation a desolation. All this, in fulfillment of the words of Jesus in His pronouncement upon Israel:
Matthew 24:2-13 And Jesus said to them, “Do you not see all these things? Assuredly, I say to you, not one stone (of the temple) shall be left here upon another, that shall not be thrown down.” 3 Now as He sat on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things be? And what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?” 4 And Jesus answered and said to them: (Jesus’ description of events leading up to the seven-year Tribulation) “Take heed that no one deceives you. 5 For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and will deceive many. 6 And you will hear of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not troubled; for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet. 7 For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. And there will be famines, pestilences, and earthquakes in various places. 8 All these are the beginning of sorrows. (Jesus’ description of the seven-year Tribulation) 9 Then they will deliver you up to tribulation and kill you, and you will be hated by all nations for My name’s sake. 10 And then many will be offended, will betray one another, and will hate one another. 11 Then many false prophets will rise up and deceive many. 12 And because lawlessness will abound, the love of many will grow cold. 13 But he who endures to the end shall be saved.”
In these 12 verses from the gospel of Matthew, Jesus describes the final 70th week of Daniel Chapter 9, in which a period of Tribulation for seven years will come upon the whole world (Prophecy 312). Jesus warned the Jews who would be living in Jerusalem during this time, to not receive him who claims to be their Messiah, for he will be a false Christ. Jesus, the true Messiah—will return at the end of the seven year Tribulation with His church. The Jews who endure this great time of trial will receive Jesus as the Messiah and declare at His arrival: Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord (Prophecy 354). These are the words that Jesus told the Jews that they would say to Him upon His return, at the end of the seven-year Tribulation, as described in Matthew 23:39, above.
… for I say to you, you shall see Me no more till you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!’