The prophet Isaiah describes the coming Messiah as both a “Son,” and “the Everlasting Father.” How is this possible?
Isaiah 9:6g For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father…
The key to understanding these statements is found by examining the life of Jesus, as He reveals what Isaiah’s words really mean. It is interesting that by a single line of text from Isaiah 9:6, God speaks through this prophet and predicts 11 separate attributes of the Messiah–which must all be fulfilled by one person. If the Messiah will be able to demonstrate that He is the true Savior of the world: He must fulfill every part of Isaiah prophecy.
He will be a human being.
He will be a child.
He will be a Son.
He will be called Wonderful.
He will be called a Counselor.
He will be called Mighty God.
He will be called Everlasting Father.
He will be called Prince of Peace.
Of His kingdom there will be no end.
His kingdom will be established upon the throne of David.
His kingdom will be of righteous judgement and justice forever.
Hebrew names have a meaning attached to them. The name that a father would give to his son often held a definition for the kind of person that son would become. Often, God would change a person’s name to indicate a change in the a person’s life who had placed himself under the control of God’s Spirit.
Jacob’s name was changed to Israel. Jacob means liar or deceiver. The name Israel means ruled by God.
The name Abraham is spoken of by God as a father of many nations.
Genesis 17:5 No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I have made you a father of many nations.
At the beginning, Abraham was called Abram. Later, God changed his name to Abraham. The addition of the Hebrew sound, “ha,” (the sound of breath or the Spirit), is what made Abraham the father of many nations. It was the Spirit of God that changed Abraham’s life.
Abraham is also called The father of faith because he believed what God said. The faith that Abraham displayed in believing God was accounted to him as “righteousness.” Abraham’s righteousness in believing God made it possible for all future generations after him to understand that God will save all those who take Him at His word. God’s promise is that He would send us a Messiah who would suffer and die for the sins of the world. If we will receive Him, God will account us as righteous, just as He did Abraham.
By God changing Abram’s name to Abraham and describing him as the father of many nations, we can understand what Isaiah’s prophecy of the Messiah, called: Everlasting Father, means.
Father means originator, or first in importance
According to Isaiah’s prophecy of the Messiah, He is the Father or originator of all things, thus the term: Everlasting Father. The word Everlasting is another way of saying Eternal. The Bible described Jesus as the Eternal Creator of all things and the Author of our salvation. In this regard, He is the Everlasting Father or originator, from eternity, of all things.
Colossians 1:16-17 For by Jesus all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him. 17 And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist.
Hebrews 5:9 And having been perfected, Jesus became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him…
Hebrews 12:2 looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith…
Jesus is not the Father, the Father is not Jesus
The Messiah will be called The Everlasting Father; not in the sense that Jesus and the Father are the same person. The Bible nowhere makes this statement. In fact, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are clearly seen as three distinct and separate persons throughout the Old and New Testaments.
One occurrence in the New Testament, where the three are easily distinguishable from each other, is Matthew chapter 3—where Jesus has come to the Jordan river at the beginning of His public ministry, to be baptized.
Matthew 3:13-17 Then Jesus came from Galilee to John at the Jordan to be baptized by him. And John tried to prevent Him, saying, “I need to be baptized by You, and are You coming to me?” But Jesus answered and said to him, “Permit it to be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.” Then he allowed Him. When He had been baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting upon Him. And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”
These Three are One God because of their Unity of will and purpose
In this single example, we see that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are distinct and separate persons, who are all called God by the Bible. Although these three are different and distinct from each other, they are One in unity. They are so closely linked together in their agreement in everything, they are really just One. Their complete agreement in all things, while still being distinct persons, is what makes them one God. It is the Absolute Unity of mind, will, and purpose, that makes the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit: One God.
These three are perfectly united as One God in carrying out their will. Their ultimate aim is to bring the earth into the same conformity of God’s will as the rest of the universe, where God’s word will be settled on earth, as it is in heaven.
Matthew 6:9-10 In this manner, therefore, pray: Our Father in heaven, Hallowed be Your name. Your kingdom come. Your will be done On earth as it is in heaven.
Psalms 119:89 Forever, O LORD, Your word is settled in heaven.
Why Messiah is called Everlasting Father
When Isaiah proclaims that the Messiah shall be called Everlasting Father, it is a statement that defines what the work of the Messiah will be. When the Messiah comes to earth, He will be known as one who does the will of the Father.
In Jesus’ prayer to the Father, the true “Lord’s Prayer” of John Chapter 17, notice how many times Jesus repeats the statement that it is His desire to do the will of the Father. I have included the entire text of John 17, so that it can be noted how many time Jesus refers to His desire to do and finish the will of the Father:
Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: “Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You, as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him. And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent. I have glorified You on the earth. I have finished the work which You have given Me to do. And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was. I have manifested Your name to the men whom You have given Me out of the world. They were Yours, You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word. Now they have known that all things which You have given Me are from You. For I have given to them the words which You have given Me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came forth from You; and they have believed that You sent Me. I pray for them. I do not pray for the world but for those whom You have given Me, for they are Yours. And all Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine, and I am glorified in them. Now I am no longer in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep through Your name those whom You have given Me, that they may be one as We are. While I was with them in the world, I kept them in Your name. Those whom You gave Me I have kept; and none of them is lost except the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled. But now I come to You, and these things I speak in the world, that they may have My joy fulfilled in themselves. I have given them Your word; and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. I do not pray that You should take them out of the world, but that You should keep them from the evil one. They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. Sanctify them by Your truth. Your word is truth. As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world. And for their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they also may be sanctified by the truth. I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word; that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me. And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me. Father, I desire that they also whom You gave Me may be with Me where I am, that they may behold My glory which You have given Me; for You loved Me before the foundation of the world. O righteous Father! The world has not known You, but I have known You; and these have known that You sent Me. And I have declared to them Your name, and will declare it, that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them.” –John 17:1-26
If we examine the names that Isaiah attributes to the Messiah in chapter 9, they are not really names that He will be called by; they are descriptions for who He is.
Prophecy 169: He will be a human being.
Prophecy 170: He will be a child.
Prophecy 171: He will be a Son.
Prophecy 172: He will be called Wonderful.
Prophecy 173: He will be called a Counselor.
Prophecy 174: He will be called Mighty God.
Prophecy 175: He will be called Everlasting Father.
Prophecy 176: He will be called Prince of Peace.
Prophecy 177: Of His kingdom there will be no end.
Prophecy 178: His kingdom will be established upon the throne of David.
Prophecy 179: His kingdom will be of righteous judgement and justice forever.
The Messiah is called the Everlasting Father because His goal is to complete the will of God in redeeming all those who will do what He has said: “Receive Jesus as Lord and Savior.”
Jesus often spoke of the fact that He did not come to do His own will but to complete the will of the Father.
John 5:30 … I do not seek My own will but the will of the Father who sent Me.
The testimony of Jesus is that He came to represent the Father and to submit His life to the Father as a sacrifice for all of our sins. Everything that Jesus said and did was an exact representation of the Father who sent Him. It is for this reason that Isaiah correctly referred to Jesus as: Everlasting Father.
 Strong’s Concordance of Hebrew words #3290 and Englishman’s Concordance of the Old Testament
 Strong’s Concordance of Hebrew words #3478 and Englishman’s Concordance of the Old Testament
 Galatians 3:7,9 and Hebrews 11