Isaiah’s Description of Messiah’s Suffering: Beard Ripped Out

COPYRIGHT WARNING

The Messiah will be beaten in His face and have His beard pulled out by His revilers.

 “I gave My back to those who struck Me, And My cheeks to those who plucked out the beard…” —Isaiah 50:6b

New Testament Fulfillment:

 “Then they spat in His face and beat Him; and others struck Him with the palms of their hands. ” —Matthew 26:67

Although there is no specific reference in the New Testament to anyone pulling Jesus’ beard out with their hands as Isaiah described, it is for certain that this took place. In actuality, the fact that it is omitted from the New Testament is further proof that the New Testament account of Jesus and His crucifixion are not only true but also accurate.

If someone were intending to falsify the account of Jesus’ life to make it match the clear Old Testament prophecies of Isaiah 50:6, it is for certain that they would include a description of Jesus having His beard pulled out. Scholars agree that Isaiah’s description is intended for the Messiah. It would have been very easy to add a description for Jesus having His beard torn from His face, if the writers of the gospels were seeking to convince any reader that Jesus was the Messiah. By their absence of this description, it appears as if it was simply an oversight that occurred in the midst of recording the other events described in the New Testament. Such omissions of facts are often the case in actual eyewitness accounts.

John wrote that there were many other things that Jesus did which were not recorded in the New Testament. In fact, John stated that there were so many things Jesus did, that all the libraries of the world could not contain them.

 And there are also many other things that Jesus did, which if they were written one by one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that would be written. Amen. —John 21:25

If there was a compilation of accounts for what occurred during the death of a person by individual witnesses, it would logically be possible that each person who observed the event would record different facts from their own unique perspective. Some of these descriptions would be identical; others would be similar but have additional details not found in the other accounts. Still others would have important items missing entirely. Finally, it is completely reasonable that some things that would seem to be important to a person doing an investigation of the facts, after the event happened, such as pulling out the beard, would be missing from the record of all eyewitness accounts of every person who watched Jesus’ crucifixion.

It is a matter of historical record that those who suffered the scourge and were then crucified often had their beards pulled out by their accusers.[1] It was considered a part of the process that a condemned man’s beard would be pulled out as a sign of the total disdain for the condemned man’s crimes.

Men of this time period considered their beards a mark of honor. There was no greater dishonor or insult to inflict upon a man than to pull out or cut off all or part of his beard.

When the king of Ammon died, David sent his servants to comfort the king’s son Hanun in his grieving. The “princes” of Hanun advised the king’s son that David’s intentions were not honorable, and in fact he was sending spies to search out the city so that David could attack and overthrow Hanun’s kingdom.

Believing the advice of his princes to be correct, this young king took the servants of David and shaved off their beards, cut off their garments to expose their buttocks and sent them back to David. These actions were meant to be the highest insult to David and his kingdom. The fact of their complete humiliation is understood by the final words of 2 Samuel 10:5, where David instructs the men to wait in Jericho until their bears have grown back.

 Therefore Hanun took David’s servants, shaved off half of their beards, cut off their garments in the middle, at their buttocks, and sent them away. 5 When they told David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, “Wait at Jericho until your beards have grown, and then return.” —2 Samuel 10:4-5

History records the removal of the beard as dishonor:

It is a record of antiquity that the men of this time period considered these actions to be the highest insult to their honor. To pull out the beard of any man, for any reason, was viewed as degrading and dishonorable.[2] For this reason, it is certain then that during the crucifixion of Jesus, the Roman soldiers, who were known for their brutality, pulled out Jesus’ beard in handfuls rather than take the time to cut it with the sharp edge of a knife. Since it was the goal of His tormentors to inflict as much suffering on Jesus as possible and to insult and degrade Him as a man before the people who were observing the crucifixion, they must have done exactly as this 224th prophecy of Isaiah 50:6 predicts: I gave my cheeks to those who plucked out the beard.

A further area of interest in Isaiah’s prophecy is observed by the presence of death by crucifixion being described six-hundred years before it was invented. The first Crucifixion recorded in the Bible is described King Darius about 520 B.C., as noted in the book of Ezra chapter 6:1-11.

The fact that Crucifixion had not been invented at the writing of these words, gives us even greater pause and reason for astonishment over the words of God, who shows by prophecy that He knows all things. See The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ for details regarding this brutal form of execution.

Further details of the Messiah’s crucifixion:

The common picture given for Jesus’ crucifixion is that He was lifted up on the cross, very high above the crowd below. In reality, history records that the crucified were usually just a foot or two above the ground. It should be understood that the entire purpose of crucifixion was to humiliate the condemned by making their execution a visible horror. Those who were placed upon the cross were stripped of all of their clothing, exposing their genitals and allowing the watching crowd to witness the condemned relieving themselves by urination or defecation.[3]

The results of this horrible torture brought insects that further tormented the dying and added to their shame before the watchful eyes of those who often hated and despised the condemned criminal.[4]

A part of the punishment for those who were placed upon the cross was their close proximity to the crowd who were watching them die. The cross itself was only one or two feet above the ground, placing the faces of the condemned near the eye level of their tormentors.

The nearness of the cross to the ground is confirmed in the Jewish writings of Yev. 120b, which describes the official method for determining the actual moment of death for the condemned so that the body could be taken down from the cross. Certain ancient Hebrew writings describe that one of the ways that death was determined to have occurred was by the presence of feral animals in the area who would come and began to feed on the flesh of the feet and legs of the person crucified. These animals were able to gain access to the dead on the cross because of their near proximity to the ground. [5]

It would be quite normal for any condemned person who was on a cross just two feet from the ground below to have a Roman soldier come near and rip the beard from the face of the dying criminal as an act of contempt.

Isaiah also speaks of the Messiah being struck in the face by His accusers in this prophecy, as well as Isaiah 52:14 (Prophecy 230). Under normal circumstances, when a human being sees a blow coming towards his face, a natural mechanism in the brain will cause the person to recoil his head backwards in anticipation of the strike to his head, which lessens the effects of the blow. If a person has had his vision obstructed, as was the case with Jesus when they blindfolded Him and then struck His face, there would be no opportunity to recoil and lessen the severity of the blow. Jesus experienced the full force of the punches which were targeted at His face and suffered grievous damage to His appearance.

 And having blindfolded Him, they struck Him on the face and asked Him, saying, “Prophesy! Who is the one who struck You?” —Luke 22:64

 Just as many were astonished at you, So His visage was marred more than any man, And His form more than the sons of men. —Isaiah 52:14

Oh Lord, how much You suffered for us, how great was Your pain, and by the exhibition of these things before us, You have shown us how great is Your love!

This prophecy from Isaiah, is 1 of 400 Messianic Prophecies that are included in my new book: “Prophecies of the Messiah,” now available at Amazon.

See the shocking descriptions of Jesus’ Crucifixion


NOTES:
[1] According to the Pulpit Commentary, the Jews often made use of ripping or shaving off the beard as the ultimate insult during punishment.
Nehemiah 13:25 So I contended with them and cursed them, struck some of them and pulled out their hair, and made them swear by God, saying, “You shall not give your daughters as wives to their sons, nor take their daughters for your sons or yourselves.
2 Samuel 10:4 Therefore Hanun took David’s servants, shaved off half of their beards, cut off their garments in the middle, at their buttocks, and sent them away.
[2] William of Tyre, an eastern archbishop, Gesta Dei, p. 802, quoted in Harmer, vol. ii. p. 359.
[3] Seneca, Dialogue “To Marcia on Consolation”, in Moral Essays, 6.20.3, trans. John W. Basore, The Loeb Classical Library (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1946) 2:69
Licona, Michael (2010). The Resurrection of Jesus: A New Historiographical Approach. InterVarsity Press,. p. 304. ISBN 978-0-8308-2719-0. OCLC 620836940.
[4] Conway, Colleen M. (2008). Behold the Man: Jesus and Greco-Roman Masculinity. Oxford University Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-19-532532-4. (citing Cicero, pro Rabirio Perduellionis Reo 5.16).
[5] Tosef, Git 7:1 and Git 70b, As the exact time of death was not ascertainable, the fact that a man was seen hanging on a cross was not sufficient evidence of his death (Yev. 16:3). It might be otherwise when wild beasts or birds had already attacked him at vital parts of the body (Yev. 120b).

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