Jesus knew ahead of time, all things that were going to transpire regarding His death and resurrection. He had determined every event before He created the first man on the earth. The plan of salvation for all people was not an afterthought for God: it was the first thing that He considered when He determined to create us.
From eternity, God had already known everything that would take place and every act that He was going to accomplish. This is what makes the Lord—God: the fact that He knows everything, and there is nothing that He must learn.
“Known to God from eternity are all His works. Acts 15:18
The preeminent purpose of all Bible Prophecy is to demonstrate in the realm of linear time, that God has already seen all the events that will take place.
When He speaks, He does so as if all the events He describes had already transpired. In eternity, nothing is future; everything has already happened. When God speaks of future events, they are only future to those who live on the earth. For God everything in all of time is already complete. No event is outside of the knowledge of God, and He is not predicting the future when He speaks a word of prophecy. He is simply describing what has already taken place.
…God, who gives life to the dead and calls those things which do not exist as though they did… Romans 4:17
A large part of the plan of God in allowing Jesus to suffer for the sins of all men was God’s desire for a righteous basis to forgive our sins. The pronouncement of God declared that the soul that sins will die.
“Behold, all souls are Mine; The soul of the father As well as the soul of the son is Mine; The soul who sins shall die. Ezekiel 18:4
In order for God to be seen as Just, He must punish sin by the death of the guilty. In making our salvation a reality, God did not overlook our sin; He punished them all just as He promised. This was accomplished by a provision in the law of God whereby an innocent could take the penalty for the guilty, and thereby set them free.
“If his offering is a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish; he shall offer it of his own free will at the door of the tabernacle of meeting before the LORD. Then he shall put his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it will be accepted on his behalf to make atonement for him.” Leviticus 1:3-4
The law of God allowed the substitutionary death of someone whose life was perfect and had sufficient value. That sacrifice had to be a Male, without blemish (sin) and offered of his own free will. Jesus met all of these strict requirements. Some of the many stipulations which God had made for an acceptable sacrifice are described throughout the Old Testament. Jesus met all of these demands.
1. He was perfect, without sin.
2. He is firstborn.
3. A male.
4. He offered His life freely.
5. He became one of us.
6. He is also God, dwelling in the body of a perfect man.
7. Jesus said that He is the door to heaven (John 1:9).
8. He died for us, paying our penalty.
9. His life for ours satisfied God’s requirements.
10. Because His life is eternal, it is of sufficient worth to pay for all human lives.
Jesus met all of the demands of God’s law for the substitutionary death of the guilty; and therefore, He was allowed to offer His life in exchange for ours. By successfully completing the plan of salvation for all people, Jesus fully vindicated God and showed all creation that God is Loving, Merciful, and Just.
Isaiah’s prophecy describes the Messiah in seeing the labor of His soul and His satisfaction.
He shall see the labor of His soul, and be satisfied. Isaiah 53:11a
The labor of His soul was to die for the sins of the world—every sin for every person, for all time. How many sins did Jesus pay for on the cross? The obvious answer is that He paid for them all. Taking a reasonable approach in estimating the number of sins Jesus died for, I formulated the following example:
There are various and many estimates for the number of people who have lived on the earth since Adam. A conservative number would be 110 Billion. Taking into account the Bible’s estimation of human sin as being constant and without end, at about 50 per day. Allowing for sickness, disease, famine, war, and lower life expectancy for human beings after the flood of Noah, a conservative life expectancy of about 50 years, I estimate that the total number of sins committed by all human beings since Adam, at approximately 100 Trillion, 375 Million.
110 Billion people.
Average age – 50 years.
Average sins per day/person – 50 (2.7 per hour at 18 waking hours).
Times 365 days per year = 18,250 sins per year
Times 50 years = 912,500 sins/person/lifetime
Times 110 billion people = 1.00375e+17
100 Trillion, 375 Million sins
When Isaiah describes the labor of His soul, it was the knowledge that Jesus would bear these Trillions of sins, that was His great burden at the cross. Could any of us imagine the stress, anxiety, and fear that Jesus was experiencing as He contemplated what this would feel like?
The story of Jesus’ crucifixion began in the Garden of Gethsemane where Jesus often went for time alone with the Father.
Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, and said to the disciples, “Sit here while I go and pray over there.” And He took with Him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and He began to be sorrowful and deeply distressed. Then He said to them, “My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death. Stay here and watch with Me.” He went a little farther and fell on His face, and prayed, saying, “O My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as You will.” Then He came to the disciples and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, “What! Could you not watch with Me one hour?” Matthew 26:36-40
It was here at Gethsemane that Jesus suffering began
And being in agony, He prayed more earnestly. Then His sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground. Luke 22:44
Only Luke, the Physician, records this event:
The phenomenon of sweating drops of blood is called Hematidrosis. Tiny capillaries in the sweat glands break open and mix blood with sweat in moments of intense stress.
What was the element of Jesus’ contemplation in the Garden of Gethsemane that caused Him such great anxiety that He sweat great drops of Blood?
It certainly appears, from the account of the New Testament, that it was Jesus knowledge that all the sins of all people, for all time, would be poured into Him that caused Him the greatest suffering. As God, Jesus had never experienced sin. He had never been separated from the Father at any time. Becoming our sins in order to pay the penalty for them would require both His intense suffering for all sins, but also a separation from the Father as their fellowship was broken.
We cannot comprehend the intensity nor severity of Jesus’ suffering. It is certain there has never been a cumulative suffering in all the history of man upon the earth which can compare to the anguish Jesus endured during His six hours upon the cross.
I think that should God show us a vision of Jesus’ suffering, this sight would consume us with sorrow. How Great is the love of God.
“For God made Jesus who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.” 2 Corinthians 5:21
More horrific for Jesus than the terror of the cross was the fact that for the first moment in eternity, He would be separated from the Father. As Jesus took all of our sins, the Father could no longer have fellowship with the Son. This was why Jesus cried out from the cross: My God, My God, why have You forsaken me? At that moment, Jesus became our sin; and His former close and eternal fellowship with His Father was broken. It was not until our sins were fully atoned for by Jesus’ death and He rose from the dead on the third day that the Father and Son could once again enjoy the eternal fellowship that they had for all of eternity past. As Jesus rose from the dead, His former relationship with His Father was restored.
In the garden of Gethsemane on the night Jesus was arrested, He asked the Father if there was any other way that our salvation could be secured except that He should “drink from the cup” of all our sins and bear them on the cross.
Jesus…saying, “Father, if it is Your will, take this cup away from Me; nevertheless not My will, but Yours, be done.” Luke 22:42
The cup that Jesus was referring to was the fullness of all our sins. When Jesus agreed to drink from this cup, He understood that He was going to take our sins from us, and they would become His. The reality of that moment terrified Jesus much more than the thought of actually going to the cross. While on the cross, all of God’s wrath that had been stored up since the first sin, would be poured out upon Jesus. If my calculations are correct, then Jesus took upon Himself over 100 Trillion sins.
And Jesus Himself is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the whole world. 1 John 2:2
In this, we understand that as Jesus was made sin for us, the wrath from God against this immense number of sins was incalculable. Jesus bore the full judgment of God for all the sins of the world; and in doing so, He enabled those who would receive His death as the payment for their sins, to be acquitted by God and remain perfect forever.
According to this 262nd prophecy of Isaiah 53:11a, Jesus saw this great labor of His soul in bearing and becoming all of our sins, and it satisfied Him. Why? Because in doing so, they would no longer be attributed to our account, and all of us who would receive Him as our Savior would be set free from all judgement by God.
 1.Haub, Carl (November–December 2002). “How Many People Have Ever Lived on Earth?” (PDF). Population Today (Population Reference Bureau) 30 (8): 3–4. http://www.prb.org/pdf/PT_novdec02.pdf
2.Haub, Carl (October 2011). “How Many People Have Ever Lived on Earth?”. Population Reference Bureau.
3.Kuhrt, A. (1995). The Ancient Near East, c. 3000–330 BC. Vol. 2. London: Routledge. p. 695.
 1.Sullivan, Arthur; Steven M. Sheffrin (2012 Sex). Economics: Principles in action. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458: Pearson Prentice Hall. p. 473. ISBN 0-13-063085-3.
2.John S. Millar and Richard M. Zammuto (1983). “Life Histories of Mammals: An Analysis of Life Tables”. Ecology (Ecological Society of America) 64 (4): 631–635. doi:10.2307/1937181. JSTOR 1937181.
3.Eliahu Zahavi,Vladimir Torbilo & Solomon Press (1996) Fatigue Design: Life Expectancy of Machine Parts. CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-8970-4
 Genesis 6:5 Then the LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.
 Holoubek, JE; Holoubek AB (1996). “Blood, sweat and fear. “A classification of hematidrosis””. Journal of Medicine 27 (3–4): 115–33. PMID 8982961