The Historical Documentation For Jesus’ Death And Resurrection

391 Places In The New Testament Where Jesus’ Crucifixion And Resurrection Are Described

One of the allegations that has been leveled against the New Testament regarding the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus, is the idea that the writers of the four Gospels made up the supernatural parts of the Gospel texts. Critics claim that Jesus did not claim to be God, He never performed miracles, and He was not raised from the dead.

When we conduct our own examination in the entire text of the New Testament, we find that 25 of 27 books from the New Testament, validate Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection by 391 citations.

SeeWhy The New Testament Is a Valid Historical Narrative

Why is this important? The New Testament exists today with precisely the same text that describes Jesus’ claim to be God, His miracles which prove He is God and were all a fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies for the Messiah, and His crucifixion and resurrection from the dead.

Even with all of the textual variants that are listed, we never find that any of these slight changes have affected Jesus claim to be God, His miracles, or His resurrection.

SeeAlleged Textual Variants Of The New Testament Do Not Change The Narrative

The New Testament does not exist as one book, but as a compilation of 27 books that were written, from shortly after Jesus’ resurrection, until the death of John—after he wrote the book of Revelation near 90 A.D. Critics of the New Testament often give us the idea that only the four Gospels describe the miracles of Jesus; His death and resurrection, and these citations are very limited. In truth, the entire body of the New Testament presents us with tremendous evidence that Jesus had the capabilities that we would expect of God, should He come to earth and seek to prove His existence to us.

This page lists the books of the New Testament where every specific reference to Jesus crucifixion and resurrection occurs. You will see that there are 391 references throughout the New Testament, leaving us with no doubt that these events are fully validated.

In the following examples, you will see that there is extensive support for Jesus’ death and resurrection in 25 of 27 books of the New Testament. If Jesus did not rise from the dead after He was crucified, how is it that nine authors, wrote 25 books with the facts of Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection as primary reasons for writing these books and letters?

Remember that 14 of the 27 books of the New Testament are letters, not novels or stories. Letters of correspondence between two people carries significantly greater weight for believability than those alleged by stories or novels.

The allegation that the narratives of Jesus are myths, cannot be supported by the existence of 14 letters. These New Testament letters were written as correspondence between parties for the sake of communication. Letters written between people are considered extremely important in validating genuine events. Letters present us with candid and open communication that are honest and truthful, in contrast to the self protected language of official documents. Historians value personal letters far more than any other form of historical document, specifically because they are more believable.

It is nearly impossible to forge false events by the writing of letters. These methods of communication are not for the purpose of storytelling, but to communicate facts between real persons. We see in Paul’s letters that He wrote while in prison at Rome (Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon), genuine and sincere communications to people he cared deeply for, and wanted these persons to know the truth about Jesus.

When we analyze texts from two different letters written by Paul to Philemon and Tychicus, regarding the slave, Onesimus who ran away from Philemon, we see examples of genuine texts.

When Onesimus was in Rome, he met Paul and believed in Jesus as Lord and Savior. Tychicus was a pastor at the church who met at Philemon’s home in the city of Colosse. Tychicus was also in Rome for a meeting with Paul, discussing problems that were occurring in the church. Paul wrote these letters at the same time, addressing the issues of Onesimus to his friends—Tychicus, and Philemon, in the letters of Ephesians, Colossians, and Philemon.

It was also during this time that Paul sent Onesimus back to his master, Philemon. These letters were written near 62 A.D. while Paul was in prison at Rome to determine whether he would be executed for crimes that were alleged by the Emperor.

These letters of communication are examples of why the New Testament is absolutely reliable. They are clearly written with the intent of communication, not as a story or myth. They also provides us with evidence of the time when they were written, for Paul was executed in 68 A.D., validated by the secular records of the Romans.

Paul was not seeking to create a fictional character in Jesus, or publish a novel that would delight the imaginations of readers, but simply to teach, instruct, correct, and rebuke people who would receive his communications.

Notice, in the following texts, the personal nature of Paul’s letters which gives us certainty that they were not written to deceive us because they were never written with the intention of reaching us, but those who were struggling with a variety of difficulties in the days in which Paul wrote.

Be diligent to come to me quickly; for Demas has forsaken me, having loved this present world, and has departed for Thessalonica—Crescens for Galatia, Titus for Dalmatia. Only Luke is with me. Get Mark and bring him with you, for he is useful to me for ministry. And Tychicus I have sent to Ephesus. Bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas when you come—and the books, especially the parchments.” ~2 Timothy 4:9-13

 “Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, who risked their own necks for my life, to whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles. Likewise greet the church that is in their house.” ~Romans 16:3-5

Read the introductions and endings of all Paul’s letters and you will see that all of his letters were not written as stories, but communication between persons. You and I are privileged readers who are looking over the shoulder of Paul as he writes correspondence between himself and other Christian believers who were experiencing great difficulties. Paul is writing from prison where he is suffering, yet not concerned about himself, but the lives of others who are also going through terrible times of persecution and death.

Paul is not writing a novel to sell the world a mythological person who rose from the dead. He is communicating love and encouragement, to real persons who also just happened to hear the news of Jesus’ death and resurrection as encouragement to continue in their suffering and eventual death. These letters give us the opportunity to see firsthand what it was like in these ancient days of early Christianity.

Understanding the premise of these letters, while seeing the overwhelming and frequently repeated theme of Jesus’ death and resurrection, allows us to see how valuable the New Testament is in validating the narratives of Jesus as true and reliable historical events.

The Following Are 391 Places In The New Testament Where Jesus Death And Resurrection Are Cited:

Matthew

  1. Matthew 12:39-40, The sign of Jonah
  2. Matthew 16:4, The sign of Jonah
  3. Matthew 16:21, Killed and raised the third day
  4. Matthew 17:9, Tell no one until I am risen from the dead
  5. Matthew 17:12, the Son of Man is about to suffer (crucifixion)
  6. Matthew 17:22-23, Son of Man killed and raised
  7. Matthew 20:22, Drink the cup and be baptized (crucifixion for our sins)
  8. Matthew 20:28, Give My life as a ransom for many
  9. Matthew 21:37-39, Parable of the landowner-gives son-killed by workers
  10. Matthew 23:34, They kill and crucify the prophets (Jesus is a prophet)
  11. Matthew 26:2, In two days, Son of man crucified
  12. Matthew 26:24, Son of Man goes as it is written (to be crucified)
  13. Matthew 26:28, This is my blood that is shed
  14. Matthew 26:54-56, The scriptures must be fulfilled (Messiah crucified)
  15. Matthew 26:61, Jesus would rise on the third day after his body (temple) is killed
  16. Matthew 26:64, Jesus said they will see Him at God’s right hand (risen)
  17. Matthew 27:1, Chief priest/Elder plot Jesus crucifixion
  18. Matthew 27:22-23 The people shout to Pilat, “crucify Jesus”
  19. Matthew 27:26, Pilate releases Jesus to be crucified
  20. Matthew 27:32, Simon compelled to carry Jesus’ cross
  21. Matthew 27:35, They crucified Jesus
  22. Matthew 27:42, People shout at Jesus, “come down from the cross”
  23. Matthew 27:44, The robbers with Jesus are also crucified
  24. Matthew 27:50, Jesus yielded His Spirit and died
  25. Matthew 27:58-60, Joseph of Arimathea, takes Jesus, places Him in the tomb
  26. Matthew 27:63, Leader of Israel worry Jesus will rise from the dead
  27. Matthew 27:66, They make Jesus tomb secure
  28. Matthew 28:5-6, Angel says Jesus was crucified, He is now risen, tell others
  29. Matthew 28:9-10, The risen Jesus appears to the women at the tomb
  30. Matthew 28:16-20, Jesus appears at Galilee to the disciples, commanding them

Mark

  1. Mark 8:31, Son of man must be killed and raised
  2. Mark 8:34-35, we must take up the cross just as Jesus did
  3. Mark 9:9, Don’t tell what you have seen until Jesus is risen
  4. Mark 9:31, The Son of man will be killed and rise from the dead
  5. Mark 10:38, Can you drink the cup of judgement (death) for sins?
  6. Mark 10:45, The Son of man gives His life as a ransom for many
  7. Mark 12:6-8, Parable of Vinedresser, Son killed (Jesus)
  8. Mark 14:8, Mary anoints Jesus for burial
  9. Mark 14:22-24, This is My body given for you (crucifixion)
  10. Mark 14:28, Jesus says “after I am raised, I will go to Galilee”
  11. Mark 14:36, Jesus prays that the Father will take away the cross
  12. Mark 14:55, The chief priests plot Jesus’ crucifixion
  13. Mark 14:58, False witnesses recite Jesus prophecy of resurrection
  14. Mark 14:62, Jesus said, “you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand.”
  15. Mark 14:64, They all condemned Jesus to death
  16. Mark 15:12-14 “What do you want me to do with Jesus? Crucify Him.”
  17. Mark 15:15, Pilate…delivered Jesus, scourged, to be crucified
  18. Mark 15:20, They led Jesus out to be crucified
  19. Mark 15:21, They compelled Simon to carry Jesus’ cross
  20. Mark 15:24, And when they crucified Jesus they divided His garments
  21. Mark 15:25, Now it was the third hour when they crucified Jesus
  22. Mark 15:27, With Jesus they also crucified two robbers
  23. Mark 15:30 Save yourself, Jesus, come down from the cross
  24. Mark 15:31-32, Chief priests say, “let the Christ come down from the cross.”
  25. Mark 15:32, Even those crucified with Him, reviled Him
  26. Mark 15:43, Joseph of Arimathea asks Pilate for Jesus body
  27. Mark 15:44, Pilate marveled that Jesus was already dead
  28. Mark 15:46, They wrapped Jesus body and placed Him in the tomb
  29. Mark 16:6,  Angel says, “Jesus who was crucified, He is risen”
  30. Mark 16:7, Angel tells them to go to Galilee where they will see Jesus alive
  31. Mark 16:9, Jesus rose early on the first day of the week
  32. Mark 16:9, Risen Jesus appeared to Mary Magdalene
  33. Mark 16:11 People who heard Jesus was alive did not believe
  34. Mark 16:12, Jesus appears to two disciples (Emmaus)
  35. Mark 16:13, The rest of the disciples do not believe Jesus is risen
  36. Mark 16:14, Jesus appears to eleven disciples
  37. Mark 16:19, Jesus returns to heaven before the disciples

Luke

  1. Luke 9:22, Jesus, will be rejected, killed and rise from the dead
  2. Luke 9:23, Take up your cross, as I took up mine
  3. Luke 11:29-32, Sign of Jonah, three days, then risen
  4. Luke 12:50, Baptism of crucifixion
  5. Luke 13:32, On the third day I will be perfected (raised)
  6. Luke 16:30-31, Jesus came back from the dead, they still do not believe
  7. Luke 18:31-33, Jesus will fulfill the prophets, killed and rise the third day
  8. Luke 20:14-15, Parable of vineyard, Son killed
  9. Luke 22:15, Jesus Eat the Passover before suffering crucifixion
  10. Luke 22:19-20, Jesus’ body given for us
  11. Luke 22:37, Jesus fulfills prophecy of killed with transgressors
  12. Luke 22:42, Jesus: “Father take away the cup of suffering” (crucifixion)
  13. Luke 22:69, the Son of man sitting on God’s right hand (risen)
  14. Luke 23:21-22, The people shout, “crucify Him”
  15. Luke 23:24, Pilate gives Jesus the sentence of crucifixion
  16. Luke 23:36, Simon must carry Jesus cross
  17. Luke 23:32, There were two criminals with Jesus to be crucified
  18. Luke 23:33, They came to Calvary, and there they crucified Jesus
  19. Luke 23:43, Jesus tells thief crucified with Him, “today you will be with me”
  20. Luke 23:46, Jesus commits His Spirit in death, breaths His last
  21. Luke 23:52-53, Joseph of Arimathea asks for Jesus’ body, lays it in a tomb
  22. Luke 23:55-56, Woman prepare Jesus body, in the tomb
  23. Luke 24:1-2, Stone rolled away, Jesus is risen
  24. Luke 24:5, Angels, ask “why do you seek the living among the dead?
  25. Luke 24:6-7, Jesus is not here, He is risen, crucified, rise on the third day
  26. Luke 24:15, Jesus alive on the road to Emmaus
  27. Luke 24:25-26, Jesus teaches that He was predicted to rise the third day
  28. Luke 24:31, Jesus hands the bread, they see His nail scars
  29. Luke 24:34, Disciples return from Emmaus, tell other Jesus is risen
  30. Luke 24:36, Jesus suddenly appears in the room, risen
  31. Luke 24:39, Jesus tells the disciples to touch Him, He is not a spirit
  32. Luke 24:44-46, Jesus tells the disciples, the prophets predicted He would suffer, be crucified, and rise on the third day.

John

  1. John 1:29, 36, John the Baptist; “Behold the Lamb of God”
  2. John 2:18-22, Destroy this temple I will raise it in three days
  3. John 3:14, The Son must be lifted up
  4. John 6:51-58, Jesus gives His life as bread from heaven to be received
  5. John 6:62, What if you see the Son of Man ascend (rise) to where He was?
  6. John 7:1, The Jewish leaders want to crucify Jesus
  7. John 7:25, Is this not Jesus whom they seek to kill?
  8. John 7:33-36, Jesus predicts His resurrection and ascension
  9. John 8:21, Jesus tells the Pharisees He is going away (death,
  10. resurrection)
  11. John 8:28, When you lift up (crucify) the Son of Man you will know I am He
  12. John 8:40, But now you seek to kill (crucify) Me
  13. John 10:15, I Lay down My life for the sheep
  14. John 10:17-18, Lay down My life (crucifixion), take it again (resurrection)
  15. John 11:25 I am the resurrection and the life
  16. John 11:32 Jesus has the power of resurrection, “my brother would not die”
  17. John 11:43-44 Jesus has the power of resurrection, “Lazarus come forth”
  18. John 11:50-51, Caiaphas prophesied Jesus’ death, “better for one man to die”
  19. John 11:53, From that day (lazarus’ resurrection) they plotted to kill Jesus
  20. John 12:1, Recounting how Jesus resurrected Lazarus
  21. John 12:7, May anoints Jesus for His death
  22. John 12:9, Leaders of the Jews come to see Lazarus whom Jesus raised
  23. John 12:17, Witnesses recount how Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead
  24. John 12:23, Hour has come, the Son of Man to be glorified (resurrected)
  25. John 12:24, Unless a grain of wheat dies, describing His crucifixion
  26. John 12:27, Save me from this hour? For this purpose I came (to be crucified)
  27. John 12:32-34, Son of Man lifted up (crucified)
  28. John 13:1, Jesus knew His hour to die had come
  29. John 13:31, “Now the Son of Man is glorified” (by death and resurrection)
  30. John 13:33, “Where I am going, you cannot follow” (death and resurrection)
  31. John 13:36, Peter will follow Jesus later (crucifixion and resurrection)
  32. John 14:2-4 Jesus goes by death and resurrection to prepare a place for us
  33. John 14:5-6 Jesus to Thomas: “I am the way,” by My death and resurrection
  34. John 14:28, Jesus is going away and coming back; death, resurrection, return
  35. John 16:5,10, Jesus is going away, by His crucifixion and resurrection
  36. John 16:11, (satan) is judged by Jesus’ death and resurrection
  37. John 16:16-20, “You will not see me, then see me,” death and resurrection
  38. John 16:33, Jesus overcame the world by death and resurrection
  39. John 17:1, The Father is glorified by Jesus death and resurrection
  40. John 17:11-12, Now I am no longer in the world, crucifixion
  41. John 17:24, The saved will be with Jesus by His death and resurrection
  42. John 18:4, Jesus knows He will be crucified and resurrected
  43. John 18:11, “Shall I not drink of the cup (crucifixion) My Father gave me?”
  44. John 18:14-15, Caiaphas prophesied Jesus must die for all
  45. John 18:30, Jesus delivered as an evildoer to be crucified
  46. John 18:31-32, Jewish leaders do not have the right to crucify Jesus
  47. John 19:6, Chief priests, officers cry “crucify Him.”
  48. John 19:7, Pharisees, “we have a law, Jesus must be crucified.”
  49. John 19:10, Pilate, “I have the power to crucify you.”
  50. John 19:15, Jewish leaders: “away with Jesus, crucify Him”
  51. John 19:16, “Then they delivered Jesus to be crucified”
  52. John 19:17, Jesus bearing His cross went to Golgotha
  53. John 19:18, They crucified Jesus with two others
  54. John 19:20, Pilate makes a sign for Jesus, where He was crucified
  55. John 19:23-24, When they crucified Jesus, soldiers gambled for them
  56. John 19:25, Jesus’ mother, her sister, two Mary’s stand at Jesus’ cross
  57. John 19:28, Jesus knowing the scriptures are fulfilled (predicting crucifixion)
  58. John 19:30, Jesus dies on the cross
  59. John 19:31, Jesus body must be taken down for Sabbath
  60. John 19:32-33, Soldiers come to break Jesus legs, He is already dead
  61. John 19:34, Soldier pierces Jesus side, blood and water, confirming death
  62. John 19:35, John swears he is telling the truth about Jesus’ crucifixion/death
  63. John 19:36-37, Jesus’ crucifixion fulfills the scriptures
  64. John 19:38-40, Joseph, Nicodemus, prepare Jesus’ body for burial
  65. John 19:41-42, Jesus was crucified near a garden tomb, Jesus placed there
  66. John 20:1, Mary Magdalene goes to Jesus’ tomb, He is gone, resurrection
  67. John 20:2, Mary tells the disciples Jesus is not in the tomb, resurrection
  68. John 20:4, Peter and John run to the tomb
  69. John 20:5-8, Grave cloths are intact in form of body, Peter, John believe
  70. John 20:9, Disciples unknowing the scriptures predict Messiah’s resurrection
  71. John 20:11-14, Mary sees risen Jesus outside tomb, doesn’t recognize Him
  72. John 20:15, Risen Jesus speaks to Mary
  73. John 20:17, Jesus tells Mary He will ascend to heaven
  74. John 20:18, Mary tells the disciples she saw the risen Jesus
  75. John 20:19, Jesus appears to the disciples in a closed room.
  76. John 20:20, Jesus shows the disciples His hands and feet, marks of nails
  77. John 20:21-22, Risen Jesus speaks, gives disciples the Holy Spirit
  78. John 20:25, Disciples tell absent Thomas, Jesus is risen, does not believe
  79. John 20:26 Eight days later, Jesus appears to disciples and Thomas
  80. John 20:27, Jesus tells Thomas to touch marks of His crucifixion
  81. John 20:28, Thomas calls the risen Jesus, Lord and God
  82. John 20:29, Jesus says blessed are those who do not see but believe
  83. John 20:30, Risen Jesus does many other “signs” proving He is alive
  84. John 20:31, John writes, “theses things were written so you might believe”
  85. John 21:1, Jesus shows Himself risen to disciples at lake Galilee
  86. John 21:2, Seven disciples are at lake Galilee, see Jesus alive
  87. John 21:4, Risen Jesus is seen on the shore of Galilee
  88. John 21:5 Jesus asks the disciples for food to eat
  89. John 21:6, Risen Jesus instructs disciples to cast nets
  90. John 21:7, John says to Peter, the man on the shore is the risen Jesus
  91. John 21:10, Jesus asks the disciples to bring Him fish to eat
  92. John 21:12, Risen Jesus invites disciples to eat with Him
  93. John 21:13, Risen Jesus gives bread and fish to the disciples
  94. John 21:14, This is the third time the risen Jesus appeared to the disciples
  95. John 21:15-17, Risen Jesus teaches Peter about sacrificial love
  96. John 21:18, Risen Jesus instructs Peter to feed His sheep the word of God
  97. John 21:19, Risen Jesus tells Peter he will also die by crucifixion
  98. John 21:20, Peter asks the risen Jesus, “what about John?”
  99. John 20:21, Risen Jesus tells Peter to worry about his own walk
  100. John 20:22-23, Risen Jesus asserts His sovereignty as God
  101. John 20:24, John confirms that all these things about the crucified and risen Jesus are true.

Acts

  1. Acts 1:3, Jesus presented Himself alive after crucifixion for 40 days
  2. Acts 1:4-8, Jesus’ words He spoke after the resurrection
  3. Acts 1:10-11, Resurrected Jesus, ascending back to heaven
  4. Acts 1:22, Peter testifies to Jesus resurrection and ascension which he saw
  5. Acts 2:23-24, Peter describes Jesus crucified and raised from the dead
  6. Acts 2:25-28, Peter quotes prophecy of Messiah’s death and resurrection
  7. Acts 2:31, David predicted Jesus’ resurrection
  8. Acts 2:32, Peter is a witness of David’s prophecy of the resurrection
  9. Acts 2:36, Peter tells Jewish leaders God made the crucified Jesus Lord and Christ
  10. Acts 3:13-16, 18, Prophecy of Jesus killed and raised
  11. Acts 3:26, God raised Jesus from the dead
  12. Acts 4:2, Peter and John teach resurrection in Jesus
  13. Acts 4:10, Healing through Jesus, crucified and raised
  14. Acts 4:33, Apostles gave witness to the resurrection of Jesus
  15. Acts 5:28, Leader  of Israel are blamed for Jesus’ crucifixion
  16. Acts 5:30-31, Peter says God raised Jesus and exalted Him
  17. Acts 7:52, Stephen condemns leaders of Israel for crucifying Jesus
  18. Acts 10:39-43, Peter says they are witness of Jesus, death and resurrection
  19. Acts 13:23, God raised a Savior for Israel
  20. Acts 13:27-31, Jesus fulfilled prophecy; condemned, crucified, raised, seen by witnesses
  21. Acts 13:33, Paul: God raised Jesus, fulfilled Psalms 2
  22. Acts: 13:34, Paul: God raised Jesus, fulfilled Isaiah 53:3
  23. Acts 13:35, Paul: God raised Jesus, fulfilled Psalms 16:10
  24. Acts 13:37, Paul: Jesus’s body did not decay, He was raised
  25. Acts 17:3, Paul teaches: Jesus had to suffer and rise again
  26. Acts 17:10-12, Bereans search the prophecies, believe Jesus died and rose
  27. Acts 17:18, Paul teaches Greek philosophers Jesus, death and resurrection
  28. Acts 17:31-32, God gave assurance by raising Jesus from the dead
  29. Acts 20:28, Paul: Jesus purchased His church with His blood
  30. Acts 22:6-8, Paul meets the risen Jesus
  31. Acts 22:15, Ananias: Paul is a witness of Jesus’ resurrection
  32. Acts 22:18, The Risen Jesus tells Paul to leave Jerusalem
  33. Acts 22:21, The risen Jesus sends Paul to the Gentiles
  34. Acts 23:6-8, Paul to the Sadducees, preaches resurrection of the dead
  35. Acts 23:11, The risen Jesus instructs Paul to go to Rome
  36. Acts 24:15, Paul preaches a resurrection and judgement
  37. Acts 24:21, Paul judged for preaching Jesus’ resurrection
  38. Acts 25:19, Festus tells Agrippa, Paul said Jesus was crucified, but now alive
  39. Acts 26:14-18, Paul before Agrippa, testifying he saw the risen Jesus
  40. Acts 26:22-23, Paul tells Agrippa he is accused of testifying what the prophets predicted; a Messiah crucified and risen

Romans

  1. Romans 1:4, Jesus, Son of God by the resurrection from the dead
  2. Romans 3:24-25, Our redemption by faith through in Jesus’ blood (death)
  3. Romans 4:24, Righteousness is imputed by God who raised Jesus
  4. Romans 4:25, Jesus was delivered (crucified) and raised
  5. Romans 5:6, Jesus died for the ungodly
  6. Romans 5:10, We are reconciled by Jesus’ death, saved by His life
  7. Romans 5:15-19, The gift of Jesus’ death abounds to many, justified
  8. Romans 6:3, Believers baptized into Jesus dead
  9. Romans 6:6-7, Our old nature was crucified with Jesus
  10. Romans 6:8, If we died with Jesus we will be raised with Jesus
  11. Romans 6:9, Jesus having been raised, cannot die again, death has no power
  12. Romans 6:10, The death Jesus died, the life He now lives
  13. Romans 6:11-13, Christians are dead like Christ, alive like Christ
  14. Romans 7:4, Believers dead to the law, married to Christ who was raised
  15. Romans 7:6, Dead to the law (crucified), alive (raised) to the Spirit
  16. Romans 8:10, Christ in us, the body dead (crucified) because of sin but alive (raised), by righteousness
  17. Romans 8:11, If the Spirit that raised Jesus, lives in you, you will be raised
  18. Romans 8:17-18, If we suffer with Christ (crucified) we will be glorified (risen) with Him.
  19. Romans 8:32, God did not spare His Son but crucified Him for us
  20. Romans 8:34, Jesus, who died, and is risen, intercedes for us
  21. Romans 10:6-7, Faith is contrast with Jesus’ death and resurrection
  22. Romans 10:9, Salvation is by confession that Jesus rose from the dead
  23. Romans 14:9, Jesus died and rose and lived again
  24. Romans 14:11, Paul quotes Isaiah 45:23, a Messianic prophecy, applies it to Jesus, a risen Savior
  25. Romans 14:15, Describing the death of Jesus to make reconciliation possible
  26. Romans 16:25-26, Paul’s allusion to the risen Messiah of prophecy to Jesus in His death and resurrection

1 Corinthians

  1. 1 Corinthians 1:13–Paul crucified for you?
  2. 1 Corinthians 1:17-18–Cross of Christ
  3. 1 Corinthians 1:23–Christ crucified
  4. 1 Corinthians 2:2–Know Jesus Christ and Him crucified
  5. 1 Corinthians 2:8–Crucified Lord of glory
  6. 1 Corinthians 5:7–Christ Passover sacrificed for us
  7. 1 Corinthians 6:14–God raised up the Lord
  8. 1 Corinthians 6:19-20–Bought with price
  9. 1 Corinthians 8:11–Weak brother perish for whom Christ died?
  10. 1 Corinthians 10:16–Body and blood-bread and wine
  11. 1 Corinthians 11:23-29–Received/delivered: body/blood
  12. 1 Corinthians 15:1-8–Creedal material on death and resurrection that Paul received
  13. 1 Corinthians 15 – Resurrection–the importance of the resurrection

2 Corinthians

  1. 2 Corinthians 1:9–Trust God which raiseth the dead
  2. 2 Corinthians 2:12–Preach Christ’s gospel-4:3-4, 10:14, 11:4
  3. 2 Corinthians 4:10–Dying of Lord Jesus
  4. 2 Corinthians 4:11–Life of Jesus
  5. 2 Corinthians 4:14–Jesus raised: so will we
  6. 2 Corinthians 5:14-15–Jesus’ death and resurrection
  7. 2 Corinthians 5:21–Jesus made sin for us
  8. 2 Corinthians 13:4–Crucified by weakness: lives by the power of God

Galatians

  1. Galatians 1:1–God raised Jesus
  2. Galatians 1:4–Jesus gave himself for our sins
  3. Galatians 1:6-10–Another gospel
  4. Galatians 1:11-12–Taught gospel by revelation
  5. Galatians 1-2–Conversion and gospel; Possible location where Paul received the 1 Cor. 15:3-8 creed?
  6. Galatians 2:2–Communicated gospel-doubt in Paul’s mind?
  7. Galatians 2:20–Crucified with Christ-Christ gave Himself for me
  8. Galatians 2:21–Christ died to free us from the law
  9. Galatians 3:1–Jesus crucified among them
  10. Galatians 3:13–Christ redeemed us from the law by being hanged on a tree
  11. Galatians 5:11–Offense of the cross
  12. Galatians 6:12–Persecution for the cross of Christ
  13. Galatians 6:14–Glory only in the cross
  14. Galatians 6:17–Marks of the Lord Jesus

Ephesians

  1. Ephesians 1:7–Redemption through blood
  2. Ephesians 1:20–Christ raised and set in heavenly places-above all-Jesus exalted
  3. Ephesians 2:6–Raised us up to sit with Christ
  4. Ephesians 2:13–Made nigh by blood of Christ
  5. Ephesians 2:16–Reconcile by cross
  6. Ephesians 5:25–Christ gave Himself for the Church

Philippians

  1. Philippians 1:7–Defense and confirmation of the gospel (cf. 1:17)
  2. Philippians 1:29–Suffer for His sake
  3. Philippians 2:5-11–Jesus humbled, died, exalted and glorified. This is considered a hymn by many scholars which has an early date.
  4. Philippians 2:10-11–Know Him and the power of His resurrection-conformed to his death and sufferings
  5. Philippians 3:18–Enemies of the cross of Christ

Colossians

  1. Colossians 1:14–Redemption though blood
  2. Colossians 1:20–Peace through blood of cross
  3. Colossians 1:21-22–Reconciled through His death
  4. Colossians 2:11-13–Put off sins by circumcision of Christ-buried and raised by baptism
  5. Colossians 2:14–Nailed it to the cross
  6. Colossians 2:20–Dead with Christ
  7. Colossians 3:1–Risen with Christ
  8. Colossians 3:3–Dead: life hid with Christ

1 Thessalonians

  1. 1 Thessalonians 1:10, Wait for Jesus’ return who rose from the dead
  2. 1 Thessalonians 1:15, The Jews killed the Lord Jesus
  3. 1 Thessalonians 1:19, You are our crown at the return of the risen Jesus
  4. 1 Thessalonians 4:14, Jesus died and rose again, will bring with him those who sleep in Jesus
  5. 1 Thessalonians 4:15, Those alive when the risen Jesus returns
  6. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17, Risen Jesus will descend to earth from heaven, catch away living and dead believers
  7. 1 Thessalonians 5:2, Risen Jesus returns on the Day of the Lord
  8. 1 Thessalonians 5:10, Jesus, who died for us, we will live with Him
    1 Thessalonians 5:23, May God present you blameless at the coming of the risen Jesus

2 Thessalonians

  1. 2 Thessalonians 1:7-10, The risen Jesus will return to earth
  2. 2 Thessalonians 2:1, Paul describes the coming of the risen Jesus

1 Timothy

  1. 1 Timothy 2:6–Gave Himself a ransom for all
  2. 1 Timothy 3:16–Manifested in the flesh, justified in the Spirit

2 Timothy

  1. 2 Timothy 1:10–Jesus abolished death: brought life and immortality to light through gospel
  2. 2 Timothy 2:8–Jesus raised from dead according to the gospel
  3. 2 Timothy 2:11-12–Suffer and live with Christ
  4. 2 Timothy 2:18–Resurrection past–claim of heretics

Hebrews

  1. Hebrews 1:3–Purged sins-set down in heaven
  2. Hebrews 2:9–Jesus made lower for suffering of death
  3. Hebrews 2:14–Death-destroyed him who had power over death
  4. Hebrews 5:3–Offer for sins
  5. Hebrews 6:2–Resurrection of dead
  6. Hebrews 6:6–Crucify Son of God afresh
  7. Hebrews 7:16–Power of an endless life
  8. Hebrews 9:7-28–Blood, death
  9. Hebrews 9-10–Blood and death
  10. Hebrews 10:12–Blood
  11. Hebrews 10:28–Sacrifice for sins
  12. Hebrews 10:29–Blood of [New] Covenant
  13. Hebrews 11:35–Better resurrection
  14. Hebrews 12:2–Endured cross-throne of God now
  15. Hebrews 12:24–Jesus mediator of New Covenant with blood
  16. Hebrews 13:12–Jesus suffered, blood sanctifies us
  17. Hebrews 13:20–God brought Jesus back from dead, blood of covenant

James

  1. James 5:7, Be patient until the coming of the risen Jesus
  2. James 5:8, The coming of the risen Jesus is at hand

1 Peter

  1. 1 Peter 1:2–Sprinkling of blood of Jesus Christ
  2. 1 Peter 1:3–Resurrection of Jesus from dead
  3. 1 Peter 1:19–Redeemed with blood of Christ
  4. 1 Peter 1:21–God raised Jesus
  5. 1 Peter 2:21–Christ suffered for us leaving an example
  6. 1 Peter 2:24–Bore sins, tree, healed
  7. 1 Peter 3:18–Put to death in the flesh, quickened by Spirit
  8. 1 Peter 3:18-20–Death, hell, resurrection, exalted
  9. 1 Peter 4:1–Suffered in flesh
  10. 1 Peter 4:13–Christ’s sufferings
  11. 1 Peter 5:1–Witness of Jesus’ suffering

2 Peter

  1. 2 Peter. 1:16–Witnesses of His majesty-transfiguration

1 John

  1. 1 John 1:2-3–Witnesses
  2. 1 John 1:7–Blood of Jesus cleanses us from all sin
  3. 1 John 2:2–Jesus is the propitiation for our sins
  4. 1 John 3:16–Jesus laid down His life for us
  5. 1 John 4:10–Son payment for our sins
  6. 1 John 5:6, 8–Came by water and blood-bears witness

2 John

  1. 2 John 7, Confessing the risen Christ came as God in the flesh

Jude

  1. Jude 14, The risen Jesus, returning with ten thousands of His saints

Revelation

  1. Revelation 1:5–First begotten of dead, washed us in His blood
  2. Revelation 1:7–Pierced-Zech 12:10
  3. Revelation 1:18–Lived, died and arose
  4. Revelation 5:6–Lamb slain
  5. Revelation 5:9–Redeemed by blood
  6. Revelation 5:12–Lamb slain
  7. Revelation 7:14–Washed robes, white by blood of Lamb
  8. Revelation 11:8–Lord crucified
  9. Revelation 11–Witnesses raised
  10. Revelation 12:11–Overcame by blood of Lamb
  11. Revelation 13:8–Book of Lamb slain from foundation of the world-Lamb reference
  12. Revelation 16:6–Blood to drink
  13. Revelation 19:13–Vesture dipped in blood-Jesus
  14. Revelation. 20:5-6–First resurrection

The Assertion That Only The Four Gospels Describe Jesus’ Death, And Resurrection

One of the allegations that is made in an effort to impeach the reliability of the New Testament, is the idea that the four Gospels are the only place in the New Testament where Jesus is described as crucified and risen from the dead. The allegation is made that the four Gospels cannot be relied upon in proving the death and resurrection of Jesus because the men who wrote these texts, made up the narratives they are writing.

When we examine the entire New Testament for ourselves, we find that in 25 of the 27 books of the New Testament, all nine authors describe Jesus crucifixion and resurrection as factual events of history.

Even without the four Gospels, we can fully validate Jesus’ death and resurrection

Surviving New Testament Manuscripts Before 200 A.D.:

We have P52 from 130 A.D., with the text of Jesus’ trial before Pilate in a Codex. It is certain that there was an original autograph (original writing) that is dated much earlier. It would not be unrealistic to conclude that the original autograph was written in the middle of the first century, immediately after the events of Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection.

From 150-200 A.D., we have P66, P72, and P75., with most of P66 from John’s Gospel, from 200 A. D., known as a first copy. This is evidence that a early first century original autograph was written for John’s Gospel immediately after Jesus death and resurrection.

P72 is our earliest copy of Jude’s epistle, with one reference to Jesus’ resurrection, and two epistles of Peter, who vividly describes Jesus death and resurrection in 12 references.

P75, from 175-225 A.D., contains Luke’s Gospel, with 13 references to Jesus’ death and resurrection. Also, the earliest of John’s Gospel with 18 references to Jesus’ death and resurrection.

The Diatessaron, from 170 A.D., contains all four Gospels, and has a total of 301 references to Jesus’ death and resurrection (Matthew: 30, Mark: 37, Luke: 32, John: 101)

From 200 A. D.: P45, P46, and P47, contain surviving manuscript copies from all four gospels, and Acts (P45), with 30 references to Jesus’ death and resurrection,

P46 is the earliest New Testament Codex Manuscript in existence, dated at 200 A.D. It contains the following:

  1. The last eight chapters of Romans
  2. All of Hebrews
  3. All of 1-2 Corinthians
  4. All of Ephesians
  5. All of Galatians
  6. All of Philippians
  7. All of Colossians
  8. Two chapters of 1 Thessalonians   

These Texts Above, Survive In Manuscript Copies, Dated Before 200 A.D.

The following are the surviving manuscript evidence that we have today, which is validated as written before 200 A.D.

  1. Romans: 26 references to Jesus’ death and resurrection.
  2. Hebrews: 17 references to Jesus’ death and resurrection.
  3. 1 Corinthians: 13 references to Jesus’ death and resurrection.
  4. 2 Corinthians: 8 references to Jesus’ death and resurrection.
  5. Ephesians: 6 references to Jesus’ death and resurrection.
  6. Galatians: 14 references to Jesus’ death and resurrection.
  7. Philippians: 5 references to Jesus’ death and resurrection.
  8. Colossians: 8 references to Jesus’ death and resurrection.
  9. 1 Thessalonians: 8 references to Jesus’ death and resurrection.
  10. Revelation:  P47, the oldest copy of the book of Revelation, with 14 references to Jesus’ death and resurrection.

From this brief exercise, we can see that there is more than enough surviving manuscript evidence from before 200 A.D. to validate the narratives of Jesus’ death and resurrection as reliable matters of the historical record.

These do not include the massive reservoir of evidence that we have not discussed.

Codex Alexandrinus, 400 A.D.

Containing 773 pages, 630 for the Old Testament and 143 for the New Testament.

Codex Bezae Cantabrigiensis, 450 A.D.

The Gospels and Acts, in both Greek and Latin pages. The complete Gospel of Luke.

Codex Vaticanus, 325-350 A.D.

Manuscript of nearly all of the Bible. One of the most trustworthy Greek manuscripts of the New Testament.

Codex Sinaiticus, 350 A.D.

A manuscript containing almost all of the 4th century New Testament and half of the Old Testament. Considered second only to the Codex Vaticanus. The Book of Acts, is equal to the Codex Vaticanus, and the epistles, are ranked first.

The New Testament presents us with greater surviving manuscript copies than any other work of antiquity. This great number of copies tells us that there were likely a great number of originals.

See Also:




Categories: Atheists, Agnostics and Skeptics, Claims of Interpolation, Empirical Evidence for God, Exegesis and Hermeneutics, Historical Validity of the New Testament, Jesus is God, Literary authenticity of the New Testament, New Testament Manuscripts, Origin of the four Gospels, Principles of Biblical Interpretation, Reliability of the New Testament, Robert Clifton Robinson, Studying the Word of God, The Four Gospels, The Historical Crucifixion of Jesus, The Historical Jesus, The Resurrection

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