303: Daniel 7:13


The Prophecies of the Messiah: Prophecy 303

The Messiah will return to earth as the Son of Man, from heaven, with His church.

Old Testament Prediction:

Daniel 7:13 I was watching in the night visions, And behold, One like the Son of Man, Coming with the clouds of heaven! He came to the Ancient of Days, And they brought Him near before Him.

New Testament Fulfillment:

Matthew 24:30 Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

Revelation 19:11-15 Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself. He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses. Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.


The Book of Daniel is crucial to our understanding of all Bible prophecy. There are many terms defined for us throughout the prophecies of Daniel that allow us to understand events that are spoken of throughout the New Testament.

Jesus describes Himself as the “Son of Man” on 83 occasions in all four Gospels of the New Testament. He used this term repeatedly so that the reader would understand that He was defining Himself as the Messiah spoken of by Daniel who would come to the earth in the last days.

Daniel 7:13 “I was watching in the night visions, And behold, One like the Son of Man, Coming with the clouds of heaven! He came to the Ancient of Days, And they brought Him near before Him.

Luke 24:7 (Jesus) saying, “The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.”

The term “clouds of heaven” is first seen in the Old Testament—here in the book of Daniel and is later defined for us in the New Testament as a gathering of believers. When Paul wrote in Hebrews Chapter 12, he described a great cloud of witnesses in heaven who watch the spiritual progress of those on earth who have believed in Jesus for their salvation.

Hebrews 12:1 Therefore we also, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which so easily ensnares us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us

When Jesus said that He would be coming on the clouds of heaven, it is understood that He is the Messiah who will be coming with this cloud of witnesses, the redeemed church, that Paul speaks of here in the Book of Hebrews.

Matthew 24:30 Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

By Jesus use of the term, Son of Man, in applying this to Himself, He defines all of His words and actions as those of the Messiah—who was predicted by all the Hebrew prophets.

Paul confirmed this continuity between what the prophets of the Old Testament wrote concerning the Messiah, and who Jesus is and what He accomplished in the New Testament.

Hebrews 1:1 God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, 2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds…

This is authentication from Paul, who wrote most of the New Testament, describes Jesus as the Son of Man whom Daniel described. Further clarification of Jesus true origin is validated by the last line of Hebrews 1:1 (above) where Paul states that Jesus is the agent who made the universe. Jesus as the Son of Man, did not originate in Bethlehem, He is eternal, and is Himself the Author of all creation.

If we examine the full text of the Gospels, we see clearly that Jesus is attributing all of His words and actions to those of the Messiah. This is unmistakable as we examine the following occasions in the four Gospels, the Book of Acts, and the Book of Revelation—where Jesus describes Himself as—the “Son of Man,” the Messiah.

Jesus’ descriptions of Himself as the “Son of Man”:

• Having no home of His own: Matthew 8:20
• Forgiving sins: Matthew 9:6
• Returning to earth again: Matthew 10:23
• A friend of sinners: Matthew 11:19
• Lord of the Sabbath: Matthew 12:8
• Equal to God: Matthew 12:32
• Being dead for three days: Matthew 12:40
• The source of the Gospel: Matthew 13:37
• Conducting final judgement: Matthew 13:41
• The Christ, the Savior: Matthew 16:13-14
• Returning to earth in glory: Matthew 16:27
• Having a kingdom on earth: Matthew 16:28
• Rising from the dead: Matthew 17:9
• Will suffer for the sins of the world: Matthew 17:12
• Will be betrayed: Matthew 17:22
• Came to save the lost: Matthew 18:11
• Will sit on a throne of glory: Matthew 19:28
• Will be put to death: Matthew 20:18
• To give His life as a ransom: Matthew 20:28
• Every eye will see Him at His return: Matthew 24:27
• The nation of Israel will mourn for Him: Matthew 24:30
• At His return, conditions the same as the time of Noah: Matthew 24:37−39
• Will return at a time unknown: Matthew 24:44
• No one knows the day or hour of His return: Matthew 25:13
• When He returns, He will sit on a throne of glory: Matthew 25:31
• Crucified on Passover: Matthew 26:2
• He will be betrayed: Matthew 26:24
• His friends asleep during His torment: Matthew 26:45
• He will be seen at the right hand of God: Matthew 26:64
• Has the power to forgive all sins: Mark 2:10
• Lord of the Sabbath: Mark 2:28
• Will be rejected by the Elders of Israel: Mark 8:31
• He will be ashamed of those who reject Him: Mark 8:38
• He will rise from the dead: Mark 9:9
• He will suffer many things, treated with contempt: Mark 9:12
• Betrayed, killed, raised the third day: Mark 9:31
• Condemned to death by the chief priests, killed by Gentiles: Mark 10:33
• He came to be a servant and a ransom: Mark 10:45
• Coming with the clouds, with great power and glory: Mark 13:26
• He will be betrayed: Mark 14:21
• Friends with Him are unsupportive: Mark 14:41
• Seen sitting at the right hand of God, coming with clouds: Mark 14:62
• Heal the crippled, forgive sins: Luke 5:24
• Lord of the Sabbath: Luke 6:5
• A drinker of wine, friend of tax collectors and sinners: Luke 7:34
• Must suffer, be rejected by Israel, be killed, raised the third day: Luke 9:22
• Those who reject Him, He will reject: Luke 9:26
• Betrayed into the hands of evil men: Luke 9:44
• Did not come to destroy but to save: Luke 9:56
• Will live as homeless: Luke 9:58
• Fulfilling the purpose of Jonah’s prophecy: Luke 11:30
• Will confess before the Father, those who receive Him: Luke 12:8
• Will forgive those who speak against Him: Luke 12:10
• Coming again at a time unexpected: Luke 12:40
• His followers will long for His return: Luke 17:22
• The whole world will see His return: Luke 17:24
• Sin will abound upon His return: Luke 17:26-30
• Little faith in Him at His return: Luke 18:8
• All prophecies regarding the Messiah are fulfilled in Jesus: Luke 18:31
• He came to seek and save the lost: Luke 19:10
• The world will see Him return with the saved: Luke 21:27
• Followers should pray to be saved and escape the Tribulation: Luke 21:36
• His death determined by God: Luke 22:22
• Betrayed by a kiss: Luke 22:48
• Will be seen sitting on God’s throne: Luke 22:69
• Delivered to sinful men, crucified, rise again: Luke 24:7
• Later, angels will be seen descending upon Him: John 1:51
• He came from Heaven: John 3:13
• He fulfilled Moses’ prophecies of the Messiah; He will be crucified: John 3:14
• All judgment committed to Him: John 5:27
• Followers encouraged to seek Him through the word of God: John 6:27
• Followers must make Him a part of themselves to be saved: John 6:53
• Followers will see Him ascend back to heaven: John 6:62
• When He is crucified, the world will know who He is: John 8:28
• He was glorified by His death: John 12:23
• Explains that He must be crucified: John 12:34
• By His crucifixion, God is glorified: John 13:31

Jesus’ description as the Son of Man by other writers:

• Stephen testifies that He saw Jesus as the Son of Man in heaven: Acts 7:56
• Paul testified that Jesus is the Son of Man: Hebrews 2:6
• Jesus described Himself as the Son of Man in Revelation: Revelation 1:13
• John describes Jesus as the Son of Man: Revelation 14:14

By the evidence of the above scriptures, it is clear that Jesus was claiming to be the Son of Man, the Messiah, whom Daniel and all of the Old Testament prophets spoke of.

Luke 18:31 is of particular interest, because Jesus here specifically states that He is the fulfillment of all the prophecies of the Old Testament.

Luke 18:31 Then Jesus took the twelve aside and said to them, “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of Man will be accomplished.

When Daniel writes that the Son of Man will be returning with the clouds of heaven, he is referring to the specific event described by the Book of Revelation Chapter 19, where Jesus returns to earth at the end of the seven-year Tribulation, with His church.

Revelation 19:14 “And the armies in heaven (The Cloud), clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him (Jesus) on white horses.” (As the Lord returns to earth)

The cloud is a fitting description for what the return of Jesus will look like from earth. Arriving at the end of the seven-year Tribulation, coming with billions of those who were Raptured out of the earth before the Tribulation began. Like an approaching storm—far off in the distance, the immensity of this gathering cloud is made up of all those who love Jesus and are returning with Him to rule over the earth during the one thousand-year reign of the Messiah.

Jesus described the event of His return with His church as an amazing event of great glory:

Matthew 24:30 Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

Matthew 26:64 Jesus said to him, “It is as you said. Nevertheless, I say to you, hereafter you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven.”

• Today, have the church, waiting for the return of Jesus.
• The Rapture will take place.
• Believers will be taken to heaven.
• The seven-year Tribulation will begin.
• The church will be rewarded in heaven.
• Jesus returns with His church at the end of the Tribulation.
• The Son of Man coming with the clouds of heaven.

While the wrath of God is being poured out on earth during the seven-year Tribulation, the church will experience at least two wonderful events in heaven:

First: The “Marriage Supper of the Lamb,” in which Jesus unites Himself to His church as His bride.

Revelation 19:5-9 Then a voice came from the throne, saying, “Praise our God, all you His servants and those who fear Him, both small and great!” 6 And I heard, as it were, the voice of a great multitude, as the sound of many waters and as the sound of mighty thunderings, saying, “Alleluia! For the Lord God Omnipotent reigns! 7 Let us be glad and rejoice and give Him glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His wife has made herself ready.” 8 And to her it was granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.

The New Testament speaks of a great feast that the redeemed church will experience in heaven with the Lord. As John records this event while he sees it take place in heaven, a voice cries out for Praise to God. A great multitude of believers who have been redeemed by Jesus—begin to thank and praise the Lord. A proclamation is made that the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His wife (the church) has made herself ready. The readiness of all those who are a part of Jesus’ church came by their reliance on the completed work that Jesus accomplished on the cross for our sins. When we place all of our trust in Jesus for our Salvation, God places into our account—complete righteousness.[1] This is possible because Jesus’ death and resurrection fully paid the penalty for our sins and made our record clean of all sin forever. All those who have been redeemed by Jesus’ blood are given white linen garments to wear that represent His righteousness, which is our covering. Because of what Jesus has accomplished and our acceptance of Him as our Savior, we will all participate and enjoy a great feast with Jesus.

The groom serves the bride

Revelation 19:9 Then he said to me, “Write: ‘Blessed are those who are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb!’ ” And he said to me, “These are the true sayings of God.”

There is an indication by the words of Jesus that when this great feast takes place, He will be acting as a sort of “waiter” or servant to His church.

Luke 12:37 (Jesus speaking) Blessed are those servants whom the master, when he comes, will find watching. Assuredly, I say to you that he will gird himself and have them sit down to eat, and will come and serve them.

As though Jesus laying down His life for us at the cross was not enough, He continues His incredible example of humility and service—even into heaven. What an amazing and awe-inspiring event this will be when we see Jesus coming to serve us! I don’t think there will be a dry eye in the entire congregation, as we witness His great love and grace.

I personally witnessed the power of such an event, several years ago, while attending an international pastor’s conference in Murrieta California—hosted by Calvary Chapel of Costa Mesa. As we were all seated for our luncheon, various men came out with waiter’s attire and brought our food to us. As I looked up, one of the men who was serving us was the Pastor of the first Calvary Chapel that I had attended back in 1975, Raul Ries. I remember how deeply this affected me, seeing a man who had served us all so faithfully for so many years, now continuing to be a servant and bring our lunch to us.

As I consider the power of that moment upon my heart, being served by a great man of God, my thoughts ran ahead to this verse here in Luke Chapter 12:37. To see Jesus serving us in heaven at such an amazing event, along with billions of other believers in the Lord who are assembled together at once—this is a staggering thought. Whether or not this will literally happen, is not certain. It would seem from many examples that Jesus gave us in the New Testament, that He certainly could do something like this. When the Lord girded Himself and brought the basin of water to each of the disciples to wash their feet, each man was deeply affected by this act of love. I would imagine that all of us will be filled with great tears of Joy as we watch the Lord come out to serve us once again. Personally, I would rather stand up and help Jesus serve rather than be served by Him. Of course, it would not be my place to do such a thing. If Jesus has planned to do this for us, then we should all just sit back and watch Him as He serves us yet again with the kind of Love which He has continued to show to us since the day He first created the universe.


The second event that the church will experience in heaven is the ceremony of rewards that will take place.

In the kingdom age, when Jesus will rule as the Messiah for one thousand years, certain rights and privileges will be given to those who “overcome” the abiding presence of sin during their earthly life. Not that they will be sinless, but certainly that they will be attempting to sin-less. A second criteria will be whether they were watching and anticipating the return of Jesus. Those who expect Jesus to return at any moment will be living lives distant from sin and seek to be set apart entirely for Him. These unique believers will chose to live in this manner so that when their Lord arrives, they will be found living for Him. The privileges bestowed on those who choose to live their lives apart from sin’s domination and are watching for Jesus’ return—will be in the form of rulership over cities, nations, and kingdoms. Jesus will reward those who live for Him and are watching for His return, with authority over the nations, as we return to earth with Him at the end of the seven year Tribulation.

There are no rewards given for works done prior to salvation, for no one can earn eternal life. Salvation is by Grace through Faith, not of ourselves. However, there are great rewards given to the believer after they have experienced salvation in Jesus Christ, if they choose to live for Him.

The principle of Rewards is not taught today in most Christian churches, even though it is widely described in the Bible.

Colossians 3:23-24 And whatever you do, do it heartily, as to the Lord and not to men, knowing that from the Lord you will receive the reward of the inheritance; for you serve the Lord Christ.

2 Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.

Some Christians will receive a “double portion” of rewards from the Lord for their faithful service to Him while living in their bodies here on earth. These works are done for Jesus after the believer has been saved and before the Rapture occurs. Once the foundation for salvation in Jesus Christ has been laid, then the believer has the opportunity to build on that foundation and earn rewards, based on the motivation for performing those works.

1 Corinthians 3:9-15 For we are God’s fellow workers; you are God’s field, you are God’s building. According to the grace of God which was given to me, as a wise master builder I have laid the foundation, and another builds on it. But let each one take heed how he builds on it. For no other foundation can anyone lay than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ. Now if anyone builds on this foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, straw, each one’s work will become clear; for the Day will declare it, because it will be revealed by fire; and the fire will test each one’s work, of what sort it is. If anyone’s work which he has built on it endures, he will receive a reward. If anyone’s work is burned, he will suffer loss; but he himself will be saved, yet so as through fire.

• We are all fellow workers; each of us can receive rewards from Jesus.
• The foundation for our salvation is Jesus Christ; there is no other.
• We can build on that foundation to earn rewards, but we must be careful.
• The building materials that we can use are: gold, silver, precious stones, which are elements that cannot be destroyed by fire.
• We can also use building materials such as wood, hay, or straw—elements that will be consumed when exposed to fire.
• Our building materials will be tested by the fire of God’s judgment to see what kind they were. Those things that we have done solely for Jesus will survive. Those done for self will be consumed.
• Everything that we do for Jesus which survives His testing of our works by fire, we will receive a reward.

For more information on the subject of the believers rewards, see the chapter in this book: Principles of Rewards.

For a detailed study on the events that will transpire at the return of Jesus to the earth, see Prophecy 285.

[1] Colossians 2:10 and you are complete in Him, who is the head of all principality and power.
2 Corinthians 5:21 For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

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