344: Zechariah 11:8a

365 Prophecies: Prophecy 344

Three evil leaders were “dismissed” as a result of the Messiah’s condemnation and death.

Old Testament Prediction:

Zechariah 11:8a I dismissed the three shepherds in one month. My soul loathed them, and their soul also abhorred me.

New Testament Fulfillment:

Caiaphas (Matt. 26:57-68)
Matthew 26:57 And those who had laid hold of Jesus led Him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled.

Matthew 26:59-60 Now the chief priests, the elders, and all the council sought false testimony against Jesus to put Him to death, but found none. Even though many false witnesses came forward, they found none.

Pontius Pilate (Matt. 27:11-31)
Matthew 27:13-14 Then Pilate said to Him, “Do You not hear how many things they testify against You?” But He answered him not one word, so that the governor marveled greatly.

Matthew 27:19 While Pilate was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, “Have nothing to do with that just Man, for I have suffered many things today in a dream because of Him.”

Matthew 27:26 Then Pilate released Barabbas to them; and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered Him to be crucified.

Herod (Luke 23:7-11)
Luke 23:6-7 When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked if the Jesus were a Galilean. And as soon as he knew that Jesus belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.

Luke 23:11 Then Herod, with his men of war, treated Him with contempt and mocked Him, arrayed Him in a gorgeous robe, and sent Him back to Pilate.


As a result of Jesus being brought before these three evil rulers, God holds them accountable for their actions that led to the death of the Messiah. In this 344th Old Testament Prophecy, Zechariah predicts their condemnation by God.

Matthew 27:20 But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitudes that they should ask for Barabbas and destroy Jesus.

Caiaphas was the High Priest in Israel who led the Sanhedrin and the entire nation into the rejection of Jesus as their Messiah.

Pontius Pilate saw every evidence that Jesus was innocent. By his wife’s testimony that Jesus was a good man and that he should have anything to do with His conviction, he stood guilty of Jesus’ blood, being without excuse. Pilate observed Jesus’ refusal to defend Himself when He was repeatedly accused of crimes that Pilate knew He did not commit. This Roman ruler was “amazed” at Jesus’ silence, indicating that He was probably the only man he this Roman ruler had ever known who did not try to defend Himself or give an answer to the charges He was accused of. Instead of following his conscience and letting Jesus go free, Pilate was afraid of the Jews and turned Him over to be crucified.

Herod never examined the evidence against Jesus himself to see if He was truly guilty. Herod, brutally treated the Lord with great contempt and sent Him back to those who put Him to death.

Although there was no credible evidence against Jesus that would have warranted His death by crucifixion, these three “shepherds” refused to defend Jesus or demand a proper trial be conducted.

See the chapter in this book: The Illegal Trials of Jesus.

Zechariah’s prophecy describes three leaders of Israel who would be “dismissed” as a result of their harsh treatment of the Messiah.

Caiaphas was dismissed by the Syrian governor, Lucius Vitellius, who was appointed by the Roman Government just a few years after Jesus died and rose from the dead.[1]

Pilate killed himself when he was banished from his job because of his corruption in overseeing Israel.[2]

Herod was removed by the Romans and exiled until he died.[3]

When these three men condemned Jesus and did nothing to save His life, they had their own careers and lives prematurely ended by God. This, in fulfillment of the word of God through the prophet Zechariah.

It is interesting that the same month that each of these rulers betrayed and condemned Jesus to death, God determined that their lives and careers would come to an end.[4]

“I dismissed the three shepherds in one month.”

A further self-fulfillment is observed by the words of the Jews when they cried out, as Pilate offers them the choice between releasing Jesus or Barabbas:

Matthew 27:24-26 When Pilate saw that he could not prevail at all, but rather that a tumult was rising, he took water and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, “I am innocent of the blood of this just Person. You see to it.” And all the people answered and said, “His blood be on us and on our children.” Then he released Barabbas to them; and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered Him to be crucified.

In 70 A.D., when the Roman general Titus sacked the city of Jerusalem, this self-fulfilling prophecy of the Jews who cried out for Jesus’ crucifixion and said, “His blood be on us and our children,” was fulfilled. One million Jews were slaughtered by this Roman siege against Jerusalem. Another 97,000 were banished from Israel and became refugees all over the world.

Moses surprisingly predicted this event of the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in Deuteronomy 28:15,49,52-53.

“If you do not obey the voice of the LORD your God… all these curses will come upon you and overtake you… The Lord will bring a nation against you from afar… They shall besiege you at all your gates until your high and fortified walls, in which you trust, come down… you shall eat the fruit of your own body, the flesh of your sons and your daughters whom the LORD your God has given you, in the siege and desperate straits in which your enemy shall distress you.”

The prediction of Moses was fulfilled in 70 A.D. when the Romans destroyed Jerusalem and burned the temple.

[1] Antiquitates Judaicae 18.95-97 Bond, Caiaphas, p. 86.
[2] Eusebius, Historia Ecclesiae ii: 7
[3] Josephus, Antiquities 18.240–252, War 2.181–183. For the date, see Schürer 352–353 n. 42
[4] We notice that God did not say that these men would lose their positions in the same month, God determined in the same month that they betrayed the Messiah that they would be dismissed.

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