The following is a list of 50 prophecies from the Old Testament that specifically speak of the death of the Messiah for the sins of all people. This list is compiled for the purpose of providing references to the many prophecies of the Old Testament which describe a suffering and dying Messiah. For detailed information regarding any of the following prophecies, click on the referenced prophecy and you will be directed to the entire material for that particular prediction.
For assistance in understanding how a particular prophecy is associated with a true prophecy of the Messiah, see the article: “How Messianic Prophecy is Determined“
A promise made that a “Messiah”, or “Savior” will be given, who will be born by a miraculous virgin birth, (The Seed of a Woman) without the aid of a human father.
Genesis 3:15a “And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel.”
The illustration of Abraham offering his only son Isaac on Mount Moriah, as a prequel for God’s offering of His only Son, the Messiah, for the sins of the world on Mount Moriah.
Genesis 22:1-2 Now it came to pass after these things that God tested Abraham, and said to him, “Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” Then He said, “Take now your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you.
The “Blood” of the Messiah shall be the sign of God’s covenant to “pass-over” the sins of the believer.
Exodus 12:13 “Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.”
The Messiah shall be the Passover Lamb.
Exodus 12:21-23 “Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Pick out and take lambs for yourselves according to your families, and kill the Passover lamb. And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. And none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning. For the LORD will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door and not allow the destroyer to come into your houses to strike you.”
The blood of the Messiah’s sacrifice for sins, shall be sprinkled on the Mercy Seat.
Leviticus 16:15-17 Then he shall kill the goat of the sin offering, which is for the people, bring its blood inside the veil, do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bull, and sprinkle it on the mercy seat and before the mercy seat. So he shall make atonement for the Holy Place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions, for all their sins; and so he shall do for the tabernacle of meeting which remains among them in the midst of their uncleanness. There shall be no man in the tabernacle of meeting when he goes in to make atonement in the Holy Place, until he comes out, that he may make atonement for himself, for his household, and for all the assembly of Israel.
The Messiah’s sacrifice for the sin offering shall be killed outside of the camp.
Leviticus 16:27 The bull for the sin offering and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the Holy Place, shall be carried outside the camp. And they shall burn in the fire their skins, their flesh, and their offal.
The shed Blood of the Messiah shall make atonement for the sins of the world.
Leviticus 17:11b “For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul.”
The Messiah will take our curse upon himself.
Deuteronomy 21:23 “…his body shall not remain overnight on the tree, but you shall surely bury him that day, so that you do not defile the land which the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance; for he who is hanged is accursed of God.”
The promise of resurrection as Job sees his “Redeemer”, the Messiah standing on the earth in his resurrected body, in the last days.
Job 19:25-27 “For I know that my Redeemer lives, And He shall stand at last on the earth; And after my skin is destroyed, this I know, That in my flesh I shall see God, Whom I shall see for myself, And my eyes shall behold, and not another. How my heart yearns within me!”
The Messiah will be killed and Resurrected.
Psalms 2:7-8 “I will declare the decree: The LORD has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have begotten You. Ask of Me, and I will give You The nations for Your inheritance, And the ends of the earth for Your possession.”
The Messiah will be forsaken by God because He will take the world’s sin upon Himself.
Psalms 22:1 “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me? Why are You so far from helping Me, And from the words of My groaning?”
The Messiah will “cry out” to God during His suffering.
Psalms 22:2 “O My God, I cry in the daytime, but You do not hear; And in the night season, and am not silent…”
The Messiah will be despised, rejected, abused and thought to be “a worm”, even less than a man.
Psalms 22:6 “But I am a worm, and no man; A reproach of men, and despised by the people.”
The Messiah was born for the express purpose of being the Savior of the world.
Psalms 22:9-10 “But You are He who took Me out of the womb; You made Me trust while on My mother’s breasts. I was cast upon You from birth. From My mother’s womb You have been My God.”
The Messiah will be crucified, and die from a ruptured heart.
Psalms 22:14 “They gape at Me with their mouths, Like a raging and roaring lion. I am poured out like water, And all My bones are out of joint; My heart is like wax; It has melted within Me.
The Messiah will thirst while on the cross.
Psalms 22:13-17 “They gape at Me with their mouths, Like a raging and roaring lion. I am poured out like water, And all My bones are out of joint; My heart is like wax; It has melted within Me. My strength is dried up like a potsherd, And My tongue clings to My jaws; You have brought Me to the dust of death. For dogs have surrounded Me; The congregation of the wicked has enclosed Me. They pierced My hands and My feet; I can count all My bones.”
Those who see the Messiah being crucified will hate Him and mock Him.
Psalms 22:16 “For dogs have surrounded Me; The congregation of the wicked has enclosed Me.”
The hands and feet of the Messiah will be pierced.
Psalm 22:16 “They pierced My hands and My feet…”
The Messiah will be stripped of His clothing and be naked before the world.
Psalms 22:17-18 “I can count all My bones. They look and stare at Me. They divide My garments among them, And for My clothing they cast lots.”
The garments of the Messiah will be divided and gambled for by those who watch him die.
Psalms 22:18 “They divide My garments among them, And for My clothing they cast lots.”
Despite all of God’s wrath being poured out on the Messiah, He commits himself to God, and trust in Him to exonerate Him after He makes His life a sacrifice.
Psalms 22:19-21 “But You, O LORD, do not be far from Me; O My Strength, hasten to help Me! Deliver Me from the sword, My precious life from the power of the dog. Save Me from the lion’s mouth And from the horns of the wild oxen! You have answered Me.”
The devil will seek to kill the Messiah at the cross and end His plan for the salvation of men.
Psalms 22:20-21 “Deliver Me from the sword, My precious life from the power of the dog. Save Me from the lion’s mouth And from the horns of the wild oxen! You have answered Me.”
It is by the death and resurrection of the Messiah that the whole world will learn of the Grace and Love of God.
Psalms 22:22 “I will declare Your name to My brethren; In the midst of the assembly I will praise You.”
Because of the Messiah’s victory at the cross, he shall be given dominion and rulership over all the nations of the world.
Psalms 22:27-29 “All the ends of the world Shall remember and turn to the LORD, And all the families of the nations Shall worship before You. For the kingdom is the LORD’S, And He rules over the nations. All the prosperous of the earth Shall eat and worship; All those who go down to the dust Shall bow before Him, Even he who cannot keep himself alive.”
The Messiah will have eye witnesses who will testify of his life, death, and resurrection. Those who read their testimony will take the Gospel to the whole world.
Psalms 22:30-31 “A posterity shall serve Him. It will be recounted of the Lord to the next generation, They will come and declare His righteousness to a people who will be born, That He has done this.”
The Messiah will not be left in the grave, He will be resurrected to life.
Psalms 30:3 “O LORD, You brought my soul up from the grave; You have kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit.”
The exact words that the Messiah will speak upon his death, as He commits his Spirit to God.
Psalms 31:5 “Into Your hand I commit my spirit…”
Plans will be made to put the Messiah to death.
Psalms 31:13 “For I hear the slander of many; Fear is on every side; While they take counsel together against me, They scheme to take away my life.”
Not one of the Messiah’s bones will be broken.
Psalms 34:20 “He guards all his bones; Not one of them is broken.”
Although the Messiah will go into the lower parts of the earth at His death, He will be raised to life again with great joy over all those who will know Him after His resurrection.
Psalms 40:2-3 “He also brought me up out of a horrible pit, Out of the miry clay, And set my feet upon a rock, And established my steps. He has put a new song in my mouth—Praise to our God; Many will see it and fear, And will trust in the LORD.
The intense anguish that the Messiah felt before His crucifixion.
Psalms 69:14-15 “Deliver me out of the mire, And let me not sink; Let me be delivered from those who hate me, And out of the deep waters. Let not the floodwater overflow me, Nor let the deep swallow me up; And let not the pit shut its mouth on me.”
The Persecution of the Messiah Predicted.
Psalms 69:26 “For they persecute the ones You have struck, And talk of the grief of those You have wounded.”
The suffering of the Messiah described in vivid detail.
Psalms 102:1-11 Hear my prayer, O LORD, And let my cry come to You. Do not hide Your face from me in the day of my trouble; Incline Your ear to me; In the day that I call, answer me speedily. For my days are consumed like smoke, And my bones are burned like a hearth. My heart is stricken and withered like grass, So that I forget to eat my bread. Because of the sound of my groaning My bones cling to my skin. I am like a pelican of the wilderness; I am like an owl of the desert. I lie awake, And am like a sparrow alone on the housetop. My enemies reproach me all day long; Those who deride me swear an oath against me. For I have eaten ashes like bread, And mingled my drink with weeping, Because of Your indignation and Your wrath; For You have lifted me up and cast me away. My days are like a shadow that lengthens, And I wither away like grass.
The Messiah shall be resurrected from the dead.
Psalms 118:17-18 I shall not die, but live, And declare the works of the LORD. The LORD has chastened me severely, But He has not given me over to death.
The Messiah will “swallow up” death. Literally, He will taste death for everyone and remove it forever.
Isaiah 25:8 He will swallow up death forever, And the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from all faces; The rebuke of His people He will take away from all the earth; For the LORD has spoken.
The purpose of the Messiah’s sacrifice was to carry the sorrow for our sins.
Isaiah 53:4b Surely He has …carried our sorrows….
The purpose of the Messiah’s sacrifice will be to pay the penalty for all mankind’s sins.
Isaiah 53:5a But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities…
The purpose of the Messiah’s sacrifice was to bear the sins of the whole world who were lost and separated from God.
Isaiah 53:6a All we like sheep have gone astray; We have turned, every one, to his own way…
The Messiah will be the Lamb that takes way the sins of the whole world.
Isaiah 53:7c He was led as a lamb to the slaughter, And as a sheep before its shearers is silent, So He opened not His mouth.
The Messiah to be “cut off” (killed) at the hands of evil men.
Isaiah 53:8c For He was cut off from the land of the living; For the transgressions of My people He was stricken.
The ultimate purpose of the Messiah’s death was to remove the transgressions of all people.
Isaiah 53:8d …For the transgressions of My people He was stricken.
It pleased the Lord to punish the Messiah for the sins of the world.
Isaiah 53:10a Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise Him; He has put Him to grief. When You make His soul an offering for sin…
The Messiah shall become the bearer of all sin’s, for all people, for all time.
Isaiah 53:11d ... For He shall bear their iniquities (sins).
The Messiah will “pour out His soul unto death”, He will give all that He has for those He is redeeming.
Isaiah 53:12b …Because He poured out His soul unto death, And He was numbered with the transgressors, And He bore the sin of many, And made intercession for the transgressors.
The purpose of the Messiah is to “bear the sins of many”.
Isaiah 53:12d … And He bore the sin of many, And made intercession for the transgressors.
The Messiah will be “cut off”, or killed, in the midst of His ministry.
Daniel 9:26a “And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off…
The Messiah will not be put to death for His own sins, but for the sins of the whole world.
Daniel 9:26b “And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself…
The Messiah shall defeat death by His resurrection from the dead.
Hosea 13:14 “I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death. O Death, I will be your plagues! O Grave, I will be your destruction! Pity is hidden from My eyes.”
The nation of Israel and the Jews will finally “look upon” the one that they pierced, and understand that He is their Messiah.
Zechariah 12:10c “And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn.
The wounds of the Messiah will be due to the sins of His “friends” that He dies for.
Zechariah 13:6 And one will say to him, What are these wounds between your arms? Then he will answer, Those with which I was wounded in the house of my friends.