It is incredible how many people rely on a man who is known as a New Testament scholar, yet spends so much time trying to refute every important principle of the New Testament. Perhaps the most famous of all Ehrman’s attempts at impeachment is the idea that the Apostles of Jesus were simple peasants who were illiterate and not capable of writing the elegant Greek text of the New Testament.
This hypothesis is based upon the text from Acts 4 where Peter and John are standing before the religious leaders of Israel. Peter has been delivering an incredible expository teaching at the Temple during the Feast of Tabernacles, proving from the Hebrew scriptures that Jesus is the Messiah and the fulfillment of all the prophets wrote concerning Him. As Peter has concluded his teaching, he is summoned by the leaders of Israel to answer their questions regarding why he is teaching in the name of Jesus. Notice that these men ask Peter, “by what power are you doing this?” They recognized that Peter had exhibited incredible ability to deliver, perhaps the most incredible sermon in the New Testament. They didn’t understand how a simple fisherman could accomplish this.
And it came to pass, on the next day, that their rulers, elders, and scribes, as well as Annas the high priest, Caiaphas, John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the family of the high priest, were gathered together at Jerusalem. And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, “By what power or by what name have you done this?”
Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, “Rulers of the people and elders of Israel: If we this day are judged for a good deed done to a helpless man, by what means he has been made well, let it be known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead, by Him this man stands here before you whole. This is the ‘stone which was rejected by you builders, which has become the chief cornerstone.’ Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.”
Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were uneducated and untrained men, they marveled. And they realized that they had been with Jesus. ~Acts 4:5-13 (NKJV)
Understanding the context of how this meeting took place is important to a comprehension of what the Jewish leaders are saying in the final paragraph. They had seen and heard Peter preaching before a very large crowd of worshippers who had come from many nations to Jerusalem for the Feast of Tabernacles. In Acts chapter 2, Peter begins to preach with such fervor and scholarly knowledge of the Hebrew scriptures, that the leaders of Israel were completely flabbergasted at how an uneducated fisherman was able to navigate over 25 of the Hebrew texts and apply them to Jesus.
Peter’s Scholarly Dissertation Of Acts Chapters Two And Three
The first reference in the following list is the scriptures that Peter quotes from in Acts Chapter 2. The reference that follows each of these verses in Acts 2, is the text from the Old Testament that Peter is quoting from. No uneducated fisherman would ever be capable of teaching through these 25 verses of Hebrew scripture and apply them to Jesus as the fulfillment of these Old Testament texts. This is, of course, unless he was empowered by the Holy Spirit.
- Acts 2:17-21~Joel 2:28-32
- Acts 2:18~Numbers 11:29
- Acts 2:25-28~Psalms 16:8-11
- Acts 2:29~1 Kings 2:10
- Acts 2:30~2 Samuel 7:12-14
- Acts 2:30~Psalms 89:4
- Acts 2:30~Psalms 132:11
- Acts 2:31~Psalms 16:10
- Acts 2:34-35~Psalms 110:1
- Acts 2:39~Isaiah 43:3
- Acts 2:39~Isaiah 57:19
- Acts 2:40~Deuteronomy 32:5
- Acts 3:13~Exodus 3:6, 15
- Acts 3:18~Psalms 22;
- Acts 3:18~Psalms 41:v9
- Acts 3:18~Psalms 69:4, 21
- Acts 3:18~Isaiah 50:6
- Acts 3:18~Isaiah 53:4-11
- Acts 3:18~Zechariah 12:10
- Acts 3:18~Zechariah 13:7
- Acts 3:22~Deuteronomy 18:15, 18
- Acts 3:23~Leviticus 23:29
- Acts 3:23~Deuteronomy 18:19
- Acts 3:25~Genesis 22:18
- Acts 3:25~Genesis 26:4
As Peter and John are summoned before the leaders of Israel, these men observe their appearance and wonder how untrained and uneducated men could accomplish what they had just seen Peter do at the Temple.
We notice that the text does not say Peter and John actually were uneducated, only that this was the “perception” of these leaders.
It is clear from the entire context of Acts chapters 2-4, that because of what the priests, the captain of the Temple guard, and some of the Sadducees had personally seen and heard from Peter’s incredible speech in Acts 2-3, they no longer believed Peter and John were uneducated, only that they didn’t know how Peter was capable of such a feat.
They brought in the two disciples and demanded, “By what power, or in whose name, have you done this?” Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, “Rulers and elders of our people. ~Acts 4:7-8
We can see that these leaders understood that God could give power to men to accomplish incredible things like Peter had exhibited. We see this power that is give by God, all throughout the Old Testament. The Problem for the priests and the Sadducees, was that Peter and John claimed that Jesus, whom these men had crucified, had given them this power.
We know and understand today that it was the power of the Holy Spirit that Jesus promised would come after He had risen from the dead, that had enabled Peter to accomplish what the leaders of Israel and many people today believe was impossible.
(Jesus) “I am telling you these things now while I am still with you. But when the Father sends the Advocate as my representative—that is, the Holy Spirit—he will teach you everything and will remind you of everything I have told you.” ~John 14:25-26
This is the oft-missing information that those who do not know Jesus or the power He brought to earth, understand. What enabled simple fishermen to deliver a message like this, to perhaps a million worshippers at Jerusalem, with such precision and accuracy, was only possible by the power of the Holy Spirit.
If we read the entire body of texts for Acts chapters 2-4, we see exactly what is taking place here. Peter preaching to an immense crowd of people from dozens of nations, with abilities that were only possible from an educated scholar with extreme knowledge of Hebrew scripture. This together with expository precision and a delivery that was so compelling that over 3,000 people received Christ after Peter concluded His speech (Acts 2:41).
The leaders of Israel knew that it was impossible to conclude any longer that Peter and John were just simple fishermen without any education. The rest of the text that follows tells us what changed, “They realized Peter and John had been with Jesus,” and this was the source of their education and power to accomplish what they had seen and heard in Acts 2-3. Jesus had promised to give them the Holy Spirit and He had.
From the arrival of the Holy Spirit upon the 12 Apostles in Acts 2, every one of these men were now able to remember, write, and compose an accurate testimony of all they had seen and heard from Jesus. It was Jesus Himself who told these men that this would happen.
These things I have spoken to you while being present with you. But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you. ~John 14:25-26 (NKJV)
Remember that after Jesus was raised from the dead, He instructed the Apostles to wait in Jerusalem until the Feast of Pentecost 50 days later (Acts 1:4). It is clear from that exchange between Jesus and these men that they wanted to get out immediately and begin preaching what they had seen and heard. Jesus said to first wait for the arrival of the Holy Spirit that would come and live in them, enabling these men to remember what Jesus had said (John 14:25-26), and records it so that letters could be sent to the seven primary churches in Asia at that time.
We see these seven churches described in Revelation chapters 1-3. In these texts Jesus repeatedly states that John is to write in a book, all that he has seen in the past, sees now in the present, and will take place in the future. The early Christian church had already established a postal route in Asia Minor whereby the letters of the New Testament and the Gospels from the Apostles testimony about Jesus, could be distributed to these churches. This was already in place by the time that John writes the book of Revelation.
12 Times Jesus Said Write And Send
- “Write in a book everything you see…” Rev. 1:11
- “Write down what you have seen…” Rev. 1:19
- “Write letters…” Rev. 2:1, 2:8, 2:12, 2:18, 3:1, 3:7, 3:14
- “Write this down…” Rev. 14:13
- “Write this…” Rev. 19:19
- “Write in a book everything you see…” Rev 21:11
Each of the letters that Paul wrote, and the Gospels, were sent personally to these seven churches with the name of each particular church placed at the top of the letter. “To The Church At Ephesus…” This is how we acquired the known names of these letters that are in the New Testament. The names of these churches are on the manuscripts. The same was done for the Gospels that were written in the years right after Jesus was raised.
Jesus said, “Write in a book everything you see, and send it to the seven churches in the cities of Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.” ~Revelation 1:11 (NLT)
The idea that the Gospels were written decades later by non-eyewitnesses, is a fabrication. This lie was created by men like Bart Ehrman and other liberal scholars in order to try and impeach the certainty that actual eyewitnesses had written the text. The problem for Ehrman is that there is absolutely no evidence that has ever been found to prove the Gospels were not written by the men who are associated with these texts or that the Gospels were actually written decades later.
We see evidence in the first chapter of Revelation that Jesus intended that the Apostles would write what they had seen and heard and how Jesus intended they would accomplish this; the established postal routes of the seven churches in the map above.
The idea that Jesus only told John in Revelation chapter one to “write in a book and send,” but did not want the Apostles who saw His miracles, crucifixion and resurrection, to write and send, is preposterous. This is particularly true because Jesus said to take their message to the whole world in Acts 1:8. There is no possibility that these men did not obey Jesus’ explicit command to go out to the world at once.
There is great evidence in the New Testament that Jesus expected the Apostles to immediately write a testimony and send it to these seven churches so that it would be further distributed to the entire world.
Notice Jesus’ Emphatic Command To Take What They Had Seen To The Whole World
- Acts 1:8 you shall be witnesses to Me… to the end of the earth.”
- Mark 16:15 And Jesus said to them, “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature.
- John 17:18 (Father) As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world.
- John 17:20 “I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word.”
“You will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes upon you. And you will be my witnesses, telling people about me—everywhere—in Jerusalem, throughout Judea, in Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.” ~Acts 1:8
Does this sound to you like Jesus wanted these twelve men who had seen the most spectacular events in the history of the world, to wait 20, 30, 40 years or more before they wrote a record of all that Jesus had said and done? How else could the Apostles obey Jesus’ command to reach the whole world, if not by letters? They were not capable of traveling the entire planet on foot.
We have found evidence that these men did this very thing by the surviving manuscripts of the New Testament that came from all over the world.
Jesus called these twelve men to testify as eyewitnesses at that moment. All the miracles that they saw could never be repeated; yet all these things must be known to the world for all time. Jesus wanted the people of that moment who were still alive to know these things, and also every person throughout history.
In John’s Gospel Jesus promised that He would remind these men of everything they had seen and heard so they could write a reliable account. ~John 14:26
Jesus said that the Holy Spirit would testify of Him to these men. Then they must testify about Him to the world, because they had been with Him from the beginning. ~John 15:26
The evidence that the Gospels were written immediately after Jesus rose from the dead, is found in the text itself where Jesus makes this requirement an imperative.
There is absolutely no evidence anywhere that these men waited for decades to write their testimony. This idea comes from a few liberal New Testament scholars as their opinions, but not because there is any proof that this is really true.
The text of the New Testament is where we find the evidence. It is by what Jesus said regarding His desire that these twelve men would tell everyone what they had seen, and the statements of these men who said they saw Jesus with their own eyes, that we can correctly understand that the New Testament was written by men who saw Jesus and heard Him. These men certainly did not wait, they began to write immediately and started to distribute these texts all over the world within a short period of time. They did this because Jesus told them to write a remembrance and tell the world immediately.
Surviving Manuscript Evidence
The evidence we have for exactly what Jesus intended these men must do after He rose from the dead, exists in the 24,593 surviving New Testament manuscripts copies we have in our possession today. Nearly the entire New Testament, including the P45, manuscripts from 200 A.D., which contain the book of Acts where Peter preached his sermon, are evidence that Peter and the other eleven Apostles were eyewitnesses, and Jesus wanted them to immediately write and send their testimony to the world.
There are 134 places in the New Testament where statements are made regarding the eyewitness testimony that these men wrote. They say in their own words, “I saw Jesus with my own eyes,” and they record that what is written in the Gospels and the other New Testament letters are truthful testimony.
This is the disciple who testifies of these things, and wrote these things; and we know that his testimony is true. ~John 21:24 (NKJV)
Paul States That He Saw Jesus With His Own Eyes In 1 Corinthians 9:1
Am I not as free as anyone else? Am I not an apostle? Haven’t I seen Jesus our Lord with my own eyes? ~1 Corinthians 9:1 (NLT)
Paul actually saw Jesus on eight occasions, with two additional places where other Ananias and Barnabas also state that Paul saw Jesus:
- The statement above: 1 Corinthians 9:1
- On the road to Damascus: Acts 9:3-6.
- Ananias said Paul saw Jesus: Acts 9:17
- Barnabas said that Paul saw Jesus: Acts 9:27
- At Corinth: 1 Corinthians 15:8
- At Corinth: Acts 18:9-10.
- At Jerusalem: Acts 22:6-10.
- While praying at the Temple: Acts 22:12-21.
- At the Roman barracks: Acts 23:11.
- Before king Agrippa: Acts 26:12-18
Peter Saw Jesus With His Eyes
For we were not making up clever stories when we told you about the powerful coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. We saw his majestic splendor with our own eyes. ~2 Peter 1:16
This is a reference by Peter to the Transfiguration of Jesus that Peter, James, and John saw with their eyes in Matthew 17:1-6, Mark 13:26, Luke 9:28-32. Jesus showed these three what He will look like in His kingdom. Moses and Elijah were also with Him.
It is interesting that here in 2 Peter 1:16, he describes events that were already written in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. If the Gospels were not written first, early in the first century, how is it that Peter is able to quote from them later in the first century? Peter was killed in 68 A.D. This demands the Gospels were written long before Peter wrote the letter, 2 Peter, and was killed in 68 A.D.
This is one of the many places in the New Testament where evidence exists to impeach the idea of a late first century writing of the Gospels.
James Saw Jesus With His Eyes
Paul said James also saw Jesus with his eyes. Paul confirmed that James saw Jesus alive after His crucifixion in 1 Corinthians 15:7 “After that Jesus was seen by James, then by all the apostles.”
John Said He Saw Jesus With His Eyes
We proclaim to you the one who existed from the beginning, whom we have heard and seen. We saw him with our own eyes and touched him with our own hands. ~1 John 1:1
Luke Said He Went Back To The Beginning Of All Jesus Did, And Interviewed The Eyewitness Testimony Of The Early Disciples
Many people have set out to write accounts about the events that have been fulfilled among us. They used the eyewitness reports circulating among us from the early disciples. Having carefully investigated everything from the beginning, I also have decided to write an accurate account for you. ~Luke 1:1-3
In many regards, the Gospel of Luke is a significant account of Jesus because of the incredible skill of Luke as a highly educated Greek Physician. We see this skill throughout His Gospel and the following text in the Book of Acts. The world-renowned archeologist and scholar Sir William Ramsay, said this about Luke:
“Luke is a historian of the first rank; not merely are his statements of fact trustworthy…this author should be placed along with the very greatest historians.” ~ William Ramsay, The Bearing of Recent Discovery on the Trustworthiness of the New Testament, page 222
Dr. Ramsay believed at the onset that the accounts described in the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts, were inaccurate. He undertook an expedition to Asia, to refute the New Testament, only to become so overwhelmed by the accuracy of evidence placed by Luke in his Gospel and Acts that he became a follower of Jesus Christ.
Matthew Saw Jesus With His Eyes
As Jesus was walking along, he saw a man named Matthew sitting at his tax collector’s booth. “Follow me and be my disciple,” Jesus said to him. So Matthew got up and followed him. Later, Matthew invited Jesus and his disciples to his home as dinner guests. ~Matthew 9:9-10
Matthew wrote that when Jesus had risen from the dead, eleven of the disciples saw Him alive. (Judas Iscariot dead)
Then the eleven disciples left for Galilee, going to the mountain where Jesus had told them to go. When they saw him, they worshiped him. ~Matthew 28:16-17
This appearance of Jesus at the mountain is the event Paul described in 1 Corinthians 15:6, where over 500 people saw Jesus alive at one time.
After that, he was seen by more than 500 of his followers at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have died. Then he was seen by James and later by all the apostles. Last of all, as though I had been born at the wrong time, I also saw him. ~1 Corinthians 15:6-7
Here, Paul also states again that He saw Jesus alive with his eyes. Paul states all twelve of the Apostles saw Jesus alive after His crucifixion, with their eyes.
Places In the New Testament Where People Saw The Risen Jesus
- Mary Magdalene. John 20:11-17
- Mary and Salome Mathew 28:9-10
- Peter: Luke 24:34
- Two Disciples: Luke 24:13-32
- 10 Apostles: Luke 24:33-49
- 11 Apostles: John 20:26-30
- 7 Apostles: John 21:1-14
- 12 Apostles: Matthew 28:16-20
- 500 people at one time: 1 Corinthians 15:6
- James: 1 Corinthians 15:7
- 11 Apostles: Acts 1:4-9
- Paul: 1 Corinthians 9:1, Acts 9:3-6, Acts 9:17, 1 Corinthians 15:8, Acts 18:9-10, Acts 22:12-21, Acts 23:11, Acts 26:12-18
There are 396 citations in the New Testament where Jesus’ death and resurrection are described in context with witnesses who saw these events.
These are the words of men who were there when the events happened and they wrote for us what they saw and heard. We have the largest manuscript record of any event of antiquity, secular or religious, by the surviving New Testament manuscripts.
There is no evidence in existence that the four Gospels were written decades after Jesus rose from the dead. There is great evidence in the text of the New Testament itself that Jesus called men who had seen Him, to write a testimony and send it out to the world as fast as possible.
Notice Carefully All Of Peters Words In Act Chapter Ten
And you know that God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power. (1) Then Jesus went around doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him. (2) “And we apostles are witnesses of all he did throughout Judea and in Jerusalem. (3) They put him to death by hanging him on a cross, (4) but God raised him to life on the third day. (5) Then God allowed him to appear, not to the general public, (6) but to us whom God had chosen in advance to be his witnesses. (7) We were those who ate and drank with him after he rose from the dead. (8) And he ordered us to preach everywhere and to testify that Jesus is the one appointed by God to be the judge of all—the living and the dead. (9) He is the one all the prophets testified about, (10) saying that everyone who believes in him will have their sins forgiven through his name.” ~Acts 10:38-43 (NLT)
- Jesus performed miracles.
- The Apostles are witnesses.
- Jesus Died on a cross.
- Jesus Rose the third day.
- Jesus appeared to eyewitnesses.
- Jesus chose Apostles, as eyewitnesses and ordered them to write and testify everywhere.
- These Apostles ate and drank with the risen Jesus
- Jesus ordered the Apostles to preach everywhere and testify about Jesus.
- Jesus fulfilled all the Messianic prophecies required of the Messiah.
- Everyone who believes in Jesus’ death and resurrection is saved.
In this one paragraph, everything that any person needs to prove that Jesus did all the things described for Him, is contained in this single location. It has been preserved in manuscripts from 2,000 years ago and matches our New Testament today.
Bart Ehrman is a mercenary for the atheist movement. He has written in opposition to Jesus and His Gospel for many years because his claim to have been a former Christian now an atheist has made him a very famous and wealthy man. The majority of books written by Ehrman contain very little evidence, or in some cases, no evidence whatsoever to support his suppositions. This is particularly true in the places where he asserts that the Gospels were written late in the first century by non-eyewitnesses.
You have seen from this article how Ehrman is wrong about Acts 4:13. He is wrong about many other assertions that he has made in his books and article. He is the atheist hero and they look to him for all their evidence to try and impeach the Gospels of Christ. Ehrman is not reliable and one wonders how anyone can rightly be described a true scholar when their conclusions are so filled with error.
I have impeach Ehrman’s hypothesis that Jesus never claimed to be God, but was made God by the men who wrote the New Testament. See this impeachment in “Why Jesus Is God, And Others Are Not.”
If you think that Ehrman is a scholar and therefore must be right, I challenge you to read a few of his books and notice that there is no evidence to prove that the Gospels were written late by men other than the Apostles. You will not find it.
According to Ehrman, because the narratives of Jesus found in the New Testament were written in Greek, they could not have been written by the followers of Jesus. According to Ehrman, the Apostles of Jesus were not educated men who would have been able to write Greek. For this reason, Ehrman concludes that the four Gospels could not have been written by eyewitnesses, but were written by others much later who had not seen Jesus. Do you think that Jesus called 12 men to see what He had done so they could tell the whole world, but they could not write?
Jesus would not be the Messiah if He made these types of blunders. Jesus called simple men who were teachable and then taught them, showed them evidence He is God and Messiah, and then enabled them to remember, write, and distribute this news as scripture, to the whole world
There are several problems with Ehrman’s conclusions. First, and most important; the surviving manuscript copies for the four Gospel that we have in our possession today are copies of the original autographs, not the original writings. To assume that because the surviving manuscript copies we have today were written in Greek, therefore the original autographs were also written in Greek, is a conclusion that cannot possibly be proven. The entire hypothesis of Ehrman is based on this assumption.
We don’t know what language the original autographs were written, or who it was that may have assisted the Apostles in transcribing them. We don’t know that the Apostles were not able to write Greek. We don’t know that the original autographs were first written in Aramaic or Hebrew and later copied as Greek texts. In the third decade of the second century, Papias said: “Matthew gathered the sayings of Jesus in the Hebrew tongue, and each person translated them as he was able.”
I live in the world of evidence that is necessary to prove facts. I cannot state ideas that do not exist in the real world and expect anyone to believe me simply because I am a Biblical scholar. Every scholar must support their assertions and conclusions with facts.
Atheist Supposition Verses Actual Facts Of Evidence
The atheist must guess about what happened concerning the New Testament because they have no evidence to prove the Gospels were written late by non-eyewitnesses. Atheists don’t like the facts of the New Testament because it proves Jesus came to earth and did all that is described of Him in these texts. We who trust in Jesus do not have to guess what happened because we have actual evidence in the form of an enormous body of 24,593 surviving New Testament manuscripts to prove they are from the men who were there with Jesus. They come to us from very early in the first century and contain all the same texts that we have in our modern New Testament today.
This manuscript evidence means that we can read, study, and learn exactly what happened without conjecture. The men who were there with Jesus when these events took place, were commanded by Him to write their testimony and send it to the world. All throughout the New Testament we see places where these men tell us that Jesus said He would send the Holy Spirit to remind them what He had said and done. We see Jesus telling the Apostles that He called them to be His witnesses, “you will be my witnesses, telling people about me—everywhere—in Jerusalem, throughout Judea, in Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.”
This cannot be any clearer. There is tremendous evidence for us today, from these texts that Jesus intended that these men would write and tell the world as soon as Jesus ascended back to heaven and the Holy Spirit arrived 50 days later. It is pure fantasy that they didn’t write at all, or waited for decades.
There is no evidence that anonymous authors wrote a fake testimony about Jesus that is contained in our New Testament.
The facts, flow of events, recounting of over 400 Messianic prophecies that are intertwined throughout the entire New Testament, and the internal forensic evidence of how the text is constructed, make it impossible that it is a forged.
Imagine eight men writing 27 books with perfect symmetry with each other, all telling the same story about Jesus, and having the skill to insert every prophecy of the Messiah into this fake story so that it also fulfills the entire Old Testament. This is not possible, and certainly not believable.
The New Testament is a truthful narrative, written by honest men who saw and heard the events they recorded in the 27 books of the New Testament. This narrative is congruent with the 39 preceding books of the Old Testament. In order to believe that the New Testament is a fraud, we would also have to believe that the entire Old Testament is also a fraud.
If we accept the statements of liberal New Testament scholars today, claiming that the Gospels are contrived, we must also accept that the entire Old Testament is also a fraud. What is predicted by the old is fulfilled by the new. If the Prophecies of the Messiah are lies and the testimony that Jesus performed the miracles these prophets predicted are lies, we are facing the greatest global conspiracy in the history of the world.
This deception began 3,500 years ago and involves 40 authors, who penned 66 books. There is no possibility that men who had never met each other, conspired together to write a myth about a man called Jesus. The story of Jesus did not begin in the New Testament. It started in Genesis and continued throughout every book of the Old Testament. In order to really believe the New Testament is a fraud, this would demand that we also accept that the entire Old Testament is also a fraud, for they are both about the same person, the Messiah.
Every person can take great confidence today in the text of the New Testament that it is true and reliable and contains eyewitness testimony by the people who were there when the events happened, or they interviewed those who were there, and then wrote a record that we have today.
Categories: Anonymity of the Four Gospels, Bart Ehrman, How The NT Writers Remembered, New Testament Criticism, Robert Clifton Robinson, Secular sources for Jesus, The Historical Jesus, The Miracles of Jesus