The Big Bang and God

Long before scientists understood the origin and nature of the universe, the pages of the Bible accurately described its beginning. Several writers in the Old Testament scriptures correctly detail how the Cosmos came into being.

“…God, who stretched out the heavens like a curtain…” Psalms 104:2
“…He alone spreads out the heavens…” Job 9:8
“…The Lord who created the heavens and stretched them out… ” Isaiah 42:5
“…I am the Lord who makes all things, who stretches out the heavens all alone…” Isaiah 44:24
“…I have made the earth and created man on it. I—My hands—stretched out the heavens…” Isaiah 45:12
“…And you forget the Lord your Maker, who stretched out the heavens…” Isaiah 51:13
“…He has stretched out the heavens at His discretion…” Jeremiah 10:12
He has stretched out the heavens by His understanding…” Jeremiah 51:15
“…The Lord who stretches out the heavens, lays the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit of man within him…” Zechariah 12:1

The term “stretched out” is interesting because it is the correct scientific description for how the universe actually began. The Hebrew word, נָטָה nâṭâ;, is used here to portray what took place. “nata” means to spread out. This is in contrast to a sudden explosion which could not be described as an orderly spreading out of material.

Scientists describe the commencement of the universe as a sudden and rapid expansion of densely compacted material that originated time, space, and matter. Most of us are familiar with the explosion of a bomb. Material is ejected from the point of detonation in random directions. Material is concentrated in some areas, while being distributed sparsely in others. A unique characteristic of the universe is that all the material that exists in space, came by way of an even distribution of matter. At -430 seconds, the sudden expansion of material paused for a pico-second (one-trillionth of a second) and then restarted again, evenly distributing matter in every direction. Had this event not taken place, the material that exists in the universe would have been randomly  distributed in such a way that the creation of stars, planets, and galaxies would have been impossible.

So that life might be possible, carbon must be scattered into space in the form of dust during the explosion of a star and then formed into second or third generation star systems that will develop planets from this dust.[1] The Solar System in which the earth is located is one of these third-generation star systems. The Bible describes God as making man from “the dust of the ground.”

Scientists still do not have an accurate explanation for how this event took place. Many theories are postulated, but no definite answer exists today. We all understand that explosions do not stop and restart again. What massive force acted upon the universe at its beginning to cause the ceasing of its expansion and restart again to  “stretch out” all this material, evenly distributing it?

This phenomenon and singularity exists in science as a certain proof that intelligence acted upon the universe to exact a specific outcome: the ability of the universe to sustain life, much later. If the universe had not been “stretched out” at the beginning, no life would exist today. This is one of the primary attributes of design that is empirical in the nature of the universe.

Scientists also describe the distribution of matter at the beginning of the universe as “stretching out the universe,” rather than an explosion which is uncontrolled and uncertain. It is interesting that various writers of the Bible seem to have advanced knowledge for how the universe came into being. How could these ancient writers know the specific details of the universe, long before any scientists understood this event? What is incredible regarding the term “stretched out,” is that all of these writers understood the difference between an random explosion and a controlled and orderly distribution of matter. These writers could not have known at the time they penned these words that this important attribute of the universe at its beginning would be necessary to ensure that stars could form.

As the material of the universe began to move out from its initial expansion, this energy was unevenly distributed. At a point near the beginning, a short burst of energy called “inflation” caused the universe to increase in size enormously by 1025or ten trillion—trillion times its original size. Had all of the energy of the initial universe been evenly distributed, it would have been impossible for the existing matter to form galaxies in the future. Because the universe began with energy unevenly distributed, during the sudden increase in size—this inflation stretched away all of these irregularities, causing the even distribution of galaxies in all directions, which is observable today. Amazingly, this initial expansion appears to have been controlled in such a precise way that it allowed for just the right amount of irregularities to permit the clumping of matter into galaxies later on. Computer models show that the energy difference between the peaks and valleys of this density had to be close to 0.00001, or no galaxies would have been able to form. A rate slightly higher or lower, and the matter necessary to form galaxies, stars, and planets later would not have been possible. This is profound evidence of controlled design.[2]

Another phenomenon which affects the passage of time is the stretching of space. As previously mentioned—at the moment the Big Bang occurred, all that exists in the universe was compressed into a tiny particle of immense density. As the universe continued to expand hundreds of millions of years later, galaxies formed. As galaxies and stars formed, the distance between the galaxies also increased. Space—itself was stretching; and as space stretches out farther and farther, time is also stretching.[3] As the passage of time is affected by speed and gravity, time is also affected by the stretching of space. This amazing phenomenon of space being stretched—affects the passage of time from one moment to another, rather than from one place to another. It is interesting that God is described as “stretching out the heavens,” by the writers Isaiah, Jeremiah, Job, David, and Zechariah, who wrote these words over 2,600 years ago.

It is certain that there is more to the universe than a simple, naturalistic, explanation for its existence. It is impossible that all that we see could have come into existence by accident. The environment necessary for such a vast and incredible universe, requires more than science or physics to explain its origin. In all that scientists have learned about the Cosmos, they still cannot tell us how it came into being. For this, we need the words of the Bible; the reason and manner in which it exists originate in God. He created this vast expanse of stars, planets, and galaxies to display His power to us. As a magnificent artist creates an expanse of color and creation upon a canvas to display his prowess, so also has God publicly displayed His work for all to see. This is so that we might know great He is and the infinite love He has for us.

See also:

God Is Necessary For The Universe To Exist
Creation of the  Universe
The Universe as Evidence for God
An Impossible Universe: Evidence of Design

See Rob’s Book:A Universe From God.” Just .99 Cents now at Amazon

[1] [1] Whittet, D. C. B. (2003). Dust in the Galactic Environment. CRC Press. pp. 45–46. ISBN 0-7503-0624-6.
[2] From the book: “A Universe From God,” by Robert Clifton Robinson
[3] From a description at Wikipedia: “The metric expansion of space is the increase of the distance between two distant parts of the universe with time. It is an intrinsic expansion whereby the scale of space itself is changed. That is, a metric expansion is defined by an increase in distance between parts of the universe even without those parts “moving” anywhere. This is not the same as any usual concept of motion, or any kind of expansion of objects “outward” into other “preexisting” space, or any kind of explosion of matter which is commonly experienced on earth. Metric expansion is a key feature of Big Bang cosmology.”


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