If God exists, there would be evidence of His Being. The most logical and relevant evidence would be something that He has made. When we examine the origin, structure, and order of the universe, we find that it has a proper and significant representation of intelligence as the source of its existence.
The Anthropic constants which make life possible exist within a very narrow boundary. In order for life to be possible, there must be very fine-tuned physical constants and laws in place before life can exist on earth.
Think of these constants as an environment that you find when you come into a hotel room: The lights are on; temperature is balanced to make the room comfortable; a table is set with food ready to eat; a bedroom and shower already prepared for you.
What would be the chance that all of these desirable qualities were ready for you upon arrival unless someone prepared them ahead of time?
This is precisely what we find in the universe. All of the things necessary to make our existence on earth possible were prepared for us before the first man arrived on earth. They did not evolve over time, for they must all be present at once before a human being can live here. Everything we need to live was set for us before man began life on earth.
These are the Anthropic Constants which exist in the universe today and prove that life on earth was no accident.
The balance between electromagnetism and gravity cannot evolve in such a way that life may exist. This balance must be in place and precisely set before a human being can survive.
We may not be able to see God, but we have all certainly seen what He has done. Our world was fashioned for us by an extremely precise and intelligent power of unlimited intelligence.
If God exists, this Being would be antecedent all other things. He could not have a beginning or a God before Him because this would make Him less than the God who created Him. In order for God to exist, He must be first, eternal, perfect, and unlimited.
God: His Eternality
The importance of God’s eternality is closely linked to His nature. Understanding how God could exist forever with no beginning is irrelevant to our comprehension of what this attribute means to God’s identity. The only barrier to understanding that God has always existed is a fundamental acceptance of this as fact. It matters not that we can comprehend how this is true, only that it is.
It is impossible for transient beings who live for less than 120 years to comprehend a transcendent Being who lives forever. Even if God were to try and explain how He has existed forever, we would likely not understand Him. At the same time, we seem to understand that death is unnatural for us and that somehow we should live forever.
The reason that we cannot understand how God has no beginning or end is because we have never seen anything on earth that is comparable to eternity. All we know is that people and things come into existence and go away after a time.
The Essence we are describing is non-finite, non-contingent, existing as a non-material, Eternal Spirit-Being. Laws such as causality are meaningless since this Entity does not exist contingent upon any other cause.
Who Created God?
The atheists asks, the question, “Who created God?,” assuming that His existence necessitated a cause. This is a fundamental error that atheists make in their inability to perceive God. They imagine that God must be created. Those who do believe in God do not believe in a God who came into existence at some point in time. In this manner, Christians also do not believe in the kind of God that the atheists do not believe in.
The God who is described by the Bible had no beginning. This is the God we are describing here.
The fallacy of insisting that God must have a creator Himself runs an illogical circle of never-ending gods who were each made by a god before them.
In Order For One Who Is Truly God To Exist, He Must Be Singular And Uncreated
Let us consider this premise: The term “God” is defined as a Being who is perfect in every regard. Any being who is not perfect would not be God, with a big “G” he would simply be one god amongst many imperfect gods, little “g.”
The exclusive example of God existing as more than one is found in the Bible. The Biblical God is a compound unity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit; meaning that three persons are all described as one God. The Hebrew name for God אֱלֹהִים ’ lôhîym (Elohim) is plural, a unity of Three.
Perfect Unity is the only way that three Beings who are perfect could be understood. Only if these three were in complete unity of mind, will, and purpose could they function as one God. It would be impossible for several Beings to exist as separate Gods. Their lack of unity would define them as less than perfect, therefore not God.
A part of perfection is unity. Unity is defined as “the state of being united or joined as a whole.” In mathematics, unity is defined by the number one therefore, three persons who are perfect must exist in perfect unity as one. For this reason, the true God must be singular.
Since there can only be one God (big G), this first premise requires that He must be perfect in every regard, incapable of error. If God were able to commit error, He would not be perfect, and therefore he could not be God.
Since God is perfect, He must also be eternal. For no created being, who came into existence at some point in time by the work of one who existed before him, could be perfect since he has relied upon one before him for his existence. The fact that a god could be created removes the certainty that he is perfect—lacking the ability to exist before and apart from all other things.
In this regard, any created being could not be God (big G).
When atheists ask the question, “who created God?”, they are implying that the kind of God they are thinking of is a created God. In this regard, this kind of being is a logical impossibility.
The fact that a created god requires one before him for his existence would define his creator as greater than the one he has made. If we continue to follow all of these created gods back to their source, we never arrive at one who is the original and the source of all others.
If, however, God can be defined as singular, with no beginning, having no creator and being eternal—this God would be perfect and would fulfill the true definition of God.
This is precisely the definition of the God who is revealed in the pages of the Bible.
“You are My witnesses,” says the LORD, “And My servant whom I have chosen, That you may know and believe Me, And understand that I am He. Before Me there was no God formed, Nor shall there be after Me. —Isaiah 43:10
…Is there a God besides Me? Indeed there is no other Rock; I know not one. —Isaiah 44:8
Before the mountains were brought forth, Or ever You had formed the earth and the world, Even from everlasting to everlasting, You are God. —Psalms 90:2
By the word of the LORD the heavens were made, And all the host of them by the breath of His mouth. Psalms 33:6
The God of the Bible is eternal, has no beginning, and was not formed by any god before Him. He simply exists and always has. This God is perfect, knows all things, is unlimited, and does not require a cause for His existence.
By His perfection and eternality, this God is superior to all other gods and religions of the world.
God: His Perfection
Perfection is one attribute of God’s nature that tells us many important truths. First among these is the fact that God cannot do anything that is imperfect. If God were capable of imperfection, He would not be God. What conveys God His exalted position as God above all gods is that He exists—perfect in every way.
When we consider what this means, we understand that God must be perfectly good, all of the time. He can do no evil, nor can He dwell with evil.
The Problems Of Evil, Suffering, and Death
If we imagine that God is responsible for the evil that is in the world or that sickness, suffering or death are caused by Him or, at least, permitted by Him, we have misunderstood who God is.
The fact that evil, sickness, suffering, and death are present on earth tells us that something happened outside of God that has caused this to take place.
When we study the Bible, we are made aware that these travesties of human life came into the world as a result of sin, not by command or the will of God. It was the purpose of God that people live in a perfect world where they would never die. He made the world for us and gave only one law: do not partake of the knowledge of good and evil. Remain pure and innocent, and by your obedience to God’s command you show your true love and trust in what He says.
Adam was a creature of resplendent beauty. He was far wiser than any man after him. He commanded the earth and all its physical laws and creatures. God gave Adam dominion over the whole earth and no creature was above or greater than he. Adam was not deceived as Eve; he willingly disobeyed God’s command and caused the fall of all humans after him.
If God Is Love, Why Does Suffering and Death Exist?
The evil and suffering we see on earth was caused by the fall of man and the presence of sin.
We might wonder why God has not done anything about these problem of evil and suffering?
The fact is, He has.
Before God created the universe, He knew that mankind would fall into sin and be lost. Jesus offered His life for the world before the universe existed. He is Called “the Lamb slain before the foundation of the world” (Revelation 13:8).
Immediately after Adam’s fall, in Genesis 3:15, God promised a Savior who would come into the world and make salvation possible.
God fulfilled this promise when Jesus arrived, died for us, and rose again. This was the first arrival of Jesus—for salvation. He will come a second time for judgment.
The entire purpose of Jesus coming to earth as God in the form of a man, the first time, was to pay the debt we owe for our sins and make salvation possible for anyone who would believe.
He plans to return a second time to finally end evil, suffering, sickness, and death.
A part of salvation that occurred after Jesus’ death on the cross was to break the power of sickness, suffering, and death. At the cross Jesus took the curse that now exists on earth which causes these things, because of sin, and encompass it into His Being.
For God made Jesus who knew no sin to be sin for us, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him. ~2 Corinthians 5:21 (RCR)
Instead of punishing us for our sins, God punished His Son. In doing this, God had a just reason to acquit us from our guilt, since the sins of every person were paid by Jesus. Anyone can partake of this salvation by a genuine sorrow for their sins, a desire for salvation, and a turning to Jesus as their Savior.
Why do we still see sickness, suffering, and death if Jesus’ death defeated these things? Remember that God’s plan has two parts: The first arrival of Jesus is for salvation; He will come a second time for judgment when sin, suffering, and death will be judged and removed.
Part One: Jesus comes to suffer and die for our sins. He dies on the cross and takes the punishment we deserve. His death and resurrection defeat sin and death although they will remain on earth until He comes again.
Between the two arrivals of Jesus, God institutes a time of His grace when anyone—regardless of who they are or what they have done—can receive the forgiveness of their sins.
This time of grace has lasted for nearly 2,000 years.
Part Two: Jesus will come again as a victorious and reigning King. At that time sin, suffering, and death will be removed from the earth. When Jesus returns, no one will ever grow old, get sick, suffer, or die again. Sin and evil will be banished from the earth forever.
Today, we are living during a time of Grace when God is exercising mercy and patience in giving people time to hear what Jesus has done, turn from their sins, and receive the salvation Jesus died to make possible.
For the time being, God is being patient and giving the world an opportunity. This is the reason we are here and the primary purpose of our existence, salvation.
When this period of Grace is at an end, Jesus will come again to judge the world.
First, God offered salvation to the Jews and they refused their Messiah. God then offered salvation to the whole world and He waits for our answer. Many millions have accepted, many more have time to decide while they are still alive.
The decision we make either to believe and accept, or refuse God’s offer through what Jesus has done, is sealed at our death. After death there is no chance of salvation.
And as it is appointed for men to die once, but after this the judgment ~Hebrews 9:27
We see this principle of God’s patience demonstrated in the Old Testament. God warned the Canaanites to cease their worship of the demon god, Molech. These people offered their newborn babies on the fiery hot arms of Molech and burned them to death in worship of him.
For over 900 years, God warned the Canaanites and He waited. When the time He allowed for their decision to repent expired, God’s patience ended and judgment fell.
This Is Our Time To Decide
We are living during a time when anyone can be saved, regardless of who they are or what they have done. There is a time appointed for earth and all human beings when God will end His patience and judgement will fall.
According to the Bible, we may be nearing that final day. The final signal that we were in the last days was when the Jews returned to their own land again after being disbursed for the past 2,000 years. God said that when we see Israel blossom and bud forth as a nation once again, the return of Jesus is near (Matthew 24:32).
When Jesus returns to earth the second time as the Old Testament prophets predicted, He will bring His perfect and righteous kingdom with Him. From the first day of Jesus’ arrival, evil, suffering, sickness, and death will end.
The question of evil and suffering in the world will be answered as we see God remove these scourges from the earth forever.
We should remember that this is the world that mankind asked for. The first man made it clear to God that He did not want God to rule over this world. The evil, suffering, and death that we see are all a result of this decision. Every day each one of us make our own decision to either submit our lives to God’s rule, or reject Him and live our own way. As long as the world chooses to live without God, little children will continue to get cancer and die. Evil will continue all over our planet and people will all die.
Suffering and death were not the will of God but are the result of man exercising his right to choose the life he wanted. God is good, kind, and sovereign, but He offers mankind a choice. He doesn’t want a world filled with people who submit to Him outwardly while their hearts are in rebellion. He wants a world filled with people who genuinely love Him and want to live under His love and righteous rule.
If we think about this, these are the very things we also desire for our own lives. We don’t want people to love us because we force them, but willingly because they love us.
God’s plan has been in effect since the universe began and it continues today. Soon all the suffering of the world will be at an end, and the people who love God and want to live under His rule will have their desire. The world will be perfect in every way, and no one will ever suffer or die again.
The entire purpose of God in this world is to return mankind to its original creation. He accomplishes this by first redeeming what was lost.
The penalty for sin is death and separation from God. The free gift of God is forgiveness of sin by the death of Jesus and His resurrection that made our own resurrection from the dead possible.
God is just, and when He said that the soul who sins will die, He was certain to do what He said. It was by punishing His Son instead of us that sin’s curse was atoned for and all who believe this are set free from the power of sin and death forever.
For the time being, all creation waits for God as He waits for people to decide what they will do with their sin and guilt. We are all given one life to decide whether we will believe what God said and take His Son as our Savior, or reject Him.
If we fail to place ourselves under the provision of His Grace, we assign ourselves to an impossible situation. Without the removal of our sins by Christ’s blood, we will stand before God and give an account for our life. With no other provision remaining, all those who have rejected the perfection of Jesus’ sacrifice receive their desire: separation from God forever.
The perfection of God demands perfection of His creation. He made us perfect in every way and He has no toleration for sin. The greatest failure of man is to not understand the Holiness of God and His absolute demand for moral perfection. If we could understand God’s perfection that is described by the word “Holiness,” then we could comprehend why our own holiness is so important to Him.
The Perfection Of Jesus
Despite His sinless perfection, Jesus looked like any other man. He had no special features or stature that would distinguish Him as God. Isaiah said that He was unremarkable in His appearance.
There was nothing beautiful or majestic about his appearance, nothing to attract us to him. Isaiah 53:2 (NLT)
It was only when Jesus spoke or acted, that it was immediately apparent that He was not a normal human being.
And suddenly a great tempest arose on the sea, so that the boat was covered with the waves. But Jesus was asleep. Then His disciples came to Him and awoke Him, saying, “Lord, save us! We are perishing!” But He said to them, “Why are you fearful, O you of little faith?” Then He arose and rebuked the winds and the sea, and there was a great calm. So the men marveled, saying, “Who can this be, that even the winds and the sea obey Him?” Matthew 8:24-27
When Jesus taught, people were astonished:
When He had come to His own country, He taught them in their synagogue, so that they were astonished and said, “Where did this Man get this wisdom and these mighty works?” ~Matthew 13:54
When Jesus spoke, people marveled at His gracious words:
So all bore witness to Him, and marveled at the gracious words which proceeded out of His mouth. ~Luke 4:22
The people were amazed when Jesus forgave sins, as only God has this right:
And those who sat at the table with Him began to say to themselves, “Who is this who even forgives sins?” ~Luke 7:49
The Temple guards were in awe over the manner in which Jesus spoke:
The officers answered, “No man ever spoke like this Man!” ~John 7:46
Peter rightly identified Jesus as the Christ, the Messiah, the Son of God:
Simon Peter answered and said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” ~Matthew 16:16
Even the demons identify Jesus as the Christ, the Son of God:
And demons also came out of many, crying out and saying, “You are the Christ, the Son of God!” ~Luke 4:41
Every word, every deed—all of His life, Jesus was truly good. He came to earth and offered His life for our sins. He allowed evil men to beat and crucify Him because He alone is good. The great God of the universe came to earth and proved His existence to us—by the presence of Jesus of Nazareth.
Born Perfect, Lived Perfect
Although Jesus came to us from eternity, He also came to earth as a man. Existing forever in Spirit, Jesus had no permanent body. In order for God to be able to save all mankind, it was necessary for Him to become one of us.
Because God’s children are human beings—made of flesh and blood—the Son also became flesh and blood. For only as a human being could he die, and only by dying could he break the power of the devil, who had the power of death. Only in this way could he set free all who have lived their lives as slaves to the fear of dying. ~Hebrews 2:14-15 (NLT)
As the second Adam, Jesus was born without sin, conceived by the Holy Spirit in the body of a virgin. Because Jesus did not possess a sin nature as do all those who are descended from Adam, and because He was able to live His entire life without sin, Jesus was qualified to be our Savior. If Jesus had sinned even once during His thirty-three years, He would have been disqualified as our Savior. See the chapter, “Sinless God.”
On the afternoon that Jesus was crucified, there were two criminals on either side who were also dying. These men had made such a mess of their lives, that they were about to pay for their crimes. This was not true of Jesus. The testimony of all those who had known Him intimately for many years is that He had never sinned.
(Paul) For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin. ~Hebrews 4:15
(Peter) but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot. ~1 Peter 1:19
There is not a single reference in the Bible where Jesus is said to have committed a sin. When Pilate came face to face with Jesus, his observation and judgment was: I find no fault in Him.
So Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowd, “I find no fault in this Man.” ~Luke 23:4
In order for anyone to accuse Jesus of sin, their accusations would have to be contrived. It is said that when the Jews were seeking to convict Jesus of crimes serious enough to put Him to death, they went looking for false testimony of His guilt.
Now the chief priests, the elders, and all the council sought false testimony against Jesus to put Him to death, but found none. Even though many false witnesses came forward, they found none. But at last two false witnesses came forward and said, “This fellow said, ‘I am able to destroy the temple of God and to build it in three days.’ ” ~Matthew 26:59
In order to place blame on Jesus which would necessitate His death, people had to lie about Him.
Many of those who observed the accusations against Jesus, believed Him to be guilty by the false testimony of those who sought His death. They were led to believe that Jesus had committed crimes worthy of death because the religious leaders of Israel had said that He was guilty.
Today, people make the same fatal error in their evaluation of Jesus. They accept the testimony of others about who Jesus is, rather than doing the important work of investigation for themselves.
Isaiah prophesied that when the Messiah would be put to death, those who observed His punishment would believe that He was being punished by God for His own evil deeds.
…Yet we esteemed Him stricken, Smitten by God, and afflicted.
In the prophecy of Isaiah describing the atoning work of the Messiah, He will complete His work and make the reality of salvation possible for every person who will believe and personally appropriate this principle to their own life. Jesus came as the fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecies of the Messiah, to take the body that was prepared for Him from the foundation of the world and make one perfect sacrifice for us.
Therefore, when He came into the world, He said: “Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, But a body You have prepared for Me. In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You had no pleasure. Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come—In the volume of the book it is written of Me— To do Your will, O God.’ ”
Previously saying, “Sacrifice and offering, burnt offerings, and offerings for sin You did not desire, nor had pleasure in them” (which are offered according to the law), then He said, “Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God.” He takes away the first that He may establish the second. By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. ~Hebrews 10:5
The text of this verse from Hebrews chapter 10 is truly amazing. When we consider these are the words of the Messiah who is describing the body of a human being that will be prepared for Him to be offered for the sins of the world, we are stunned.
As Jesus arrives in Bethlehem, He takes the flesh of a human being—the body that is spoken of, in Hebrews 10:5 and begins to live His life as a man.
He must learn to walk, talk, and experience all of the difficulties that every other person will go through in their life. He must remain perfect and without sin for His entire life, or He cannot be the One to whom all of the Old Testament prophecies speak of.
No sacrifice was permitted in the Old Testament when the animal had a defect. The Passover Lamb had to be perfect, just as the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world must also be perfect and without sin.
Jesus met all of the requirements for the substitutionary death of the guilty; therefore, He was allowed to offer His life for all human beings. By successfully completing the plan of salvation for all people, Jesus fully vindicated God and showed all creation that God is Loving, Merciful, and Just.
God must be perfect, and we see this perfection in Jesus. This is one of the many reasons that only Jesus is God and qualified to be the Savior of the world, while all other gods and religions are substandard to Jesus and do not meet the strict requirements necessary to save anyone.
These unique qualities will become clear to you as we go through the balance of this book together.
Categories: Atheists, Common objections by Atheists, Empirical Evidence for God, God is Eternal, God is Singular, Jesus is God, Robert Clifton Robinson, The Creation of the Universe, Three Persons One God, Transcendent Knowledge, Why evil exists, Why God Allows Evil, Why Jesus Is God And Others Are Not