10 Questions Every Atheist Must Answer

In over 43 years of interviewing atheists regarding their knowledge of science to support the idea that God does not exist, I have consistently found that they are lacking in accurate knowledge of the true facts.

The basic nature of the universe, earth, and human life, cannot be explained by any naturalistic process. Once a person understands the complexities of these things it becomes clear that only an infinitely intelligent Being would be capable of engineering and orchestrating this magnificent universe and human life.

  1. Since time, space, and matter did not exist before the universe began, where did these things come from to make the universe?
  2. Since there were no physical laws before the universe, what force controlled the universe to exact a specific outcome to allow for life? Gravity, electromagnetism, entropy, and the distribution of matter, all require precise control at the beginning or the universe would have collapsed back upon itself. If not God, and seeing that the laws of physics did not exist, what force acted upon these imperative forces to cause then to be set precisely where they needed to be to sustain life, 13.7 billion years later?
  3. The universe began with an extreme low state of entropy. Mathematical Physicists, Sir Roger Penrose said that the only possibility that this could have taken place is if an intelligence acted upon the expansion to cause a low state of entropy. Given the conditions that were present at the commencement of the universe, scientists would have expected a very high state of entropy. How is this possible if the universe evolved on its own?
  4. The ratio between gravity and electromagnetism during the first picosecond of the universe was precisely set. If this balance was increased by only 1 part in 1040, there would never have been life on earth 13.7 billion years later. Cosmologist Paul Davies determined by calculation that a 1-in-1040 chance is equal to shooting and hitting a coin from Earth, at the far side of the universe. No natural or evolutionary force could cause this to take place, what caused this extreme low state of entropy, if not an infinite intelligence?
  5. The mass difference between a proton and an electron is 1:1836. This means that the proton is precisely 1,836 times larger than an electron. Despite this difference in size, both have the exact same electric charge. If we were to alter this electric charge by one part in 100 billion, every atom in the universe would self destruct. Since this mass/electric charge could not evolve, it must be precisely set first before life can begin. How could an evolutionary process achieve this precise ratio the first time?
  6. Our universe contains the precise physical constants that have the exact values that are required to allow for complex structures, such as galaxies, stars, planets, and people to exist. There are over 122 of these anthropic constants. How did evolution dial these constants in to the precise settings necessary for life and sustain them for 9 billion years, until the earth was formed? Evolution cannot produce precise settings all at once, yet all 122 of these constants had to be in place at the same time, before life could begin. Explain how this happened if not by an infinite intelligence?
  7. Despite several failed attempts, no scientist has ever been able to prove that life comes from anything except other life. Animals, plants, all organisms, all life comes from their own kind. In the only case of a claimed spontaneous generation of life, Louis Pasteur proved that this experiment was a hoax. By scientific evidence, Pasteur proved that life only comes from life which existed previously.There have never been any provable exceptions to this basic law of life. Not long after Darwin published his Origin of Species in 1859, Louis Pasteur challenged the idea of spontaneous generation. This hypothesis is the very foundation of evolution as the origin of life. Dr. Pasteur’s simple but elegant “swan-necked flask” experiments impeached the idea of organic life as originating from a non-life assertion. Since it is not possible for evolution to produce the first life, what process cause life to begin, if not God?
  8. The only evolutionary process that has been proven by scientists is that certain species—when placed in harsh environments—have the ability to adapt themselves by certain changes that permit their continued survival. This type of limited evolutionary processes is assumed as evidence that greater evolutionary processes are also possible. What is falsely insinuated is that man could have evolved from the ape species. To the present day (2018), no scientific proof has ever been presented which would validate that man could have evolved from the ape species. No intermediate species have been discovered in the fossil record, though several fraudulent examples have been presented.The idea that all life forms originated from a common ancestor has no scientific evidence to prove that this has actually taken place, other than the limited evolution of certain species for the purpose of adaptation. The creatures, plants, and organisms that exist on earth, all follow a predetermined course for their existence that is fixed and unchangeable.Every animal appeared on earth fully formed as they now exist, and only under certain rare circumstances has any animal or plant changed slightly for the purpose of adaptation. There is no evidence that any species has evolved itself into a completely new species outside their original species. Since evolution of species has been scientifically disproven, how did life originate if not from God?
  9. When we think of evolution of the species in the sense of apes becoming man, this type of evolution has never presented evidence that would lead us to scientifically validate this kind of massive changes in evolution. Biology is based on taxonomy (classifications of species). This is the reason we see plants and animals with different scientific names. A species that occurs within an existing species because of adaptability is quite common. This new species within a species is not the same as evolution in the sense of creating a different animal or distinct kinds of organisms.

    When different species attempt to produce fertile offspring by breeding, the resulting offspring are always sterile. When donkeys and horses breed, the result is a mule which cannot reproduce itself. This is due to the massive differences between donkeys and horses in their DNA as distinct species.

    The difficulty in accomplishing the same outcome between apes and humans is not only difficult, it is impossible. Although attempts have been made several times to impregnate a female ape with a human sperm in order to produce a hybrid ape-man, this procedure has limits that are impossible to overcome. This is due to the impossible conflict that exists between the incompatibility of human and ape chromosomes and the genetic instructions necessary to create a hybrid.

    Chimpanzees and human beings sharing 95% of their DNA sequence and about 99% of their coding DNA sequences. Because of this close proximity in these two, many have assumed that the boundaries are not impossible to cross.

    One of the biggest obstacles in creating an ape-human hybrid is that humans have 46 chromosomes and apes have 48. Even in the event that a zygote should form, this difference in chromosomes will not permit the chromosomes to pair together correctly in order to cause pregnancy.

    Finally, there is at least a 40 million base pair difference between the code of apes and humans that further make the chance of creating a living missing link impossible.

    Chromosomes alone are not the key in this regard. The genetic code that is necessary to instruct cells on how to form living tissue, organs, and body parts is the key to making it possible for an ape and human to produce offspring. The genetic code for an ape is lacking 40 million characters.

    Making human and ape genetic code compatible is a bit like trying to use the operating system of an iPhone to run a nuclear submarine. The genetic code of an ape is lacking the key instructions necessary to make a viable being between ape and human. This has never happened before, and it never will happen. Understanding these things, how could an advanced life form such as man, exist at all if not by the creation of an infinite Being?

  10. The Bible presents us with scientific facts of the universe—precisely as they have existed since the beginning of the Cosmos.

    ♦ In the beginning there was nothing, when suddenly, the universe came into existence (Genesis 1:1).

     ♦ Time, Space, and Matter came into existence at the same precise moment (Genesis 1:1).

     ♦ The number of stars in the universe are so great in number, they cannot be counted (Jeremiah 33:22).

     ♦ The Sun follows a circular course through the universe (Psalms 19:4-6).

     ♦ The Earth is a sphere (Isaiah 40:22).

     ♦ The Earth hangs in empty space, suspended by gravity (Job 26:7).

     ♦ All matter in the universe is made up of invisible material, consisting of Atoms (Hebrews 11:3).

     ♦ The invisible physiology and function of the human body, understood by God before medicine knew these things (Genesis 17:12).

    No other religion or god of this world has ever conveyed through the writings of their scriptures such detailed knowledge of the universe, prior to the scientific discovery of these facts. How is it that the God of the Bible knew all of this scientific information about the universe, earth, and the physical nature of man, hundreds of years before science discovered these things?




Categories: 10 Lists, Atheists, Common objections by Atheists, Empirical Evidence for God, Evolution of Species, Jesus is God, Origin of the Universe, Physical Constants, Robert Clifton Robinson, Salvation is a free gift, Science and the Bible, Scientists Who Believe in God, Special Evolution, The Creation of the Universe, The earth is the Lord's, We must repent, What happens after death?

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1 reply

  1. The following comments were made by atheist, John M. Kowalski · Camas, Washington at the following link:

    http://www.columbian.com/news/2018/mar/10/letter-embrace-christian-ideology/?fb_comment_id=fbc_1379386608832833_1379890072115820_1379890072115820#f15a7d84dd9e7bc

    Due to the size of my response, necessary to answer John’s questions, I had to post my comments here. The site where these questions were originally posted has a 5,000 character limit.

    JOHN’S ORIGINAL COMMENTS IN RESPONSE TO MY ARTICLE, START HERE:

    Rob Robinson First, “every atheist” doesn’t have to answer *any* of your questions. It does indicate that you might benefit perhaps exercising some greater degree of respect for atheists.

    However, given what you’ve written…

    “Since time, space, and matter did not exist before the universe began, where did these things come from to make the universe?”

    There *is* no “before the unvierse began.” And we have evidence of particles spontaneously appearing and disappearing, so *that* gap is gone.

    Ditto for your second question.

    For #3, it’s a (falacious) argument from authority: normal physicists don’t get metaphysical; as far as the laws of physics and the universe are concerned, there is no “from.”

    #4: It’s another “question” that indicates an ignorance of probability theory: the basis of the question seems to assume – in the absence of a unified theory of physics – that there would exist a probabilistic nature of fundamental forces, but there is no evidence for this.

    #5: Evolutionary biology does not make predictions about the nature of electromagnetic forces. Please learn some science.

    #6: Same answer as 5, but with anthropocentrism, which I’m sure is a big hit amongst life forms in the Andromeda galaxy.

    #7: Go actually read a book on evolutionary biology that’s not written by a fundamentalist.

    #8 & #9: Ditto for number 7. Start with Richard Dawkins’ “The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution” If you are so ignorant of evolutionary biology that you are ignorant of early examples the Homo and Australopithecus genuses as well as the Hominidae family, you really don’t deserve a response.

    #10. Nope. Go see Inherit the Wind and get back to us.

    THE FOLLOWING IS MY RESPONSE TO JOHN’S REBUTTAL::

    John M. Kowalski

    YOUR RESPONSE TO QUESTION 1:

    Rob Robinson First, “every atheist” doesn’t have to answer *any* of your questions. It does indicate that you might benefit perhaps exercising some greater degree of respect for atheists.

    However, given what you’ve written…

    “Since time, space, and matter did not exist before the universe began, where did these things come from to make the universe?”

    There *is* no “before the unvierse began.” And we have evidence of particles spontaneously appearing and disappearing, so *that* gap is gone.

    My ANSWER:

    There is no evidence that anything existed before the universe began, not even “particles” which would be impossible given that there was no space for particles to exist. Last Week, Stephen Hawking confirmed this fact.

    Since there was nothing before the universe, and after a near infinite duration when nothing existed, why did time, space, and matter suddenly begin? Where did the matter to make the universe come from since we know today that there was no matter to make anything, no space to place matter in, and no time to mark its duration.

    How could non-existent matter suddenly pop into existence and compress all the material of the current universe, into a tiny super-compressed particle, expanding under an extreme state of entropy, precisely controlled to exact a specific outcome to make life possible on earth, 9 billion years later?

    During the first picosecond of the universe there were no physical laws to govern how the universe would begin, yet it commenced perfectly by an unknown power that also created Anthropic Constants so precisely tuned to specific settings that life could not exist without them.

    No evolutionary process can produce physical constants by time and random acts, as they must be perfectly set at their start of life will not be possible. This single attribute of the universe has no logical defects and proves the universe was caused.

    YOUR RESPONSE TO QUESTION 2:

    Ditto for your second question.

    MY ANSWER:

    You do not understand the things your dispute as the universe bears evidence of its origin by the things that are presented to us by the evidence of science.

    ORIGINAL QUESTION 3: Since there were no physical laws before the universe, what force controlled the universe to exact a specific outcome to allow for life? Gravity, electromagnetism, entropy, and the distribution of matter, all require precise control at the beginning or the universe would have collapsed back upon itself. If not God, and seeing that the laws of physics did not exist, what force acted upon these imperative forces to cause then to be set precisely where they needed to be to sustain life, 13.7 billion years later?

    YOUR RESPONSE TO QUESTION 3:

    For #3, it’s a (falacious) argument from authority: normal physicists don’t get metaphysical; as far as the laws of physics and the universe are concerned, there is no “from.”

    MY ANSWER:

    ORIGINAL QUESTION 3: The universe began with an extreme low state of entropy. Mathematical Physicists, Sir Roger Penrose said that the only possibility that this could have taken place is if an intelligence acted upon the expansion to cause a low state of entropy. Given the conditions that were present at the commencement of the universe, scientists would have expected a very high state of entropy. How is this possible if the universe evolved on its own?

    I never spoke of a metaphysical origin for the universe, but one of extraterrestrial origin by a A non-contingent, non-material, eternal and unlimited Spirit Being.

    What is certain is that no natural process caused a universe to begin which had no prior time, space, or matter. Your idea of a spontaneous universe from nothing is more mystical than an intelligent Being who possesses infinite capabilities and caused it to exist.

    The fact of an extreme low state of entropy at ehe commencement of the universe is one of the greatest proofs for an intelligent intervention during this process. Scientists were awestruck when they discovered this attribute since the universe should have begun with a very high degree of entropy. The problem is that in a high state of entropy, life would never have been possible later, as both large and small structures in stars would not have formed. Second generation stars are imperative for the production of carbon, from where man was created.

    Certainly you are of the camp that believe that there are advanced civilizations on other planets who are billions of years more advanced than humans, who have capabilities of life extension or perhaps even the power of creation. Why then can you not believe in a Being who has been alive forever and is unlimited in knowledge and power. Perhaps it is only that He makes demands upon you to repent of your sins and live morally perfectly as He created us, or you will experience His judgment, that is so offensive you cannot accept the idea of this Being?

    YOUR RESPONSE TO QUESTION 4:

    #4: It’s another “question” that indicates an ignorance of probability theory: the basis of the question seems to assume – in the absence of a unified theory of physics – that there would exist a probabilistic nature of fundamental forces, but there is no evidence for this.

    MY ANSWER:

    This was the question, and you did not answer it but made a common dodge, irrelevant to the problem.:

    ORIGINAL QUESTION 4: The ratio between gravity and electromagnetism during the first picosecond of the universe was precisely set. If this balance was increased by only 1 part in 1040, there would never have been life on earth 13.7 billion years later. Cosmologist Paul Davies determined by calculation that a 1-in-1040 chance is equal to shooting and hitting a coin from Earth, at the far side of the universe. No natural or evolutionary force could cause this to take place, what caused this extreme low state of entropy, if not an infinite intelligence?

    If we find a universe which exists by parameters impossible by natural forces, and impossible to create itself, the only logical alternative is that the universe exists because it was caused. The only cause capable of such a feat of engineering prowess is a Being who is infinitely unlimited in wisdom and power. This is the Being described by the Bible.

    The 1-in-10^40 chance that we could find a naturally occurring universe with a perfect balance of gravity and electromagnetism at its commencement, is a scientific and mathematical indication that our universe did not evolve but was created. This fact cannot be dodged by your philosophical argument which present no evidence in rebuttal.

    YOUR RESPONSE TO QUESTION 5:

    #5: Evolutionary biology does not make predictions about the nature of electromagnetic forces. Please learn some science.

    MY ANSWER:

    Question 5 is not about evolutionary biology but the basic structure of every atom in the universe which exists by a singular phenomenon that defines it as impossible by any evolutionary process.

    ORIGINAL QUESTION 5: The mass difference between a proton and an electron is 1:1836. This means that the proton is precisely 1,836 times larger than an electron. Despite this difference in size, both have the exact same electric charge. If we were to alter this electric charge by one part in 100 billion, every atom in the universe would self destruct. Since this mass/electric charge could not evolve, it must be precisely set first before life can begin. How could an evolutionary process achieve this precise ratio the first time?

    The fact that the universe began with a precise balance between the mass of an electron and proton, thought they differ in size by 1,838 percent, yet retain the precise same electric charge is scientific proof that this did not occur by random chance or great expanse of time. This balance was achieved immediately and precisely at the commencement of the universe, not by billions of years as is required by evolution. The only way this is possible is if it was purposely set by and intelligence who understood that only by this fine balance could life exist on earth much later,

    YOUR RESPONSE TO QUESTION 6:

    #6: Same answer as 5, but with anthropocentrism, which I’m sure is a big hit amongst life forms in the Andromeda galaxy.

    MY ANSWER:

    Not anthropocentrism, but Anthropic Constants, they are not the same.

    ORIGINAL QUESTION 6: Our universe contains the precise physical constants that have the exact values that are required to allow for complex structures, such as galaxies, stars, planets, and people to exist. There are over 122 of these anthropic constants. How did evolution dial these constants in to the precise settings necessary for life and sustain them for 9 billion years, until the earth was formed? Evolution cannot produce precise settings all at once, yet all 122 of these constants had to be in place at the same time, before life could begin. Explain how this happened if not by an infinite intelligence?

    The Anthropic Constants which determine the course of our universe in its allowance for life, is the only explanation for the reason life is possible on earth that is based on scientific facts, not theoretical models as you suppose.

    1. The universe as we know it, cannot be explained by natural forces.
    2. The finely-tuned universe, as empirical proof for the existence of God, has no formal logical defects.
    3. The only current explanation for the existence of the universe—which can be tested and verified is the finely-tuned and designed evidence of the universe.
    4. Our universe contains the precise physical constants that have the exact values that are required to allow for complex structures, such as galaxies, stars, planets, and people to exist.

    YOUR RESPONSE TO QUESTION 7:

    #7: Go actually read a book on evolutionary biology that’s not written by a fundamentalist.

    MY RESPONSE:

    ORIGINAL QUESTION 7: Despite several failed attempts, no scientist has ever been able to prove that life comes from anything except other life. Animals, plants, all organisms, all life comes from their own kind. In the only case of a claimed spontaneous generation of life, Louis Pasteur proved that this experiment was a hoax. By scientific evidence, Pasteur proved that life only comes from life which existed previously.There have never been any provable exceptions to this basic law of life. Not long after Darwin published his Origin of Species in 1859, Louis Pasteur challenged the idea of spontaneous generation. This hypothesis is the very foundation of evolution as the origin of life. Dr. Pasteur’s simple but elegant “swan-necked flask” experiments impeached the idea of organic life as originating from a non-life assertion. Since it is not possible for evolution to produce the first life, what process cause life to begin, if not God?

    The term “evolutionary biology,” is an oxymoron in proving the origin of life by spontaneous generation. This idea was refuted by science over 100 years ago and proven impossible. The facts of science and biology prove that life only comes from life.

    You did not answer the question which asks for proof that life can spontaneously generate itself, but dodged the question entirely.

    Provide one example where life has been proven to spontaneously generate from no preexisting life.

    YOUR RESPONSE TO QUESTIONS 8 AND 9:

    #8 & #9: Ditto for number 7. Start with Richard Dawkins’ “The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution” If you are so ignorant of evolutionary biology that you are ignorant of early examples the Homo and Australopithecus genuses as well as the Hominidae family, you really don’t deserve a response.

    MY RESPONSE:

    You combined these two questions into one but they are separate and distinct from each other. It is clear that you do not understand the difference between the evolutionary process in adaptation and evolution of species as in apes to men. If you go back and re read questions 8 and 9, you will find the evidence these are true, in the presentation of the questions.

    ORIGINAL QUESTION 8:The only evolutionary process that has been proven by scientists is that certain species—when placed in harsh environments—have the ability to adapt themselves by certain changes that permit their continued survival. This type of limited evolutionary processes is assumed as evidence that greater evolutionary processes are also possible. What is falsely insinuated is that man could have evolved from the ape species. To the present day (2018), no scientific proof has ever been presented which would validate that man could have evolved from the ape species. No intermediate species have been discovered in the fossil record, though several fraudulent examples have been presented.The idea that all life forms originated from a common ancestor has no scientific evidence to prove that this has actually taken place, other than the limited evolution of certain species for the purpose of adaptation. The creatures, plants, and organisms that exist on earth, all follow a predetermined course for their existence that is fixed and unchangeable.Every animal appeared on earth fully formed as they now exist, and only under certain rare circumstances has any animal or plant changed slightly for the purpose of adaptation. There is no evidence that any species has evolved itself into a completely new species outside their original species. Since evolution of species has been scientifically disproven, how did life originate if not from God?

    ORIGINAL QUESTION 9: When we think of evolution of the species in the sense of apes becoming man, this type of evolution has never presented evidence that would lead us to scientifically validate this kind of massive changes in evolution. Biology is based on taxonomy (classifications of species). This is the reason we see plants and animals with different scientific names. A species that occurs within an existing species because of adaptability is quite common. This new species within a species is not the same as evolution in the sense of creating a different animal or distinct kinds of organisms.

    There has never been any scientific proof that any species can, or ever has in the past, evolve into an completely different species. Dawkins never proved this, neither did any evolutionist. The reason is very simple, it is not possible and there is nothing to prove this is possible.

    Please provide one example of any species which has completely evolved into a new species, either by the fossil record or a living specimen.

    All that is proven that is possible by evolution are changes by adaptability within the same species. Finches develop different beaks, due to harsh conditions but they are still Finches. Not a single animal has ever gone from evolutionary adaptation, to a complete change of species, such as in apes to men.

    REGARDING THE ASSERTION THAT MAN EVOLVED FROM AN APE

    Although Chimpanzees and human beings sharing 95% of their DNA sequence and about 99% of their coding DNA sequences, this is not the real barrier to an ape becoming a man.

    Because of this close proximity in these two, many have assumed that the boundaries are not impossible to cross. One of the biggest obstacles in creating an ape-human hybrid is that humans have 46 chromosomes and apes have 48. Even in the event that a zygote should form, this difference in chromosomes will not permit the chromosomes to pair together correctly in order to cause pregnancy.

    Finally, there is at least a 40 million base pair difference between the code of apes and humans that further make the chance of creating a living missing link impossible. Chromosomes alone are not the key in this regard. The genetic code that is necessary to instruct cells on how to form living tissue, organs, and body parts is the key to making it possible for an ape and human to produce offspring. The genetic code for an ape is lacking 40 million characters.

    Making human and ape genetic code compatible is a bit like trying to use the operating system of an iPhone to run a nuclear submarine. The genetic code of an ape is lacking the key instructions necessary to make a viable being between ape and human. This has never happened before, and it never will happen.

    YOUR RESPONSE TO QUESTION 10:

    #10. Nope. Go see Inherit the Wind and get back to us.

    MY ANSWER:

    The Bible presents us with scientific facts of the universe—precisely as they have existed since the beginning of the Cosmos. This information about the universe, earth, and human physiology, existed in the Bible, hundreds of years before any scientist discovered these things. These are facts and easily verified by the historical record which demonstrated that the scriptures described below, were indeed written before science published these facts.

    1. In the beginning there was nothing, when suddenly, the universe came into existence (Genesis 1:1).
    2. Time, Space, and Matter came into existence at the same precise moment (Genesis 1:1).
    3. The number of stars in the universe are so great in number, they cannot be counted (Jeremiah 33:22).
    4. The Sun follows a circular course through the universe (Psalms 19:4-6).
    5. The Earth is a sphere (Isaiah 40:22).
    6. The Earth hangs in empty space, suspended by gravity (Job 26:7).
    7. All matter in the universe is made up of invisible material, consisting of Atoms (Hebrews 11:3).
    8. The invisible physiology and function of the human body, understood by God before medicine discovered these things (Genesis 17:12).⁠

    Your answers demonstrate the point of my article and the reason form my next book: Atheists do not know or understand the science of the universe, earth, or man and therefore make incorrect assumptions and conclusions which is the reason why they find no evidence for God.

    It is clear to me that you have never done any original work yourself to understand these things because all of you answers are from other atheists who received them from other atheists and so on. This is a common problem amongst atheists in that they get their information from prior faulty sources.

    Rob

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